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The Internet The World Wide Web Internet Connection Types URL a. Parts of URL b. URL schemes

Which came first - Internet or WWW?

Internet is a network of interconnected computers that is now global Internet born in 1969 - called ARPANET(Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) It was developed because of the Cold War ARPANET was connection of computers at UCLA, Stanford, UCSB, Univ. of Utah

World Wide Web (WWW) or Web is a component of Internet that presents information in a graphical interface. WWW consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents. Web page is the electronic document on the web (HTML, XML, XHTML).

Web site is a collection of related web pages and associated documents, stored on a web server. Web browser is a software that lets a user display and interact with documents and sources in the Web, MS Internet Explorer. 1980s Dr. Tim Berners-Lee began the WWW 1993 Marc Andreesen developed Mosaic the 1st point-and-click web browser

Dial-up Connection uses a modem and a telephone line. ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) is a digital network that still uses telephone lines but it requires specialized equipment to transfer information. DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) uses telephone lines and has quicker connection speed.

Cable Internet, you will be connected to the Internet through the cable provider Wireless Internet, or wireless broadband, you use radio frequency bands, on connection which can be accessed from anywhere as long as you geographically within a network coverage area.

To visit a website, type the URL (Uniform Resource Locator) on the address bar of web browser.

http://www.webopedia.com/quick_ref/internet_ connection_types.asp

http://www.webopedia.com/quick_ref/inte rnet_connection_types.asp
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HTTP or HyperText Transfer Protocol is the protocol, a set of rules that defines how pages are transferred on the webs www indicates a page on the World Wide Web webopedia.com is the domain name that indicates the type of organization or country where the server is located.

http://www.webopedia.com/quick_ref/inte rnet_connection_types.asp
4. quick_ref is the folders on the web server that contains a group of related web pages within the web site. 5. internet_connection_types.asp this is the name of the document that is being requested

HTTP or HyperText Transfer Protocol the protocol used to transfer documents across the Web. HTTPS URL that begin with HTTPS use SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) to encrypt the data and secure communication over the Internet FTP allows downloading and uploading of files on the internet

Gopher is a menu-based system that allows user to search and retrieve documents on the Internet Telnet is an Internet protocol that lets users log in to a remote system and control the computer where they are connected.

The Internet is a vast networking infrastracture that connects millions of computers all over the world. Users connect to the Internet by signing up with ISPs (Internet Service Provider) HTML is the major language for websites. A web browser lets users view HTML docs. The rules that allow computers to communicate in a network are called protocols.

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