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WIMAX NETWORK ANALYSIS OPNET SIMULATOR

Presented by: Selem Trabelsi

proposed by :Mr MNIF KAIS

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Introduction Description of WIMAX OPNET Modeler simulator implementation and results Conclusion
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Introduction Description of WIMAX OPNET Modeler simulator implementation and results Conclusion
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Introduction
WiMAX ( Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) is a standard wireless communication. Today mostly used mode of transmission and high-speed Internet access, on a large geographical area. In this project our purpose is to test the transfer efficiency WiMAX network by using the OPNET modeler software. The goal: Simulate WIMAX with the software OPNET Modeler to know the basic actions for the simulation, use interfaces and libraries located in OPNET models The environment allows OPNET modeling and simulation networks communication with its model libraries (routers, switches, stations workstations, servers ...) and protocols (TCP / IP, FTP,).
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Description of WIMAX
objectives:
provide a broadband internet connection on a coverage area of several kilometers. In theory: 74 Mbit / s with a range of 50 km

Operation:
WiMAX operates with a principle of the base station, a central unit which is connected to the antennas of the subscribers. Supports applications with different QoS requirements 2 types of application: Fixed 802.16d Mobile 802.16e

Limits:
The rate decreases with the presence of obstacles LOS (line of sight: the presence of obstacles) NLOS (Non line of sight: no presence of obstacles). The actual flow in the presence of obstacles and can not exceed 20 Mbit / s.
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physical Layer
designation SC SCa OFDM OFDMA frequency 10-66Ghz 2,5-11Ghz 2,5-11Ghz 2,5-11Ghz LoS/NLoS LoS NLoS NLoS NLoS AAS, ARQ, STC AAS, ARQ, STC, mesh AAS, ARQ, STC Options multiplexing TDD,FDD TDD,FDD TDD,FDD TDD,FDD

Wireless-HUMAN

2,5-11Ghz

NLoS

ARQ, STC, Mesh

TDD

OFDM Processing allows 256 points of transformation Only One user in symbol OFDM OFDMA Up to 2048 points of transformation uses the principle of OFDM but allocates frequencies to more than one user . Wireless-HUMAN 3 use of unlicensed frequency

Scheduling services

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OPNET MODELER simulator


OPNET modeler enable solutions : Test technology designs in realistic scenarios Evaluate enhancements to standards-based protocols Develop new protocols and technologies

OPNET modeler simulator


OPNET supports many simulation technologies:
Discrete Event Simulation (DES) provides highly detailed models that explicitly simulate packets and protocol messages The model in DES execute the protocol in much the same way as a production environment Although DES provides high results, simulation runtimes are longer than with the other methods Flow Analysis Flow Analysis does not model individual protocol messages or packets, therefore it does not generate results for transient network conditions It can be used to study routing and reachability across the network in steady state, and in scenarios with one or more failed devices Execution runtimes can be signicantly faster as compared with DES
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Introduction Description of WIMAX OPNET Modeler simulator implementation and results Conclusion

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Scenario 1: comparison between WIMAX_WLAN

Scenario 1: comparison between WIMAX_WLAN


Base Station(OFDM) Subscriber Wimax_Wlan (11 Mbps) Server 3 Wlan Station (nrtps) Station 1 silver (nrtps) Minimum reserved traffic rate=2000 bps Duration of simulation = 20 mn the server sends traffic to all stations traffic for station 1 at 2 mn Analyze only the traffic to station 1

scenario 1:analyze and interpret the results

this curve shows the throughput between the SS wimax _wlan wimax _wlan this curve shows the throughput between the base station and SSand Station 1 minimun throughput=120 bytes/s minimun throughput=2900 bit/s =960 bit/s maximun throughput=230 bytes/s=1840 bit/s maximun throughput=5800 bit/s Average throughput=150 bytes/s=1200 bit/s Average throughput=4500 bit/s 9

scenario 1:analyze and interpret the results


the variation of throughput in both of the wimax and wlan network is explained by the availability of bandwidth (shared resource) we note that the throughput in WiMAX network is always superior to 2000 bit / s because nrtps requires a minimum rate equal to 2000/s In the Wlan network the throughput is low because there are many stations that use bandwidth

The throughput between the WiMAX Base Station and a WLANWiMAX router is higher than the throughput in WLAN network
Wimax is more efficient than WLAN

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Scenario 2:interaction with different QoS Scheduling services


Duration of simulation =15 mn BE traffic starts at 2 mn Silver_B traffic starts at 2mn ends at 10 mn Silver_A starts at 5mn ends at 7.5 mn No traffic for UGS

Four SS nodes are configured in the network with a different service class: UGS_ss: (Gold class ,UGS Scheduling, minimum rate=16.8 Mbps) silver_A_ss: (Silver_A class,rtPS Scheduling , minimum rate=2.0 Mbps)

silver_B_ss:(Silver_B class ,rtPS Scheduling ,minimum rate 0.5 Mbps default_ss: (System Default ,BE,0.0 Mbps) 11

scenario 2:analyze and interpret the results

Traffic send to BS (bandwith max =3 Mb/s) Between (2 5 mn) and (7.5 10 mn) 2 traffic available both are served Average thoughput for silver B =2.5 Mb/s and 0.5 for BE Between 5 and 7.5 mn 3 traffic only rtps traffic is served Average throughput for silver A =2.0 Mbps and 0.9 Mb/s for silver B After t=10 mn only BE traffic with average throughput =1.2 Mb/s 12

scenario 2:analyze and interpret the results


UGS_ss has no traffic activity. It is used to limit the resources available for polling and best effort services.

Rtps is prioritized than BE


BS scheduler served silver A on the first because it requires more rate than silver B

Both silver SSs are serviced by the BS scheduler based on their weights (80 to 20), using the available bandwidth.
The default SS uses the System Default class, which provides no service guarantees, then it will use resources left available (if any) by the rtPS services.
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Scenario 3: using Adaptive Modulation and Coding

The scenario contains 3 mobile stations, use different MCS schemes. one uses QPSK 1/2 one uses Adaptive one uses 64QAM 3/4

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scenario 3:analyze and interpret the results

the variation of signal quality is explained by the mobility of SS and the interference between signal the number of bits per symbol in 64 QAM equal 5 (5 for transmission data and 1 bit for CRC (error control) the number of bits per symbol in QPSK equal 1 bit for data In AMC the number of bits per symbol varies max =5 min =1

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scenario 3:analyze and interpret the results


The lower throughput its by using 64 QAM because there are more lost packet with this MCS 64 QAM is effective when the signal quality is high but it isnt robust to errors 64-QAM, better signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) are needed to overcome any interference and maintain a certain bit error ratio (BER). QPSK modulation is more robust and gives excellent throughput. The use of adaptive modulation allows a wireless system to choose the highest order modulation depending on the signal quality. adaptive modulation allows the system to overcome fading and interference. 16

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Conclusion
OPNET is a powerful software which allows many models of networks thanks to its many libraries. This makes the software requires a good knowledge and understanding of the field of networks to control the ins and outs of the software.

Moreover, OPNET seems by its complexity and many setting options requires proper training to be fully controlled.
this software offers a story mode and features (modeling,simulation, ...) it would be interesting to use in the practical work.

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