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PV Balance of Systems India Challenges and Global Benchmarking

Su-Kam Power Systems

An Indian MNC in Power back-up industry Focus on 3 verticals Inverters/UPS, Batteries & Renewables Has 10,000 strong dealers / distributors across country. Manufacturing units 6; Employees - 2000 23 Offices in India and one at Dubai. Investment from Reliance India Power Fund (A JV between Reliance and Tamasek Holdings). R&D recognized by CSIR, Govt of India. 65 Technology and Design patents in India and US. Export to More than 50 countries.

Indias Solar Market Classification

Range Sweet Spot

Rural Home Lighting, Street Lighting, Lanterns, Emergency Lights, Lighting Retrofits etc Residential, Small Commercial, SPV Pumps Big Commercial, Telecom Towers, Rural ATMs, Govt. Buildings Big Commercial, Govt. Buildings Independent Power Plants

20 million+ households, Remote Village Electrification program of MNRE covering about 10,000 villages Entire Power back-up industry market, 4 million inverters per year 150,000+ rural telecom towers, 50,000+ rural ATMs 70% of commercial buildings in 2030 are to be built from now to 2030. National Solar Mission 1000MW by 2013, 20,000MW by 2022

0 - 250W

250W-5KW (offgrid)


5 - 50KW (rooftop, off-grid) 3 - 100KW (rooftop, grid connected) >100KW, IPP, Grid-connected




Solar Applications DC / Low Power Apps

Solar Charger Controller

Quality of charge controllers are mostly not good Mostly non-PWM. No multi-step charging No Temp. compensation of batteries No State of Charge information

5 Ceiling Retrofits

Essentially a Cost Vs Performance dilemma!

Standalone Solar Power Systems for Households

High-efficiency charge controllers Low-cost MPPT
Energy Source
Energy Conversion


PV Array

Solar Charger Controller

Solar PV Inverter

AC Distribution Panel for Load Utilization Loads


Battery Life 1200-1500 cycles @ 60-70% DoD

Electronics Life 10+ yrs Efficiency 96%+ Controlled DoD, Top-up Charging, Equalization

All of above with wider temperature / moisture / dust / handling tolerances

Off-grid Solar PV Systems (Telecom, ATM )

DG EB Grid

Solar panel
SMPS AMF Panel Controller & GSM/GPRS Modem

Solar Charge Controller Battery bank

Change Over switch




DC Load
Control & Measurement Bus

AC Load

Battery Management & Control System. High Efficiency

High Reliability, N+1 Redundancy Modularity

Remote Monitoring, NOCC Center Alerts and Triggers

Roof-top Grid Connected Systems

Islanding Creating Virtual Grid DG Set compatibility

Net Metering Feed-in Tariff

Grid Stability Grid Availability

Su-Kam Solar Energy Products

1. Solar Home Lighting System. 2. Stand-alone Solar Power Systems for households. 3. Grid-Connected Solar Power Systems for household and small establishments 4. Solar Powered Street Lighting Systems. 5. Solar Powered Water Heaters for households 6. Solar Powered Tube-wells. 7. Solar Powering and Management Systems for Cellular Mobile Towers. 8. Solar Powering and Management Systems for Rural ATM machines.

Su-Kams Completed Project Rural Solar Home Lighting Systems

1.2 3.6W DC Consumption 100 - 300 Lumens

Su-Kams Ongoing Projects Solar LED Lighting Solutions

Essential Features : More than 3 days of autonomy Automatic Dusk to Dawn Controller (DTDC) / Timer operation Highly efficient charge controller Temperature compensated set points Weather proof luminaries All necessary protection UV stabilized bowl and canopy Anodized aluminum reflectors

7.2 14.4W DC Consumption 600-1200 Lumens

Su-Kams Completed Projects Standalone Solar Power Systems for Households

PV Module




Solar Inverter Available in 250VA, 400VA, 650VA, 850VA, 1500VA packages! Battery


Su-Kams Completed Projects Standalone Solar Power Systems for Households

Su-Kams Ongoing Projects MCD Aap Ke Dwaar

Su-Kam Solar PCU Range: 1 to 10 KVA

Solar powering of 2000 Information Kiosks for Municipal Corporation of Delhi, New Delhi

Su-Kams Completed Projects ...

