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A research report , dissertation , or a thesis ,consists of the following three section: 1. The preliminaries 2. The text and 3.

The reference matter

The Preliminaries include the informative ,materials which serve as guide to the text of the paper . It consists of the following components: 1. The title page 2. Table of contents 3. List of tables and/or illustration 4. Preface including acknowledgements 5. List of abbreviation

The first page of the report is the title page. The title page could carry a concise and adequately descriptive title of the research study. The title should not claim more for the study than it actually delivers. Although title page format differ from one institution to another , they usually include : a) the name of the topic , b) the relationship of the report to a course or the academic degree for which the degree is conferred, c) the name of the author, d) the name of the institution where the report is to be submitted, and e) the date of presentation of the report

The entire title should be typed in all capital letters, single spaced and centered between the right and left margins of the page.

a preface include the reasons why , in the first place the topic was selected by researcher . Acknowledgement is used for expressing the gratitude to every one by name, who had helped the author in the completion of the paper , in obtaining the information needed.

The purpose of table of content is to provide an outline of the content of report. It appears after the preface / acknowledgement On the right hand side one should type the heading page at the right margin, below which page numbers will appear. Main heading should be in capital letters without closing punctuation

Text or main body of the report is the heart of the research report .this must posses following qualities: 1. Objectivity is a must for any exposition presented on any subject to have greater value. 2. Clarity is another quality which makes an exposition persuasive and interesting. it makes the presentation readable and intelligible. 3. Conciseness is the quality which makes the presentation sweet & short; though one could have collected a lot of materials on the subject treated, while synthesizing the results one has to avoid in the actual presentation all the unnecessary materials, digressions and irrelevant information. As the text contains quotation , footnotes, tables and illustration , in addition to the text proper .

Its the opening section of the text. If its short , the writer may prefer to head it simply introduction & reserve the more formal heading chapter for the longer section of which the main body of the paper is composed. The word INTRODUCTION is typed in all capitals and with no terminal punctuation and with no serial number. It should appear at the centre and on the tenth line at the top of the page. The text follow three lines below the heading & the contextual matter is doubled space.

All the parts are given serial numbers serially and preceded by half a title page . The word part is typed in all capitals and centered on the tenth line from top of the page. Three lines below the part number , the heading of the part is typed all in capitals and centered. No terminal punctuation is used after the number, or after the heading

Every chapter should have its own heading and a serial number The numbers and heading must have the same sequence and the wordings as indicated in the table of content . The chapter heading which gives an indication of the contents ,should follow three lines below the chapter number and should be typed in the centre and in all capitals.

The section heading being the second level of division of text, is centered, three lines of the preceding lines of text or the heading. Only initial letter of the word and of significant word is capitalized. The subsection heading is the third level division of the text. The subsection is all in capitals.

This is the fourth level heading of the text . It has its number after the sub section number, and is identified five spaces from the left margin of the page to make a paragraph. It should be underlined , in order to distinguished the heading from text, that follows it on the same line, and has a full stop at the end of heading.

1st level: chapter heading- centered heading capitals 2nd level: section heading-centered heading ,lower case 3rd level: subsection heading side heading capitals 4th level: paragraph heading-side heading indented, lower case. 5th level: headings with a paragraph headed underlined

In general, direct quotation should correspond exactly with the original in wording , spelling, capitalization and punctuation. Direct quotation other then block quotation require double quotation marks at beginning and end.

Footnotes are the references which give additional information to clarify some point in the text and to indicate the source of information. Usually the footnotes are given at the bottom of the page itself. Its used when information cannot incorporated in the text without interfering with its continuity and flow. After a contextual matter , which is referred to by a footnote , the footnote number is marked. It should appear one half a space above the line of text and is placed after a word with no intervening space.

The tables contain the data arrangement in systematic order with columns and rows and presented within a short space. There are three types of table numerical, descriptive, and genological. Every table should be numbered, the word TABLE is centered and typed in all capitals. Every table should have the number of its own, a caption indicating the contents.

The illustration contains additional information to clarify what has been told in the text and helps the reader easily to situate the content studied. They may consists of charts , diagrams, graphs, maps and photographs. Every illustration has a number preceded by the word Fig.



A Paper Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of Bachelor of Theology

St Peters Pontifical Institute of Theology Banglore-560 055. 2010


PREFACE, OR ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ....... ii INTRODUCTION .............................. n CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 1 .......... n CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 2 .......... n CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 3 .......... n CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 4 .......... n CHAPTER NAME, OR MAIN IDEA 5 .......... n APPENDIX ........................................... n SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY


I Illustration 1 ................................. n II Illustration 2 ................................ n III Illustration 3 ................................ n IV Illustration 4 ............................... n V Illustration 5 ................................ n