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BASIC CLASS

CHAPTER 6
INTRODUCTION TO INTERNET

Projek dibawah:

TCENTER FOR TELEWORKING & TELECOMMUTING

Skill Training for Teleworkers

Introduction to the Internet

The Internet is a worldwide network of networks that allows us, the users, to Inter-Relate, Communicate, and Educate. Think of it as a system of roads, freeways, and bridges. All computer users connected to this "network of networks" is what makes up the Internet. The Internet itself does not store information. The Internet was originated by the US Department of Defense in 1960's. This was to keep military, universities, and defense contractors linked together in the event of war. In the early days, what we call the Internet was then known as ARPANet (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network).

Main Keywords Associated With Internet

Web Browser

Web Browsers are programs you use to view the Internet. There are two main Web Browsers, Microsoft Internet Explorer, and Netscape Navigator. The program we will be using to view the Internet is Microsoft Internet Explorer. A Website is a place within the Internet that contains multiple "Webpages". For example the Bay City Public Schools is a "Website", while this Internet Tutorial Page you are viewing is a "Webpage".

Website vs. Webpage

URL

URL is the address of a website or webpage. The URL for the main BC Schools website is http://www.bcschools.net/. This is the address that you would type in the address bar at the top of Internet Explorer to go to BC School's main page.

Main Keywords Associated With Internet

HTML

HTML is an Internet programming language that is used to create webpages. Most pages you see on the Internet are HTML pages.

Hyperlink

A Hyperlink is a string of text or a picture that takes you to another part of a webpage or another website/webpage. It is nothing more than a transport to somewhere else. Hyperlinks are usually a different font color and are underlined. You can notice a hyperlink by scrolling your mouse over the words and/or pictures and viewing

Searching the Internet

There are many search engines throughout the Internet that allow you to type in a word or phrase to search millions of websites. Below are a list of the most popular search engines found on the Internet. Simply click on the title of each search engine to go to that site. Yahoo!

You can browse Yahoo! by simply clicking on the various categories listed on each page. You can also search Yahoo! by entering a word (or, a few words) into the search box that appears on every page in the directory. Combine the two strategies and you can "browse and then search" or "search and then browse."

Altavista

Altavista is a popular search engine that you can browse by simply entering in text and/or text phrase on what you are looking for. Altavista also allows you to search by category.

Infoseek

Infoseek works much the same as Yahoo! and Altavista. You can select categories, and/or search by keyword or phrases.

Viewing & Saving Graphics On The Internet

Graphical images make your web page come alive. Images give personality and pizzazz to your site. Graphics viewed on the web come from two different types of files,( .jpg and .gif) . JPG pictures are more compressed whereas GIF files show more detail and in some cases show animation. GIF files also allow for transparent backgrounds.
JPG Graphic GIF Animation Graphic GIF Transparent Graphic

With Transparency

Without Transparency

Viewing & Saving Graphics On The Internet

Saving Graphics Off The Internet


Move your mouse over the image you want to save Right click on your mouse Select Save Picture As..

Save it to the folder you desire Click Save

ONLINE SEARCHING STRATEGY


Keywords synonym thesaurus Boolean Operators/Connectors

Search Strategy

Question
I

want to find information on popular methods of losing weight.

Identify the main concept, identify the terms/keywords describe the concept
I

want to find information on popular methods of losing weight.

Search Strategy

Find the synonym/additional keywords


- common, favorite methods - methods, ways, techniques losing - lose, reducing, reduce, reduction weight - fat, dieting, diet
popular

BOOLEAN OPERATORS

The Boolean operators AND, OR, and NOT are used to combine keywords which lead to more precise results in database searching.

AND

popular

method

It will retrieve records/articles which contain both words Good for narrowing your searches

popular method popular AND method

783,447 962,165

1,677

OR

popular method

It will locate all records containing either the word popular" or the word method" -- not necessarily both. Good for broadening your searches
783,447
962,165

popular
method popular OR method

1,879,342

NOT

popular

method

A search for popular NOT method will retrieve records containing the word popular but NOT the word method" Good for narrowing your searches

popular method popular NOT method

783,447 962,165

87,987