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Communicate Using Visual Signaling

Techniques (Mounted)
071-326-0608

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Introduction
“AS A CAVALRY SCOUT YOU WILL FREQUENTLY BE CALLED UPON TO GROUND

GUIDE VEHICLES FROM ONE LOCATION TO ANOTHER. WHEN MOVING VEHICLES,

WHETHER IN THE MOTOR POOL, AS PART OF A CONVOY, OR IN A TACTICAL

SITUATION, THERE WILL BE TIMES WHEN THE RADIO IS INOPERABLE OR RADIO

LISTENING SILENCE HAS BEEN DIRECTED BY THE COMMANDER BECAUSE OF THE

TACTICAL SITUATION. BEING ABLE TO CORRECTLY USE AND UNDERSTAND THE

STANDARD VISUAL SIGNALING TECHNIQUES YOU WILL BE ABLE TO

EFFECTIVELY COMMUNICATE WITH OTHER SOLDIERS AND VEHICLES.”

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Visual Signaling
Techniques:
 (1) Hand and arm signals.
– (a) These are given while mounted - vehicle to
vehicle, and dismounted - from ground to vehicle
or ground to ground. Dismounted signals given
from ground to vehicle are normally referred to as
“Ground Guide” signals.
– (b) These are used to communicate to either
one element or to an entire unit.\

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Visual Signaling
Techniques:
 (2) Flag signals. These are used in the same
manner as hand and arm signals.
 (3) Pyrotechnic signals. These are used, either
mounted or dismounted, to communicate to an
entire unit.
 (4) Ground to air signals. These are used to
guide helicopter(s) to a landing point.

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Dismounted Visual Signals:

 (1) Day ground guide signals.


 (a) START ENGINES or PREPARE TO MOVE
 (b) STOP ENGINE
 (c) HALT or STOP
 (e) MOVE FORWARD
 (f) MOVE IN REVERSE (Backup)
 (g) CHANGE DIRECTION

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Dismounted Visual Signals:
 (h) NEUTRAL STEER (Tracked Vehicles)
 (i) INCREASE SPEED
 (j) LIGHTS ON - Point index finger of both hands
toward eyes.
 (k) LIGHTS OFF
 (l) CLOSE DISTANCE BETWEEN VEHICLES AND
STOP
 (m) RAISE RAMP
 (n) LOWER RAMP

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Night ground guide signals
 Night ground guide signals are used
during periods of darkness or limited
visibility. Objects such as a flashlight with
a filtered lens or a chemlight are normally
used to give signals. Never use a bright
light - it will give your position to the
enemy.

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Night ground guide signals
 (a) START ENGINE
 (b) HALT, STOP (moving vehicles), or
STOP ENGINE (stationary vehicles)
 (c) INCREASE SPEED
 (d) TURN
 (e) MOVE IN REVERSE (for vehicles which
are not moving) or SLOW DOWN (for
vehicles which are moving)

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Rear ground guides
Rear ground guides are always used
when a vehicle is moving in reverse or
neutral steering.
 (b) The rear ground guide is in command
of moving the vehicle when it is moving in
reverse and will give his visual signals
according to the direction he wants the
front of the vehicle to move.

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Rear ground guides
 (c) The front ground guide is responsible
for relaying the signals given by the rear
ground guide to the driver of the vehicle.
 (d) When the rear ground guide is giving a
command the front ground guide will
create a mirror image of the rear ground
guide’s signals. For example, when the
rear ground guide is giving the command
“Move in Reverse - Change Direction
Left”:
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Mounted Visual Signals:
 (1) Mounted visual signals are used to control movement and
give warning to either an entire unit or a platoon size or larger
element within the unit.
 (2) Track commanders execute the signals to communicate
messages between vehicles.
 (3) When an action or movement is to be executed by less than
the total unit, the signaler will point, if necessary, toward the
elements of a unit as an “alert” that a signal will follow.
However, when a movement or action is to be executed by the
entire unit the proper signal should be preceded by the signal
“Attention”.

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Mounted Visual Signals:

 (4) Signals are performed by “hand and


arm” signals or by the use of flags.
 (5) Hand and arm signals to direct combat
formations.

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Mounted Visual Signals:
 (a) COIL
 (b) HERRINGBONE
 (a) CONTACT LEFT
 (b) CONTACT RIGHT
 (c) ACTION LEFT
 (d) ACTION RIGHT
 (g) AIR ATTACK
 (h) NBC ATTACK

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Hand and arm signals to initiate
movement techniques.
 (a) TRAVELING
 (b) TRAVELING OVERWATCH
 (c) BOUNDING OVERWATCH or COVER
MY MOVE
 (d) MOVE TO LEFT
 (e) MOVE TO RIGHT

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Hand and arm signals to
control vehicle
 (a) ATTENTION
 (b) I AM READY or READY TO MOVE.
ARE YOU READY?
 (c) MOUNT
 (d) DISMOUNT or TAKE A PRONE
POSITION
 (e) DISREGARD PREVIOUS COMMAND or
AS YOU WERE

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Hand and arm signals to
control vehicle
 (f) I DO NOT UNDERSTAND
 (g) ADVANCE or MOVE OUT
 (h) OPEN UP
 (i) CLOSE UP
 (j) RIGHT/LEFT TURN -
 (k) BUTTON UP
 (l) UNBUTTON
 (m) MESSAGE ACKNOWLEDGED

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Flag signals
 Flag signals are used to
communicate messages between
vehicles over distances which are to
great to use standard hand and arm
signals. The use of flags must be
strictly monitored to prevent the
enemy from detecting your position.

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Flag signals
 (a) MOUNT - With the
 (b) DISMOUNT
 (c) DISMOUNT AND ASSAULT
 (d) ASSEMBLE or CLOSE.
 (e) MOVE OUT
 (f) NBC HAZARD PRESENT.

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Any Questions?

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