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GSM MS Behaviors in Idle Mode

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Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Foreword

Once the MS is power on and there is a live network exist, the MS will be in either idle mode or dedicated mode. In idle mode, the MS has no dedicated connection with network, but it is still controlled by the many parameters and functions in the system. The MS behaviors in idle mode include:

System information reception Cell selection and reselection Location update Paging processing Access processing.

There are also some other parameters to be introduced which is related with the future processing of network access.

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page1

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Describe the working principles of the MS Behaviors in Idle


Mode feature

Perform parameters modification of the MS Behaviors in Idle

Mode feature

Get to know other parameters which related with the future processing after network access.

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

Contents
1. System Information Reception 2. Cell Selection 3. Cell Reselection 4. Location Update

5. Paging Processing
6. Access Processing 7. Other parameters

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

System Information Reception

By reading system information, MS can access the network, perform cell selection and reselection, fully utilize various services provided by the network, and achieve favorable cooperation with the network. System information (SYS INFO) contains network parameters sent to MS through Um interface

network identity parameters cell selection parameters system control parameters network function parameters

System information can be sent through two kinds of logical channels


System information on BCCH System information on SACCH

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Page4

SYS INFO 1

SYS INFO 1

It contains random access control information (RACH) and cell frequency allocation table (i.e. CA table). It is transmitted on BCCH.

Content

SYS INFO 1

Cell Channel Description (cell channel description format)

RACH Control Parameter

(random access channel control parameter)

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Page5

SYS INFO 2

SYS INFO 2

It contains access control information (RACH), network color code permitted

(NCC Permitted), and neighbor cell frequency allocation list (BA1 list). It is
transmitted on BCCH. Generally speaking, SYS INFO 2, 2BIS, 2TER contains different parts of the neighbor cells BCCH frequencies. Via reading and decoding BA1 list, MS can perform cell reselection in idle mode. For a MS of GSM900 PHASE I, it only reads the neighbor cell BCCH frequencies defined in

SYS INFO 2, and ignores those carried by 2BIS and 2TER.

Content

SYS INFO 2

Neighbor Cell BCCH Frequency Description

NCC Permitted
RACH Control Parameter

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Page6

SYS INFO 2BIS

SYS INFO 2BIS

2BIS contains RACH control data and neighbor cells BCCH

frequencies (part of BA1 list). It is optional and transmitted on BCCH.


As the number of frequencies in BA1 list carried by SYS INFO 2 is limited, SYS INFO 2BIS carries the rest of the BCCH frequencies in the BA1 list that are from the same band as in SYS INFO 2.

Content

SYS INFO 2BIS

Neighbor Cell Description. RACH Control Parameter (Same as those in SYS INFO 1)

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Page7

SYS INFO 2TER

SYS INFO 2TER

2TER contains neighbor BCCH frequencies (part of BA1 list). It is transmitted on BCCH. Only dual band MS can read this information, and single band 900 or 1800 MS will ignore it. Since this information carries BCCH frequencies that belong to different band other than

those in SYS INFO 2, it is unnecessary for single band MS to read.

Content

SYS INFO 2TER

Neighbor Cell Description (extended)

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Page8

SYS INFO 3

SYS INFO 3

It contains LAI, cell identity, RACH control parameters and cell selection related parameters. It is transmitted on BCCH. It is one of the most important information.

Content

SYS INFO 3

Cell Identity
LAI (location area identity) Control Channel Description Cell Option

Cell Selection Parameter


RACH Control Parameter

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Page9

SYS INFO 4

SYS INFO 4

It consists LAI, RACH control parameters, cell selection parameters and optional CBCH channel information. It is transmitted on BCCH. When the cell supports cell broadcast function, CBCH together with CBCH MA describe the configuration of CBCH the relevant frequency information.

Content

SYS INFO 4

LAI Cell Selection Parameter RACH Control Parameter CBCH Channel Description (optional) CBCH Mobile Allocation (optional) SI4 Rest Octets (parameters related to cell reselection)

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Page10

SYS INFO 5

SYS INFO 5

It describes the neighbor cell BCCH frequencies(BA2 list). It is mandatory and is transmitted on SACCH. Different from SYS INFO 2, MS can read the frequency described in SYS INFO 5 in dedicated mode, report the relevant information of neighbor cells in measurement reports, and use it as the basis for handover. Similarly, for 900 MS of PHASE 1, it only recognizes the neighbor cell frequencies described by SYS INFO 5, and ignores those carried by SYS INFO 5BIS and 5TER.

