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Strengthening the Resilience of the Urban Water Supply, Drainage and Sanitation to Climate Change in Coastal Towns (ADB

TA 7890 BAN)

Sanitation

generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and faeces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities. The word sanitation also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal.

Sanitation It is likely that the gradual climate change phenomena such as temperature rise and erratic patterns of rainfall will lead to increased water demand and more droughts. Sea level rise and salinity intrusion will result in the deterioration in water quality in the coastal regions. Extreme events particularly cyclones and storm surges will damage water supply and sanitation infrastructure. Increased water in the monsoon will damage settlements and infrastructure, resulting in disease outbreaks and more frequent deaths compared to the existing situation, whereas lack of rainfall in the monsoon will cause scarcity of water for drinking and sanitation. Drought will also create scarcity of water for irrigation, which will affect crop production and decrease livelihood options of the poor.

Sanitation: Promote private households and where not feasible provide Community latrines Provide adequate public latrines, and latrines in all schools Proper desludging and sludge management including vacuum pumping. Promote raised latrines above flood level Strengthening sanitary section of Pourashavas Concerned national agencies may provide technical assistance to Pourashava. Awareness raising and motivation.

Solid Waste Management: Master Plan of Pourashavas should earmark location of sanitary dumping ground/landfill Construct sanitary dumping ground Proper collection and disposal system (including segregation); Promote private sector Concerned national agencies may provide technical assistance to Pourashava.

Present situation
Sanitation: Public and community latrines (Only 2 public toilet exist) Desludging of pit latrines inadequate

Required remedial options


20 public toilet & 25 community toilet needed to be installed ; Toilets need installing at first floor level in Cyclone shelters Efficient sludge management system needed to be introduced 300 pit latrine required to be installed

Adaptions as a result of climate change


New Public and community toilets need to be installed above flood level High level toilets needed in Cyclone shelters. Sludge treatment facilities need installing above flood level Population need help in constructing high level latrines Dumping ground needs installing above flood level

Solid waste management : No dumping ground

dumping ground required Adequate dumping vehicle (1 trucks, 20 vans) required slaughter house needs to be established

Adaptation Cost 2050 (BDT in Lac)

682.00

68.2

Present situation

Required remedial options


15 public toilet & 150 community toilets needed to be installed ; Efficient sludge management system needed to introduced

Adaptions as a result of climate change


New Public and community toilets need to be installed above flood level High level toilets needed in Cyclone shelters. Sludge treatment facilities need installing above flood level Population need help in constructing high level latrines Dumping ground needs installing above flood level

Sanitation: Public and community latrines inadequate (Only 3 public toilet existed) Desludging of pit latrines inadequate

Solid waste management : No dumping ground No public bath

Dumping ground and 15 secondary station are required Adequate dumping vehicles (15 vans) required Slaughter housed needed to established 647.00

Adaptation Cost 2050 (BDT in Lac)

64.7

Present situation
Sanitation: Public and community latrines inadequate Desludging of pit latrines inadequate

Required remedial options


Construction of adequate public toilet (100 nos.) & community latrine (200 nos.) for low income group of the city ; Efficient sludge management system needed to introduced Mass awareness campaign on the issue

Adaptations as a result of climate change


New Public and community toilets need to be installed above flood level High level toilets needed in Cyclone shelters. Sludge treatment facilities need installing above flood level Population need help in constructing high level latrines Dumping ground needs installing above flood level

Solid waste management No dumping ground No public bath

Adequate dumping ground is required for dumping of solid waste Adequate required dumping vehicle to

Slaughter housed established 1,230.00

needed

Adaptation Cost 2050 123.00 (BDT in Lac)

SL
1
2 3 4 5 6 Public Latrine School latrine

Description
Pit latrine replacement / Improvement

Quantity
1,500
4 10 10 1 LS

Community latrine Truck mounted with vacuum pump Awareness campaign, capacity building,

Research and development

LS

SL
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Description
Pit latrine replacement / improvement Public Latrine School latrine Community latrine Truck mounted with vacuum pump Awareness campaign, capacity building, Research and development

Quantity
4,500 10 25 30 1 1 1

SL
1

Description
Pit latrine replacement / Improvement

Quantity
1,500

2
3 4 5 6 7

Public Latrine
School latrine Community latrine Truck mounted with vacuum pump Awareness campaign, capacity building, Research and development

4
10 10 1 LS LS