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Presented By: Gurleen Singh Ishant Gupta

2G means: Second-Generation Wireless Telephone Technology. ew technology in the field n of mobile. 2G is not just a network but a good technology.

I t comes with some more benefits : 1. SMS facility was first started with network. 2. Safe for the use. 3. Environmental conditions was very good for this network & no network shortage was there.

launched in 1991 in Finland only in GSM mobile phones. many other technologies overcome it with 2.5G, 2.75G technologies. latest technology in present world is 3G.

It is an illegal activity to earn money by using power in their hand.

2G licenses issued to private telecom players at throwaway prices in 2008. CAG: Rules and procedures flouted while issuing licenses.

In 2008, government issued 122 new telecoms licences. rules were violated. licences were issued to firms with no prior experience or were ineligible. violations cost exchequer $39 billion in lost revenue Government managed to raise Rs 1.76 lakh crore from sale of 2G spectrum.

One of the main person behind Indias largest Corporate Fraud i.e. A Raja

A. Raja is an Indian politician from the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) political party. member of 15th Lok Sabha representing the Nilgiris constituency of Tamil Nadu. Professionally he is a lawyer. first elected to the Lok Sabha in 1996. first served as minister of state from 1999 to 2003.

re-elected to Lok Sabha in 2004, became a cabinet minister in the UPA government. In 2007, he became cabinet minister for communication and information technology. re-elected in 2009 & appointed for the same until being tainted in 2G spectrum scam. resigning in 2010 due to scam.

o Cheap telecom Licenses : Entry fee for spectrum licenses in 2008 pegged at

2001 prices Mobile subscriber base had shot up to 350 million in 2008 from 4 million in 2001.

o No Procedures Followed : Rules changed after the game had begun. Cut-off date for applications advanced by a week. Licenses issued on a first-come-first-served basis. No proper auction process followed, no bids invited. Raja ignored advice of Law Ministry, Finance

Ministry. Had recommended auctioning of spectrum at market rates.

Unitech, Swan Telecom got licenses without any prior telecom experience . Swan Telecom given license even though it did not meet eligibility criteria. Swan got license for Rs.1537 crore, sold 45% stake to Etisalat for Rs.4200 crore.

Unitech Wireless got license for Rs. 1661 crore, sold 60% stake for Rs. 6200 crore. ll nine companies paid DOT only Rs.10,772 crore for A 2Glicences.

Anil Ambani - Reliance Group (ADAG) Shahid Balwa - DB Realty and DB Etisalat (Swan Telecom) Vinod Goenka - Dynamix Group Venugopal Dhoot - Videocon Group Prashant Ruia - Essar Group

former airline entrepreneur. Kenya-born and London-educated corporate lobbyist Niira Radia. Niira Radia runs a public relations firm named Vaishnavi Corporate.

Niira Radia

NDTV journalist alleged to have lobbied for A.Raja's appointment as minister.

Barkha Dutt

Hindustan Times editor alleged to have edited articles to reduce blame in the Niira Radia tapes. Vir Sanghvi

DB Realty had given 200+ crores to Kalaignar TV. news led to 20% fall in stock prices of DB Realty. S un TV shares fall by 10% next day following rumours of Kalanidhi Maran having stake in Kalaignar TV. Swan Telecom Chief Balwa was arrested on Feb 8 rumours of links with Anil Ambani's Reliance ADAG led to 20% fall of his stocks.

Nearly 2 Billion USD was eroded from his stocks. Spicejet stocks went down after Maran's recent takeover of Spicejet.

Nira Radia M.Karunanidhi A Raja (Telecom minister)

Arun Jaitley
Barkha dutt (Journalist) Arun Shourie Pramod Mahajan

Unitech Group :- sold 60% of company stake to Telenor. Swan Telecom :- sold 45% of company stake to Emirates Telecommunications Corporation (Etisalat). Videocon Telecommunications Limited Reliance Communications Tata Communications

Vodafone Essar Loop Mobile S Tel Dishnet Wireless Allianz Infra Sistema Shyam Mobile (MTS) Sistema Mobile Russia

Set up a special branch of CBI to look into the matter. elecom Minister resigns his post after Scan. T A Raja also arrested by the Police. CBI is also interacting with the brothers of A Raja and also some business men.

In early Nov. 2010 Jayalalithaa accused Tamil Nadu state CM M Karunanidhi of protecting A. Raja from corruption charges. By mid November A. Raja resigned. In mid November comptroller Vinod Rai issued show-cause notices to Unitech, S Tel, Loop Mobile, Datacom (Videocon), and Etisalat.

companies did not have the up-front capital required at the time of the application and were illegal. Govt. of India replaced A Raja with Kapil Sibal. Also Union minister for Human Resources Development.

CBI conducted raids on Raja and four other telecom officials former telecom secretary Siddharth Behura, Raja's personal secretary R K Chandolia, member telecom K Sridhar DoT deputy director general A K Srivastava on 8 December 2010. Raja, Behura and Chandolia were arrested on Feb2nd 2011.

Resulting loss of up to Rs. 1.76 lakh crores(US$40 billion) to the national exchequer. In August, 2010, evidence was submitted by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) showing that Raja had personally signed and approved the majority of the questionable allocations.

Not well maintained as compared to other Asian countries. Poor Administration is just because of poor political leaders of our country. They do some unofficial work for the sake of money. there are lots of other factors which makes it worse.