Content

SYS INFO 5

Neighbor Cell Description

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Page11

SYS INFO 5BIS

SYS INFO 5BIS

5BIS describes neighbor cells BCCH frequencies.These frequencies are part of BA2 list. It is optional and is transmitted on SACCH. Generally, as the number of frequencies which can be described by SYS INFO 5 is limited, SYS INFO 5BIS carries the rest BCCH

frequencies in the BA2 which belong to the same band as SYS INFO
5.

Content

SYS INFO 5BIS

Neighbor Cell Description

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Page12

SYS INFO 5TER

SYS INFO 5TER

5TER describes neighbor cells BCCH frequencies, these frequencies are also a part of the BA2 list. It is transmitted on SACCH. Similarly, only dual band MS can read this information, and single band GSM900 or GSM1800 MS will ignore it. It carries the BCCH

frequencies of neighbor cells whose band are different from the


serving cells.

Content

SYS INFO 5TER

Neighbor Cell Description (Extended)

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Page13

SYS INFO 6

SYS INFO 6

It describes LAI, cell identity, and some parameters describing the cells functions. It is transmitted on SACCH. It is also one of the most important system information.

Content

SYS INFO 6

Cell Identity LAI Cell Option NCC Permitted

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Page14

Contents
1. System Information Reception 2. Cell Selection 3. Cell Reselection 4. Location Update

5. Paging Processing
6. Access Processing 7. Other parameters

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page15

Cell Selection/Reselection Parameters


RXLEV-ACCESS-MIN MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH CBQ (Cell_Bar_Qualify) CBA (Cell_Bar_Access) CRO (Cell Reselection Offset) TO (Temporary Offset) PT (Penalty Time) PI (Cell Reselect Parameters Indication)

CRH ( Cell Reselection Hysteresis)

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page16

Cell Selection Process

There are two kinds of cell selection

Stored list cell selection


Normal cell selection

In fact, the process might be different for different MSs

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Page17

Stored List Cell Selection


Search BCCH frequency which has been stored Try the frequencies in the BA list of the stored frequency one by one
YES

Is it a BCCH carrier? No

Decode SCH, read cell para. on BCCH

No

Try all the frequencies stored?

No

Right PLMN&C1>0& priority is not prohibited ?


YES

Normal Cell Selection

Come into idle mode

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Page18

Normal Cell Selection


Search all frequency Rank according to receiving level Select the frequency with the highest Rx_level Select the next frequency with the higher Rx_level No Is it a BCCH carrier? Stay in a cell(RX-LEV is strongest, C1>0 , cell priority is not prohibited) without considering the PLMN

YES

Decode SCH, read cell para. on BCCH

Right PLMN&C1>0& priority is Normal ? All frequency not satisfy Come into idle mode
YES

YES

No Emergency call mode

Right PLMN&C1>0& priority is Low ? No

No

All frequency not satisfy


YES

Try the cell of other PLMN allowed in the SIM card No

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Page19

PLMN Selection Parameter


CGI=MCC+MNC+LAC+CI Once MS receives SYS INFO, it decodes the CGI information, and decides whether it can stay in the cell according to the MCC and MNC indicated by CGI.

At the same time, it judges whether the current location area is

changed, so as to decide whether to execute location update.


During the location update process, MS will report the new LAI to the network, so that the network can know the LA in which MS is currently located.

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Page20

Cell Selection Parameter


C1 indicates the path loss criterion of cell selection. C1 of the serving cell must be greater than 0. It is calculated as follows: C1 = RXLEV - RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN - MAX((MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH - P), 0) In the case of a DCS1800 class 3 MS, C1 is calculated as follows: C1 = RXLEV - RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN - MAX((MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH +

POWER_OFFSET - P), 0)
RXLEV indicates the average receive level of the MS RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN indicates the minimum receive level required for the MS to access the network. MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH indicates the maximum transmit power allowed for the MS to access the network. POWER_OFFSET indicates PWRDIV of the MS. P indicates the maximum output power of the MS.

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page21

RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN

Parameter ID: RXMIN Value Range: 0~63 (-110 dBm ~ -47 dBm) Default Value: 8 Description: Minimum received signal level of the MS. This parameter specifies the minimum receive level of an MS to access the BSS. For details. see GSM Rec. 05.08.

