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HARDWARE COMPONENTS FOR MOBILE COMPUTING

Mobile computing device - be it, a notebook, hand-held computer, pen computer, PDA, PalmOS compatible PDA, Symbian EPOC handheld device, Windows CE/Pocket PC device, or a modern smart phone with Wireless Internet connectivity A suitably-configured wireline or wireless WAN modem, wireless LAN adapter, or a flash card either as a distinctly separate accessory or embedded on the device - as is the trend now.

A Web Server with wireless support, WAP gateway, a Communications Server and/or MCSS (Mobile communications server switch) or a wireless gateway embedded in wireless carrier's network - this server provides communications functionality to allow the handheld device to communicate with the Internet or Intranet infrastructure.

SOFTWARE COMPONANTS FOR MOBILE COMPUTING

Mobile client OS-type software that resides in the mobile device it may be Windows98/2000/NT, PalmOS, Win CE (or Pocket PC), EPOC, a specialized OS like Blackberry, or a Web browser. Mobile application user interface with application logic in a handheld PDA, smartphone, Palm or a Wintel notebook. In the Internet world, it is often under the control of a browser or microbrowser. Application server and/or database server software. Back-end legacy application software on large Unix servers (from vendors such as Sun, IBM, and HP), IBM AS/400,or IBM S/390 mainframes

Application middleware (a piece of software that communicates with backend legacy systems and web-based application servers). IBM's WebSphere, BEA's WebLogic or Oracle's 9i are typical

SOFTWARE COMPONENTS FOR MOBILE COMPUTING

Wireless middleware that links multiple wireless networks to application servers Data synchronization software that synchronizes data in the mobile device with the network server or the backend server

Mobile Device management software like XcelleNet's Afaria, Synchrologic Mobile suite or Mobile Automation's MA2000.
Finally, the most useful software - end user application like messaging, sales force automation, public query, data collection, etc.

WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY IN MOBILE COMPUTING

Wireless internent
Wireless internet is also known as wireless Web,provide mobile computin access to data using the internet and specially equipped hand-held devices.

Bluetooth
Bluetooth is a proprietary open wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances from fixed and mobile devices, creating personal area networks (PANs)

GPRS
GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) is a non-voice service added to existing TDMA networks, one of the 2.5G technology upgrades.