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Teaching Reading

Tamar Mikeladze
Telavi State University

Teaching Goals Teaching Means

reading comprehension reading techniques

reading techniques are taught on the
levels of:

• Letter recognition, letter/sound

• Reading syllables in some languages or
letter clusters (ch, sh, th, ght, gn in English)
• Reading whole words
• Start with simple sentences and short texts
(This may be done even earlier than the
whole alphabet is learnt)
• First guided loud reading –
silent reading as soon as loud reading has
become fluent enough
Reading comprehension can be done
on two levels :

• Understanding words and sentences

• Understanding “between the lines”

Reading can be classified:

Participation of voice aloud silent

Wholeness of analytical synthetic
Teacher participation guided independent

Freedom of choice compulsory individual/opti

Existence of language prepared unprepared

Role of mother with translation without

tongue translation
Role of dictionary with dictionary without
Types of reading intensive extensive

Reading purpose skimming scanning

Strategies for developing
reading skills:

• Previewing
• Predicting
• Skimming and Scanning
• Guessing from context
• Paraphrasing
Reading should be accompanied with:



During Pre-reading :
• Assess students’ background knowledge of
the topic and linguistic content of the text

• Give students the background knowledge

necessary for comprehension of the text, or
activate the existing knowledge that the
students possess

• Clarify any cultural information which may be

necessary to comprehend the passage

• Make students aware of the type of text they

will be reading and the purpose for reading

• Provide opportunities for group or

collaborative work and for class discussion
Pre-reading activities :

• Using title, subtitle, divisions to predict

• Looking at pictures, maps, diagrams, or
graphs and their captions
• Talking about author’s background,
writing style and usual topics
• Reviewing vocabulary, grammatical
• Reading over the comprehension
questions to focus attention on finding
that information while reading
While reading:

• Stop at the end of each section to

review and check their predictions,
restate the main idea and summarize
the section

• Use the comprehension questions as

guides to the texts, stopping to
answer them as they read.
While reading activities

• Have they obtained the information

they looked for?
• Do they understand the story line?
• Do they understand main idea and how
author supports it?
• Does it agree with their predictions?
• How does it differ?
After reading

• Check If students’ forecast was right

• Discuss the ending

• Do comprehension tasks
(true/false, multiple choice)

• Work out Reading / Writing / Speaking

(fill the gaps, arrange the paragraphs into a
logical order, retell the text, write an essay,
Thank You