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## TEACHER: SIR MOHSIN SHAHZAD MEMBERS: ABDUS SHAKOOR TOUSEEF AHMAD

SP09-BEE-052 SP09-BEE-008

Presentation Outlines
Concept of commutation Types of Commutation Comparison of Commutation External pulse commutation

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Commutation

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Commutation is defined as a process turn off a thyristor. There are two types of commutation techniques.

Types of Commutation

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Forced commutation: It requires external components to store energy and it is used to apply reverse voltage across the SCR or reduce anode current below holding current of the SCR to turn it off. Natural Commutation: It does not need any external components.it uses supply (mains) voltage for turning off the SCR.

## External Pulse Commutation

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This is the voltage commutation scheme. The main objective is to apply a reverse voltage across the conducting thyristor. The reverse voltage is applied to the load current carrying SCR from an external pulse source therefore it is called External pulse commutation.

Explanation
When thyristor is conducting ,the drop across the transformer is negligibly small. The supply voltage appears across the load resistance. When commutation of SCR is desired a pulse of duration equal or slightly greater than the turn off time specification of the thyristor is applied. Earlier to the commutation, the capacitor voltage remains at a small value of about 2V. When a pulse of voltage from the pulse generator is applied to the primary of the pulse transformer, the voltage Induced in the secondary appears across T1 as a reverse voltage (-Vp) and turns it off.

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Explanation (continue)
The capacitor then discharge through the load at load current IL . A negative voltage is maintained turn off time toff. As capacitor voltage falls below supply voltage V, the SCR is forward biased.

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MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS

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The turn off time depends upon the current load in this commutation.

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References
Power Electronics by Asfaq Ahmad