6 KW Hybrid Solar Powering of Telecom Site in Uganda

Power Back-up for Telecom

Major Clients:

Su-Kams Ongoing Projects Solar Powering of ATM Machines

State Bank of Patiala ATM, Sangrur, Punjab Turnkey Solution for Hybrid Solar-Grid powering.

Su-Kams Completed Projects ...

40 KW Solar Inverter at Brahma Kumaris Ashram, Manesar Three Phase Solar Inverter Range with Grid Charging: 10 to 100 KW

Su-Kams Ongoing Projects Grid-Connected Solar Power Systems for household and small establishments

Grid-tied Solar Inverter

Grid-tied Solar Inverter Available from 3 KW 10 KW

Su-Kam Solar Products

Solar Panels
Solar HF Inverters Solar Charge Controllers Solar Power Conditioning Units (PCU)

SMF Battery (7.2 200AH)

Solar Inverter 3P (till 100KW)

Solar Inverter 1P (till 10KW)

Monitoring Software

Su-Kams Valued Clients

Testing Standards / Accreditation Agencies

Testing Accreditation
NABL, Solar Energy Center, Fraunhofer Institute, Intertek

IEC PV BoS Standards

IEC 61727 PV Systems - Characteristics of the Utility Interface. <10KW PV systems connected to low voltage grid. Safety of Static Inverters. Comparable to UL 1741. Mechanical and Electrical safety aspects Testing procedure of Islanding Prevention Methods for UtilityInteractive PV Inverters Electrical Installations of Buildings: Requirements for Solar PV power supply systems

G83/1 Engineering Recommendation

For Small Scale Embedded Generator Main focus on Power Quality Parameters Voltage & Frequency Range Flicker, DC injection Harmonics and PF Loss of Mains test Under / Over Voltage: 207V / 264V Under / Over Frequency: 47Hz / 50.5Hz

IEC 62109
IEC 62116 IEC 60364

Customize the PV Inverter testing standards for India

Focus on new technologies

Multi-string inverters - a single inverter to convert power input from several module strings, reducing inverter costs for PV systems. Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT) for each string, ensuring maximum energy yield. Modularity and N+1 redundancy Improve MTBF to give better reliability Improved Higher KVA product range. Minor KVA adjustments in the lower end inverters. HF Solar Inverters Micro inverters for maximizing the efficiency. Grid Interactive solar Inverters to be a part of the solar Power generation play will be the dominant business in the coming years

R&D: Center of Excellence in PV at IIT-Mumbai - Network of CoEs MNREs PV Research Council Industry Experts, Scientists, Researchers, Reps CIIE at IIM, Ahmadabad Innumerable Solar start-ups Future Needs: Need to create critical mass of researchers Fill the link between lab to plant Pre-competitive collaborative research thru open domain or consortium model Cost Effective Power Electronics MPPTs, Micro Inverters. Special Focus on Batteries and storage technologies Innovative solutions esp. Business models

Solar Inverter R&D, Future Needs

1st Generation Early adoption, Technology proofing. 2nd Generation Repeatability, Efficiency. 3rd Generation Scaling-up.

Summing Up
OPPORTUNITY: Indias National Solar Mission: To set up a capacity of solar power generation of 20000 MW by 2022 Seen as the long term solution to Indias power deficit Total Capital Outlay at Todays Prices for adding 20,000MW Capacity is INR 4 lakh crores (USD 90 Billion)! Share of Electronics (Balance of System) alone will be Rs 80000 Crores (US $20 Billion)! CHALLENGES: Need unique solution for India for grid-tie inverters. Grid is unstable and isnt available most of the time. Doesnt comply to any of the known specifications. Need Solar Charge Controllers that can take advantage of the existing Inverters / HUPS that are already installed for off-grid applications. Need low-cost, high-efficiency charge controllers (MPPT?) that can work with wide-variety of batteries. Inverters (Solar / Otherwise) are still designed with chips designed for motor control application. Need Inverter specific solution (Input PFC, Battery monitoring/algorithms, Charge current/mains sense, Power device drivers etc)