MML: SET GCELLBASICPARA

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Page22

MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH

Parameter ID: FMSMAXOPCC Value Range: 0~19 Unit: level Default Value: 5 (900MHz cell),0 (1800/1900MHz cell) Description: This parameter determines the maximum transmit power level of the MS when it begins to access a cell and has not yet received power control command.

MML: SET GCELLCCCH

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Page23

CBA (Cell Bar Access)


Parameter ID: CBA Value Range: No, Yes Default Value: No Description: Cell_Bar_Access, worked together with CBQ to set

the priority status of the cell in idle mode for cell selection and
reselection.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

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Page25

CBQ (Cell Bar Qualify)

Parameter ID: CBQ


Value Range: No, Yes Default Value: No

Description: Cell_Bar_Qualify. CBQ only affects the cell


selection, but is not related to cell reselection. It works with CBA to define the access priorities of cells.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page26

Application of CBA and CBQ


CBA No
Yes No

CBQ No
No Yes

Cell Selection Priority

Cell Reselection Priority

Normal
Forbidden Low

Normal
Forbidden Normal

Yes

Yes

Low

Normal

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Page27

Application of CBA and CBQ

The traffic of cell A and B is heavy. Set these two cells with CBA=Yes, CBQ=No.

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Page28

Application of CBA and CBQ

A B

B is a micro cell. Set B to Normal and A to Low.

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Page29

Contents
1. System Information Reception 2. Cell Selection 3. Cell Reselection 4. Location Update

5. Paging Processing
6. Access Processing 7. Other parameters

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page30

Cell Reselection

Under certain condition, MS will select a neighbor cell as its new serving cell, this procedure is called cell reselection.

The possible neighbor cells information in idle mode are held in BA1 table, which will be broadcasted to MS via BCCH.

Those for dedicated mode ones are held in BA2 table, which will be broadcasted to MS via SACCH.

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Page31

Normal Neighbor Cells

B A D C A

B C D
Actual Neighbor Cells

Theoretical Neighbor Cells

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Page32

Special Neighbor Cells

B
A

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Page33

Forced Cell Reselection

Forced cell reselection will be triggered under the follow conditions:

Current serving cell is prohibited Down link of serving cell fails: DSC=0 C1 is less than 0 continuously for 5s The access times exceed the value of parameter MSMAXRETRAN

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Page34

Normal Cell Reselection

When there is no abnormal situation happened, MS will trigger normal cell reselection as described below:

Cell reselection for cells in the same location area

If the C2 value of the target cell is higher than that of the serving cell for longer than 5 seconds, a cell reselection process will be performed and the MS tunes to the new cell.

Cell reselection for cells in different location areas

If the C2 value of the target cell is higher than that of the serving cell by at least the value of CRH for longer than 5 seconds, a location update process and the cell reselection process will be performed.

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page35

Cell Reselection Parameter


C2=C1+CRO-TO*H(PT-T) C2=C1-CRO When PT is not equal to 31 When PT is equal to 31

For neighbor cell:


H(PT-T)=0, when PT-T<0 H(PT-T)=1, when PT-T 0

For serving cell:


H(PT-T) = 0

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Page36

CRO(Cell Reselect Offset)


Parameter ID: CRO


Value Range: 0~63( the corresponding level value: 0~126dB, stepped every 2dB).

Unit: 2dB Default Value: 0 Description: Cell Reselect Offset. It is a parameter in C2

calculation to give an intentional modification in MS cell


reselection. MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

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Page37

TO(Cell Reselect Temporary Offset)


Parameter ID: TO Value Range: 0~7 (the corresponding value is 0~60dB, 7

corresponds to Infinite).

Default Value: 0 Description: Cell Reselect Temporary Offset. It is a parameter in

C2 criterion to give a temporary modification within PT time.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEAD

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Page38

PT(Cell Reselect Penalty Time)


Parameter ID: PT Value Range: 0~30(the corresponding time is 20~620s), 31(reserved for changing the effect of CRO on C2) Unit: Second Default Value: 0 Description: Cell Reselect Penalty Time. It is used to ensure the safety and validity of cell reselection because it helps to avoid frequent cell reselection.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEAD

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Page39

PI(Cell Reselect Parameters Indication)


Parameter ID: PI Value Range: Yes , No

Default Value: Yes


Description: Cell Reselect Parameters Indication (PI), sent on the broadcast channel, indicates whether "Cell Reselect Offset

(CRO)", "Cell Reselect Temporary Offset (TO)" in the "SET


GCELLIDLEAD" command, and "Cell Reselect Penalty Time (PT)" are used.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

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Page40

CRH(Cell Reselect Hysteresis)


Parameter ID: CRH Value Range: 0~14, the step size is 2dB Unit: dB Default Value: 6

Description: Cell Reselection Hysteresis. It is the parameter used


when cell reselection happens between two location areas.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page41

Question

One MS is switched on. The parameters of the MS and cells shown on the next slide.

