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MUHAMMAD AZRI ASYRAF BIN MOHD ASARI MUHD MUAZ BIN MOHD AMIN SYED ZULFIKAR

The verb tense that expressing action in the present time, as in She writes; she is writing. "The present tense designates action occurring at the time of speaking or writing: Shelives in Toronto. It is used to indicate habitual actions: I exercise every morning. It is also used to express general truths (Time flies) and scientific knowledge (Light travels faster than sound). . . .

"Present tense also has some special uses:


to indicate future time when used with time expressions: We travel to Italy next week. Michael returns in the morning. to describe works of literature and the arts: Hamlet avoids avenging his father's death for one reason."

The present simple tense is very often used with adverbs of repeated time. Look at these examples (the adverbs are shown in bold):
I always come to school by cycle. She frequently arrives here before me. He never forgets to do his homework. I often catch the late bus home.

When we want to state a fact or ask a question without any time reference, we use the present simple tense.
- I live in Frankfurt. - She plays football but she does not play tennis. - For breakfast, he eats rice and drinks cold milk.

TO FORM THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE , USE THE BASE FORM OF THE VERB FOR THE MOST FORMS.
ADD s OR es TO THIRD PERSON SINGULAR SUBJECTS ( he , she , it or singular nouns )

IN NEGATIVE STATEMENTS , WE USE do not ( dont ) or does not ( doesnt ) plus the verb

Subject + verb
I work You work We work They work The computers work

He / She / It works The computer works

Subject + Do / Does + Base Verb


I do not work You do not work We do not work They do not work The computers do not work

He / She / It does not works The computers does not works

When we add s to base verbs , we change spelling some verbs.


Add -s to most verbs = walk walks Add -es to verbs that end in sh , ch , ss, x or o = finish finishes / catch catches / go goes If a verb ends in a consonant + y , change the y to i and add es = try-tries / study studies If a verb ends in a vowel + y , add s = pay-pays / play-plays

We use the simpe present tense when we talk about habitual actions and for things that happens all the time or are always true.
Example
Mike talks on the phone a lo He writes movie reviews on his computer everyday

We use the negative contructed forms dont and doesnt in speech and informal writing. We use the full forms do not and does not in informal writing and in speech when we want to emphasize the negative
Informal = Im sorry. I dont have time to help you now Formal or Emphatic= The president does not want this report to be late.

1. Jerry (come/comes) to school on time. 2. Jerry and Linda (come/comes) to school on time. 3. Ms. Jones (teach/teaches) geography. 4. The cat (sleep/sleeps) on the sofa every day. 5. Milk (cost/costs) two dollars a quart.