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Types of Merchant Ships - Introduction-

A ship

Basic vocabulary 1
Write definitions for the words below:

Radar Pilot house (wheelhouse) Upper deck Capstan

Basic vocabulary 1
Radar: apparatus that detects objects through the use of microwaves.
Pilot house: a room in the superstructure containing navigation and steering equipment. Upper deck: higher deck on a ship.

Capstan: vertical axled winch that can be used to apply force to a cable, rope, etc.

Basic vocabulary 2
Write definitions for the words below:

Hawsehole (hawsepipe) Anchor Bow Bulwark

Flagpole
Boom

Basic vocabulary 2
Hawsehole (hawsepipe): opening in the front of a ship for anchor cables. Anchor: a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving. Bow: part at the front of a boat that cleaves the water. Bulwark: protective rim of the upper deck. Flagpole: post used to hoist flags. Boom: post used to load and unload goods.

Classification of ships according to what they carry or jobs they perform


PEOPLE Cruise liner Passenger liner Hydrofoil Hovercraft

Passenger Liner

Cruise Liner

Hydrofoil

Basic Vocabulary 3
Write definitions for the words below:

Hydrofoil boat

Stern
Stack Windlass

Basic Vocabulary 3
Hydrofoil boat: high-speed ship which lifts above the

water surface at speed. Stern: the rear part of a ship Stack (funnel): conical shaped structure consisting of a shaft for ventilation and the passage of smoke . Windlass: horizontal axled winch that is used to hoist an anchor.

Hovercraft

Hovercraft

Basic vocabulary 4
Write definitions for the words below:

Hovercraft

Rudder
Gearbox

Basic vocabulary 4
Hovercraft: transport vehicle that moves on a cushion of air.
Rudder: apparatus for turning the boat. Gearbox: device which reduces or multiplies angular velocity.

Combined / mixed types


Passenger Car ferry
General cargo ship Ro-Ro passenger ship

Ferry

Special purpose ship


Oil tanker (ULCC, VLCC)
Chemical carrier LPG carrier LNG carrier FPSO (Floating production storage and offloading)

Oil tanker (side view)

Oil tanker 1
oil tanker = petroleum tanker
designed for the bulk transport of oil Basic types: Crude tanker (carries large quantities of unrefined oil from its point of extraction to refineries) Product tanker (smaller / carries petrochemicals from refineries to points near consuming markets)

Oil tanker 2
VLC very large crude carrier (200,000 300,000 dwt)

ULCC ultra large crude carrier (> 300,000 dwt)

Chemical carrier
= type of tanker designed to transport chemicals in

bulk
has separate cargo tanks - coated

LPG carrier

LNG carrier

FPSO

FPSO
= floating production, storage and offloading
used by the offshore industry for processing

hydrocarbons and storage of oil


hydrocarbons produced from nearyby platforms are

received, processed, stored, offloaded

Special purpose ship


Container ship
Ro-Ro ship Car carrier Bulk carrier

Container ship

Container ship
rapid growth ofcontainer transport
cargo can be transported from customer to customer TEU (twenty feet equivalent unit) FEU (forty feet equivalent unit)

Ro Ro ship

Ro-Ro ship
roll on / roll off
wheeled cargo (automobiles, trucks, etc.) ramps

Bulk carrier

Bulk carrier
carries unpackaged bulk cargo (grain, coal, ore,

cement) in cargo holds


bulk cargo can be dense, corrosive and abrasive ->

cargo shifting ; spontaneous combustion

Basic vocabulary 5
Write definitions for the words below:

Navigation bridge

Container
Loading crane Bulbous bow

Basic vocabulary 5
Navigation bridge: raised platform from which a vessel is controlled.
Container: standard sized boxlike object used for transporting goods. Loading crane: apparatus used to lift and operate cargo (containers).

Bulbous bow: a protruding bulb at the bow of a ship just below the waterline.

Special purpose vessels


Harbour tug
Ocean -going tug Supplier Dredger LASH ship Heavy-lift vessel

Tugboat

Tugboat
highly manoeuverable
powerful for their size / strongly built

Supplier

Supplier
= supply ship
designed to supply offshore oil platforms transports goods and personnel to and from offshore

oil platforms

Grab dredger

Grab dredger
used to maintain or deepen channels and fairways

LASH SHIP
Lighter aboard ship
Loading of barges (lighters)

Heavy-lift vessel

Heavy-lift vessel
moves vary large loads that cannot be handled by

normally equipped ships


semi-submersible

Special purpose vessels


Cablelayer
Icebreaker Oil drilling vessel Research ship

Icebreaker

Icebreaker
hulls which are strengthened for navigation in ice
reinforced stem

Fishing vessels
Trawler
Freezer trawler Fishery factory ship Whale ship Whale factory ship

Trawler

Trawler
engaged in all-the-year-round fishing

must therefore be a strong, sturdy vessel able to work in the worst of weather

Freezer trawler
can remain at sea for many weeks longer than this as

the catch is sorted, washed, gutted and then frozen into about 40 kg-blocks and retained at a temperature of about -28C, until port is reached.

Fish factory
the catch is not only cleaned and gutted, but also

filleted, skinned and processed ready for the market