Other given conditions:

Rx_Lev_Access_Min = 8 (-102 dBm) MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH=5 (for every cell)

Please give the answers for following questions:

Which cells will be selected after the MS is powered on ? Which cell will be selected after cell reselect (suppose the current serving cell is H)?

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Page42

Question
1800MHZ RXLev= -66dBm CBA=No, CBQ=No PI=Yes PT=1 CRO=6 MCC=460 CRH=6dB TO=6 MNC=01

900MHZ RXLev= -58dBm CBA=No, CBQ=No PI=Yes PT=0 CRO=5 MCC=460 CRH=4dB TO=7 MNC=99

900MHZ RXLev= -64dBm CBA=Yes, CBQ=Yes PI=No PT=1 CRO=0 MCC=460 CRH=6dB TO=6 MNC=01

MS

1800MHZ RXLev= -78dBm CBA=No, CBQ=No PI=Yes PT=0 CRO=4 MCC=460 CRH=4dB TO=6 MNC=01

900MHZ RXLev= -65dBm CBA=No, CBQ=No PI=No PT=0 CRO=2 MCC=460 CRH=12dB TO=6 MNC=01

F
Dual Band IMSI 460010000032093

900MHZ RXLev= -62dBm CBA=Yes, CBQ=Yes PI=Yes PT=0 CRO=3 MCC=460 CRH=6dB TO=6 MNC=01

LAC border

900MHZ RXLev= -59dBm CBA=No, CBQ=Yes PI=Yes PT=0 CRO=10 MCC=460 CRH=6dB TO=7 MNC=01

1800MHZ RXLev= -75dBm CBA=No, CBQ=No PI=Yes PT=1 CRO=10 MCC=460 CRH=0dB TO=6 MNC=01

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Page43

Contents
1. System Information Reception 2. Cell Selection 3. Cell Reselection 4. Location Update

5. Paging Processing
6. Access Processing 7. Other parameters

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Page44

Definition of Location Update

Inform the system the LA (Location Area) where the MS is located.

Normal location update

Period location update


Attach

LA 1

LA 2

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Page45

Period of Periodic Location Update(T3212)


Parameter ID: T3212 Value Range: 0~255 Unit: 6 minutes Default Value: 20 Description: It is the Periodic Location Update Timer. It defines the interval of periodic location update.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

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Page46

Procedure of Periodic Location Update

MSC

reset

reset

reset

BSC

MS

1 Hour

1 Hour

1 Hour

++ +

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Page47

Abnormal Occasion
The subscriber you dialed has been powered off

But I am always powered on

LA 1 LA 2 LA 3

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Page48

Reason1 of Abnormal Occasion

MSC

BSC

MS

1 Hour

1 Hour

1 Hour

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Page49

Reason2 of Abnormal Occasion

MSC

BSC

MS

1 Hour

1 Hour

1 Hour

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Reason3 of Abnormal Occasion


LAC Ping-pong Reselect A T3212=4 B T3212=8

Even if T3212 setting is less than the system (MSC) query time, the system will still sometimes voice The subscriber you dialed is powered off.
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ATT (Attach-detach Allowed)


Parameter ID: ATT Value Range: Yes, No Default ValueYes Description: It is Attach-detach allowed. It is used to inform MS

whether IMSI attach-detach is allowed in this cell. If it is set to


Yes, the network will not process the connection to the called mobile subscriber when MS is power-off. Thus network processing time and radio resources are saved. Otherwise the network will process the connection even though the MS has been powered off. MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC
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Abnormal Occasions

What will happen if MS is powered off in a cell with ATT=yes and then powered on in a new cell with ATT=no in the same LAC?

Then what will happen if MS is powered on in a cell with ATT=yes and then powered off in a cell with ATT=no in the same LAC?
What will happen if the two cells belong to different LAC?

