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ADVANTAGES OF PACKAGE SUBSTATION

o AIM To Explain the Advantages and Disadvantages of proposed Package substation for G58 WTG in Place of Conventional outdoor DP Yard.

WHY PREFABRICATED SUBSTATIONS?

o Reliability: IEC 62271-202 Complaint Substations


That mean resistance to the Temperature Rise, Humidity, Pollution, etc. Equipment Life Span Service Continuity Public and Operator Safety

o Quality and Standardization


Definition of LV/MV substation design including the right components solution to fit to the standards Since factory assembled and tested, Product will fit to the needs of quality and standards Control of Quality shall be maintained at all levels.

Single line diagram of proposed Package Substation

GENERAL ARRANGEMENT

GENERAL ADVANTAGES

PACKAGE SUBSTATION

CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM

o o o o o o

Compact and Safety superior. Aesthetically superior. Fully compartmentalized no accidental access to the live parts. Transportable and Ready to install. Minimal Maintenance EB metering, The CT & PT can be housed in a separate cubicle with tamper proof sealing arrangement

LIGHTINING ARRESTOR Conventional System Package Substation

LIGHTINING ARRESTOR

Conventional System

Package Substation

Conventional System

Package Substation

Made up of porcelain

Lighter in weight almost 90% of weigh is reduced

Heavy and it is hard to handling Easy handling

Could have hidden defects that are hard to detect

Vandalism is common Pin erosion and coupling hardware corrosion

Better performance in high contamination area

Better handling of shock loads

Cement growth cracking

more resistant to vandalism

Weaker in tension

Stronger in tension

PROTECTION IN CONVENTIONAL SYSTEMS

AB SWITCH / ISOLATOR

Since the Fabrication is done is site, the alignment won't be that precise

Number of accessories are involved so it is hard to have a spares

Work at height is involved

Closing and Opening are mostly depends on the Operator physical strength

PROTECTION IN CONVENTIONAL SYSTEMS

HORN GAP FUSE

The reaction time to blown the fuse during the fault is relatively slow when compared to VCB

Once the fuse is blown it is hard to detect

At the time of replacing the blown fuse, work at height is involved, so extra safety measures to be taken

PROTECTION IN PACKAGE SUBSTATION

MV SWITCH GEAR Hence it is a factory made there will not be any alignment problem Self powered relay are used to trip the circuit

In case of fault the fault circuit is isolated by tripping VCB rapidly

MV switch gear has a disconnector switch which can be connected to earth at the time of service

Since it is a factory made the standard quality of the materials can be obtained Maintaing inventory is quite easy

BUS BAR ARRANGEMENT IN CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM

BUS ARRANGEMENT -ACSR CONDUCTOR Since there is more no of terminals and joints the voltage drop is high Hence it is exposed to atmospheric condition easily contaminated by rust

Having risk of working at height Having risk of external faults Possible of having accidental access to the live parts

BUS BAR ARRANGEMENT IN PACKAGE SUBSTATION

BUS BAR ARRANGEMENT - PACKAGE SUBSTATION

Electrical connections are done by the cable and the Aluminium bus, so voltage drop is minimized Hence it is in a cubicle the atmospheric condition may not affect

External faults wont take place Accidental access to the live parts are avoided

Personnel safety is assured

MEASURING CTPT- CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM

MEASURING CTPT- CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM

Since it is a oil type, there is a chance of oil leakage

Possible of danger of fire and explosion

Possible of External Fault (Ex. Bird Fault)

MEASURING CTPT- PACKAGE SUBSTATION

MEASURING CTPT- PACKAGE SUBSTATION

Its a dry type transformer, the life time of the CTPT is longer

Provides Excellent mechanical and short ciruit strength

Less Weight and easy to handle

No danger of fire explosion

COMPARISON BETWEEN PACKAGE SUBSTATION AND CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM


D E S C R IP T IO N 1 Erectio n time P A C KA G E S UB S T A T IO N < 2 ho urs C O N V E N T IO N A L O UT D O O R D P Y A R D 7 to 1 days 5 A s the co ntracto r is buying mo st o f the materials, very difficult to co ntro l quality and also mo re no o f accesso ries and hardwares are invo lved Since all are fabricated at site, no . o f days, no . o f labo urs and fabricatio n to o ls invo lved are mo re and hence wo rkmenship will no t be as go o d as P SS Fabricatio n and wo rking at height is invo lved High expo sure will be po o r, since do ne with "0" gauge co pper with lo cally purchased lugs and co nnecto rs difficult mo re - as all activities are at site high (1 mtrs X 9 mtrs) 2 easy as o nly fencing is available

2 Quality o f the materials

A ll materials are o f reputed make Since it is facto ry made cubicle with skilled labo urs, wo rkmenship will be go o d P erso nnel safety will be go o d as there is no fabricatio n and wo rking at height risks are invo lved No expo sure as it is metal enclo sed will be go o d as it invo lves cables and alumnium bus bars with pro per terminatio n simple almo st zero as it is prefabricated less (4 mtrs X 3.5 mtrs) difficult as it is metal enclo sed

3 Wo rkmenship 4 P erso nnel Safety at site Expo sure to external lighting, bird faults and 5 dusty,humid and mo isturo us enivo rment 6 7 8 9 1 0 Equipment interco nnectio n M aintenance and o peratio n P ending po ints Space requirement Tresspassing

1 Civil wo rks invo lved 1

1 A dditio nal civil wo rks fo r lo w lying area 2 1 High temperature, high humid and high dust area 3 1 Equipment earthing system 4 1 Sto rage at site 5 Co st o f Transpo rtatio n 1 6 Crane requirement 1 7

invo lves co ncreting fo r all the po les,transfo rmer, metering bo x, fencing, gate and flo o r co ncreting / metal spreading A dditio nal retaining wall with increased height to match gro und level and backfilling the same with so il fo r who le very less (o nly pillar height with additio nal reinfo rcement ) yard area Fo r co astal area - o nly anti co rro sio n painting to be In additio n to GI structures, equipments with higher do ne. No mo dificatio n in equipment specificatio ns creepage to be installed will be go o d as prefabricated and do ne with skilled mo re no . o f jo ints and po o r welding is po ssible, since do ne labo urs at site with unskilled labo urs Needs mo re space o n co ntracto rs sco pe High ( invo lves transpo rtatio n fro m facto ry to site yard, Co ntracto rs sco pe yard to lo catio n) Crane is required fo r unlo ading and lo ading at yard and o nly hydra fo r transfo rmer unlo ading and lo ading at yard erectio n at lo catio n and erectio n at lo catio n very less (o nly fo ur pillars after P CC)

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