Sie sind auf Seite 1von 25

Sentence

Definition Two immediate parts Types of Sentence a. According to function b. According to structure Basic sentence patterns in English

What is a sentence?
A sentence is a thought or a group of thoughts interrelated in meaning.

Subject a. what is being identified or talked about Example: Public relations is the art of dealing with people.
b. what is being described Example: Alay Lakad means walking for a charitable purpose.

c. what undergoes an action Example: The lesson in brotherhood must be learned by all.
d. to or for whom the action is performed. Example: The visitors will be shown the prints and slides of the recent historical events in the country.

Predicate what is said about the subject Example:

The baby Subject

cried. Predicate

Simple vs Complete
Simple Subject and Simple Predicate SS SP Example: The visitors will be shown the prints and slides of the recent historical events in the country. Complete Subject and Complete Predicate CS CP Example: The visitors will be shown the prints and slides of the recent historical events in the country.

Types of Sentence According to Function

Declarative Sentence
It is a statement that states something It ends with a period.

Example: Ysa cooked pancit canton for Marvin.

Interrogative Sentence
It is a sentence that asks a question. It ends with a question mark.

Example: Who cooked the pancit canton?

Imperative Sentence
It is a sentence that commands or asks someone to do something. Some would appear to have no subject because of you is assumed to be the subject. It can be short as one word.

Example: Cook. Please cook pancit canton. Cook pancit canton.

Exclamatory Sentence
It is a sentence that shows excitement or strong emotion. It ends with an exclamation point. Example: Such a delicious pancit canton that Ysa cooked! Oh! This pancit canton tastes so good.

Type of Sentence According to Structure

Simple sentence
It expresses a single independent thought. Example: Engineers are very much in demand nowadays.

Compound Sentence
It expresses two or more co-ordinate thoughts. Its clauses may be separated with a comma followed by a coordinating conjunction, or a semi-colon followed by a subordinating conjunctions.

Example: Engineers are very in demand , for they are badly needed abroad.

Complex Sentence
It expresses two or more thoughts, one of which is the main independent thought with one or more thoughts being dependent on it. Example: If you are an Engineer, why not go abroad?

Compound-Complex Sentence
It expresses two or more thoughts, two of which being the main independent thoughts and at least one being dependent. Example: While he is still thinking about going abroad, his wife decided that she would go with him and his parents said that they would stay with their children.

SS = 1 MT CS = 2 = MT CX = 1 MT + 1/more DT CC = 2 MT + 1/more DT

Basic Sentence Patterns

S-IV S-LV-SC S-TV-DO S-TV-IO-DO S-TV-DO-OC

S-IV
Subject+Predicate (Noun/Pronoun+Verb) Example: Rye jumped. S IV

S-LV-SC
Subject+Predicate+Subjective Complement (Noun/Pronoun+Linking Verb+Adj/Noun) Example: Jah is beautiful. S LV C Jah is a doctor. S LV C

S-TV-DO
Subject+Predicate+Object (Noun/Pronoun+Verb+Noun/Pronoun) Examples: Shi broke the vase. S TV DO

Shi broke it. S TV DO

S-TV-IO-DO
Subject+Predicate+IndirectObject+DirectObject (Noun/Pronoun+Verb+Noun/Pronoun+Noun)

Example: Marvin gave Ysa a candy. S TV IO DO

S-TV-DO-OC
Subject+Predicate+Object+Objective Complement (Noun/Pronoun+Verb+Noun+Noun/Adj)

Example: The parents named the child Abi. S TV DO OC