LAC

Powered off

Powered on

ATT=yes

ATT=no

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page53

Contents
1. System Information Reception 2. Cell Selection 3. Cell Reselection 4. Location Update

5. Paging Processing
6. Access Processing 7. Other parameters

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page54

Paging Resources

Paging messages are delivered on PCH channel which


belongs to CCCH, then how many CCCH and PCH channels are configured? How about the paging performance?

Downlink CCCH

Uplink CCCH

PCH

AGCH

NCH

RACH

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Page55

Paging Resources

What kind of CCCH channels are configured?

Decided by parameter: CCCH Conf

How many CCCH blocks are used for PCH in one 51 multi-frame?

Decided by parameter: BSAGBLKSRES (CCCH Blocks Reserved for AGCH)

How many 51 multi-frame is one paging cycle?

Decided by parameter: BS_PA_MFRMS

How does the MS know which PCH block belongs to it?

Calculated by CCCH grouping and IMSI of MS

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Page56

CCCH Conf

Value Range: 1 Compounding CCCH , 1 Non-Compounding CCCH, 2 Non-Compounding CCCHs, 3 Non-compounding CCCHs, 4 Noncompounding CCCHs.

Default Value: When there is one TRX in the cell, one combined CCCH is recommended (in a system with few paging messages in location area). For others, it is configured according to the number of TRX in the cell.

Description: It is Common Control Channel Configuration. CCCH configuration determines the capacity of PCH, AGCH and RACH. This parameter can be automatically configured by system according to the

TRX channel configuration.

Location: This parameter depend on channel configuration

MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC


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BSAGBLKSRES (CCCH Blocks Reserved for


AGCH)

Parameter ID: BSAGBLKSRES Value Range: 0~7 (Non-Compounding CCCHs), 0~2 (1 combined

CCCH)

Unit: Block Default Value: 2 (Non-combined CCCH), 1(1 combined CCCH)

Description: BS-AG-BLKS-RES, indicating the number of the


CCCH message blocks reserved for the AGCH. After the CCCHs are configured, the value of this parameter indicates the actual seizure rates of the AGCHs and the PCHs over the CCCHs. MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

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Page58

BSPAMFRAMS (Multi-Frames in a Cycle on the


Paging CH)

Parameter ID: BSPAMFRAMS Value Range: 2~9 Unit: Multi-frame period (51 frames) Default Value: 2 Multi-frame period Description: It is Paging Channel Multi-frames. It defines the number of multi-frames used as a cycle of paging sub-channels.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

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Page59

Example of Paging Group


AGCH AGCH PCH1

The PCH10 2 First AGCH AGCH . Paging 1 Non-Compounding CCCH PCH Nthe Nth paging channel . BS_AG_BLKS_RES=2 period BS_PA_MFRAMES= 8 Multi-frame period .(51 frames)
.

8 Multiframe form one period

AGCH AGCH AGCH AGCH PCH1

PCH56

8 9

The second AGCH AGCH Paging period


AGCH AGCH
. . . .

PCH10
. . . . PCH56 . . . .

10

16
. . . .

MSA

MS B

MS C

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Page60

Contents
1. System Information Reception 2. Cell Selection 3. Cell Reselection 4. Location Update

5. Paging Processing
6. Access Processing 7. Other Parameters

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Page61

Overview of Network Access

Network access is a relay procedure for MS from idle mode to dedicated mode.

Normal reasons of network access include:

Originated call setup Paging response Location update SMS

Network access of MS will be controlled by system with the help of some parameters which will be introduced detailed later.

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Page62

Random Access of MS

Below show us the procedure of MS random access to network


Time

16 BCCH TS 0 R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Uplink

1718 19

50 0

50

R RRR R

R R R R R RR R R R R R R RR R R

if no response, the MS will retry again certain seconds later, How long? And how many times of retry maximal? Subcriber push button at this moment to setup a call The MS possibly send the access burst at this moment, why?

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Page63

TX-integer

Parameter ID: TX Value Range: 3~12, 14, 16, 20, 25, 32, 50 Unit: RACH Timeslot (equals to a TDMA frame, 4.615ms) Default Value: 32

Description: Used to calculate the number of timeslots in the


interval between multiple channel requests sent by MS.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

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Page64

Calculation of S
S
TX-integer
Non-Combined CCCH Combined CCCH

3, 8, 14, 50 4, 9, 16 5, 10, 20

55 76 109 163 217

41 52 58 86 115

6, 11, 25
7, 12, 32

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Page65

Max Retransmissions for Radio Priority 1, 2, 3, 4

Parameter ID:MAXRETRANS1, MAXRETRANS2, MAXRETRANS3, MAXRETRANS4

Value Range: 1, 2, 4, 7 Unit: Time(s) Default Value: 7 Times Description: MAX Retransmissions is the upper limit of times that MS is allowed to send Channel Request in one immediate assignment procedure.

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Page66

Max Retransmissions for Radio Priority 1, 2, 3, 4

Maximum retransmission for radio priority 1, 2 4. The 2bit Radio Priority message carried by the MS in the Packet Channel Request message has four levels of priorities. Level 1

is the highest priority, and level 4 is the lowest priority.

MML: SET GCELLPRACH

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Page67

Common Access Control Class

Parameter ID: COMMACC Value Range: Level 0~9 Forbidden Default Value: 0000000000 Description: One of the parameters of random access control information. It is used for load control of ordinary subscribers, to permit or forbid the network access of some common level users. 1 stands for forbidden and 0 for permitted.

MML: SET GCELLCCBASIC

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Page68

Special Access Control Class


Parameter ID: SPECACC Value Range: Level 11~15 Forbidden Default Value: 00000 Description: It is used for load control, permitting or forbidding the network access of some special level users. 1 stands for forbidden and 0 for permitted.

MML: SET GCELLCCBASIC

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Page69

Emergent Call Disable


Parameter ID: ERGCALLDIS Value Range: Yes, No Default Value: No Description: Emergence Call Disable. When EC Disable is set to No, it means emergency call is permitted. Otherwise it is prohibited.

MML: SET GCELLCCBASIC

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Page70

Contents
1. System Information Reception 2. Cell Selection 3. Cell Reselection 4. Location Update

5. Paging Processing
6. Access Processing 7. Other Parameters

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page71

CS RACH Min. Access Level


Parameter ID: RACHACCLEV Value Range: -121~-104

Unit: dBm
Default Value: -109 Description: The parameter affects the access of MS. This parameter specifies the level threshold for the random access of the MS. If the receive level of the RACH burst in the CS domain is smaller than the value of CS RACH Min.Access Level, the BTS regards this access as an invalid one and no decoding is performed. If the receive level of the RACH burst is greater than the value of CS RACH Min. Access Level, the BTS considers that an access request exists on this timeslot, and determines together with the value of "Random Access Error Threshold" whether the RACH access is valid.

MML: SET GCELLCCACCESS


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PS RACH Min. Access Level


Parameter ID: PSRACHACCLEV Value Range: -121~-104 Unit: dBm Default Value: -109 Description: The parameter affects access to the packet service. This parameter specifies the level threshold for the random access of the MS. If the receive level of the RACH burst in the PS domain is smaller than the value of PS RACH Min.Access Level, the BTS regards this access as an invalid one and no decoding is performed. If the receive level of the RACH burst is greater than the value of PS RACH Min. Access Level, the BTS considers that an access request exists on this timeslot, and determines together with the value of "Random Access Error Threshold" whether the RACH access is valid.

MML: SET GCELLCCACCESS


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ECSC (Early Classmark Sending Control)


Parameter ID: ECSC Value Range: Yes, No

Default Value: No
Description: Early Classmark Sending Control. It indicates if an MS in the cell is allowed to use early Classmark sending.

Yes: The MS reports Classmark3 to the network immediately after link setup.

No: The MS is forbidden to report its Classmark3 to network initiatively.

MML: SET GCELLCCBASIC


Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page74

Definition of Classmark

In GSM system, the abilities that MS supports, such as service ability, band ability, power ability, encryption ability, is described by the classmark.

BSC decodes the information according to the requirement of network and


transfer to the network.

There are 3 kinds of classmark:Classmark1Classmark2Classmark3. Network knows about abilities of MS either via inquiring for MSs CLASSMARK or via requiring MS to report CLASSMARK3 immediately by itself after link setup.

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Page75

Classmark Update Flow

For dual-band MS, after the SCCP connection is established and before
MS BSS MSC

receiving message "CM Service


Accepted" there will be a class mark
Classmark Enquiry
Classmark Request

update flow.

CR message reports the information of Classmrk 2. And in the class mark update flow, MS will report Classmark 3 information which is related to the dual-band capability.
Classmark Change Classmark Update

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Page76

Information about Classmark 2/3

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Page77

TCH Immediate Assignment


Parameter ID: IMMASSEN Value Range: Yes, No Default Value : No Description: Whether to allow immediate TCH assignment. If this

parameter is set to YES, the BSC can assign a TCH immediately


when there is no available SDCCH for a channel request. If this parameter is set to NO, the BSC can assign only an SDCCH when processing a channel access request. MML: SET GCELLBASICPARA

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Immediate Assignment Optimization


Parameter ID: IMMASSCBB Value Range: Yes, No Default Value : No Description: The channel activation and immediate assignment messages are sent at the same time to reduce the signaling processing time, thus increasing the response speed of the network. This parameter is mainly used for satellite transmission, i.e., to

reduce the impact of satellite transmission delay.

Yes: when the Transmission Mode of the BTS is Satellite transmission No: when the Transmission Mode of the BTS is Terrestrial transmission

MML: SET GCELLBASICPARA


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Signaling Flow of Immediate Assignment Optimization


MS Channel_req BTS Channel_Required

BSC

MSC

Channel_Active
Channel_Active_Ack IMMEDIATE ASSIGN COMMAND First SABM UA Establish_IND (CM Service Req) CR(Complete_L3_ information)

MS

BTS

BSC

CHAN_ACT

IMM_ASS_CMD CHAN_ACT_ACK

CC
CM Service Accepted (NOTE 1)

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page80

Directed Retry

In TCH assignment process, if there is no TCH available, handover can take place instead of assignment, and this is called direct retry.

Huawei improves directed retry on two sides:

Traffic Receive level

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Page81

Directed Retry Procedure


Start
[Directed Retry] is enabled?

No

End: Assignment failure

Traffic
No

Yes
[Assignment Cell Load Judge Enable] is enabled?

Yes
Load of the current cell [Cell Directed Retry Forbidden Threshold](s)?

No

Yes
Load of the neighbor cell [Directed Retry Load Access Threshold](n)?

No

Yes

Rxlevel

RXLEV(n) >RXLEV (s) + [Inter-cell HO Hysteresis](s->n) - [Direct Retry Handover Level Range](s->n) ?

No

Yes End: Trigger directed retry

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Page82

Directed Retry Parameter Setting

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Page83

See notes

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Page84

Directed Retry Parameter Setting

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Page85

Radio Link Timeout


Parameter ID: RLT Value Range: 4~64, the step size is 4 Unit: SACCH period (480ms) Default Value: 52 Description: This parameter is used for MS to decide downlink disconnection in case of SACCH decoding failures.

MML: SET GCELLCCBASIC

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Page86

Application of Radio Link Timeout


Poor coverage

P A

Q
B

Impact of radio link timeout

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Page87

Radio Link Timeout

To increase the robustness of the SACCH channel, to improve the


AMR network coverage performance, and to lower the call drop rate, in practice the AMR FR/HR RLT should be set higher.

Call Type Normal Call AMR FR AMR HR

Parameter
Radio Link Timeout (SACCH period(480ms))

Default Value 52

AFR Radio Link Timeout (SACCH period(480ms))

64

AHR Radio Link Timeout (SACCH period(480ms))

52

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page88

SACCH Multi-Frames

Parameter ID: SAMULFRM Value Range: 0~63 Unit: SACCH period (480ms) Default Value: 32 Description: It is a timer used to determine whether the uplink radio link connection fails. BSS judges the uplink radio link failure according to uplink SACCH BER.

Every time BTS fails to decode the MR sent from MS, this timer decreases by 1;

Every time BTS succeeds to decode the MR, this timer increases by 2.
When this timer reaches 0, BTS judges that the uplink radio connection fails, then BTS sends a radio connection failure message to BSC. This parameter and the radio link timeout (RLT) are used to judge the uplink/downlink radio connection failure.

MML: SET GCELLCCBASIC

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Page89

SACCH Multi-Frames

To increase the robustness of the SACCH channel, to improve the AMR network coverage performance, and to lower the call drop rate, in practice the AMR FR/HR SACCH Multi-Frames should be set higher.

Call Type Normal Call AMR FR AMR HR

Parameter
SACCH Multi-Frames (SACCH period(480ms))

Default Value 32

AFR SACCH Multi-Frames (SACCH period(480ms))

64

AHR SACCH Multi-Frames (SACCH period(480ms))

52

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page90

T200

Parameter ID: T200 Value Range: 60~2400 (step: 10) Unit: ms Default Value: 12 Description: T200 timer (LAPD protocol) is used to avoid deadlock during data transfer on the data link layer. The value of the timer indicates the time when the LAPD link waits for the response or acknowledgement frame after sending the command frame.

On the LAPDm layer, every time a message is sent, the opposite end is requested to acknowledge the reception. If this message is lost for unknown reasons, it will occur that both ends keep waiting, leading to system deadlock. Therefore, a timer should be started when the sender sends a message. If the timer times out, the sender will regard that the receiver has not received the message and will resend the message.

MML: SET BTSRINGATTR


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N200

Parameter ID: N200 Value Range: 1~3 Unit: none Default Value: 3 Description: the value of this parameter specifies the maximum number of times when a frame is retransmitted (LAPD protocol)

Different timer values should be set for different LAPDm channels such as SDCCH, FACCH and SACCH. This is because these channels have different transmission rate.

MML: SET BTSRINGATTR


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Use LAPDm N200


Parameter ID: N200PARASWITCH Range: On, Off Default Value : Off Description: Whether the BSC sends the LAPDm N200 parameter to the BTS. If this parameter is set to YES, the BSC sends the LAPDm N200 parameter. If this parameter is set to NO, the BSC does not send the LAPDm N200 parameter.

MML: SET GCELLCCTMR

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Page93

Call Re-establishment Forbidden


Parameter ID: CALLRESTABDIS Value Range: Yes, No Default Value: Yes Description: Informing MS whether call reestablishment is allowed or not.

MML: SET GCELLBASICPARA

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page94

Network Identity Parameter BSIC


BSIC=NCC+BCC In GSM system, each BTS is allocated with a color code, which is called BSIC. MS can identify two cells with the same BCCH by the help of BSIC.

In network planning, make sure that BCCH of neighbor cells are

different from the serving cells BCCH to reduce the interference.

Practically it is still possible that a same BCCH is re-used in the surrounding cells. For cells using the same BCCH in a relevant near

distance, their BSIC must be different so that MS can identify two


neighbor cells with same BCCH.
Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page95

NCC Permitted

Parameter ID: NCCPERMIT Value Range: Selection of 0~7 Perm. Default Value: 11111111 Description: Network Color Code. It lists NCC that need be measured by MS. If a neighbor cells NCC is permitted, MS will report MRs of it to the network.

MML: SET GCELLIDLEBASIC

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Page96

MBR (Multi-Band Report)


Parameter ID: MBR Value Range: 0~3 Default Value: 0 Description: Multi-Band Report is used for requesting the MS to report the measurement information of neighboring cells in multiple frequency bands. This parameter is carried in the system information 2ter and 5ter.

MML: SET GCELLCCBASIC

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page97

Application of MBR
GSM1800 A -92dBm B -82dBm

S H -84dBm GSM900 C -68dBm D -90dBm F -88dBm E -78dBm

G -96dBm

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page98

Max Resend Times of Phy. Info.

Parameter ID: MAXRESEND


Range Value :1~255 Unit: Times Default Value :30 Description: Maximum times for a Physical Information message to be

transmitted. When the retransmission times exceeds this parameter and the BTS still cannot receive any correct SAMB frame from the MS,

the BTS sends a connection failure message (including the handover


failure information) to the BSC, which releases the assigned channel and stops timer T3105 after receiving this message.

MML: SET GCELLHOAD


Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page99

T3105

Parameter ID: T3105 Range Value : 0~255

Unit: 10ms
Default Value : 7 Description: When BTS sends physical information to the MS, the BTS starts the timer T3105. If the timer T3105 times out before receive the SABM frame from MS, BTS re-sends physical information to MS and restarts the timer T3105.

MML: SET GCELLHOAD

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page100

Intra-BSC Handover Signaling Flow


MS BTS1 BSC BTS2 Measure Report from MS Channel_Active Channel_Active_Ack HANDOVER COMMAND Handover Access PHYINFO PHYINFO First SABM UA MS MSC

Handover_Detect

Establish_IND

HANDOVER COMPLETE
Handover_Performed

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Page101

PWRC

Parameter ID: CANPC Value range: Yes, No. Default Value: Yes Description: It is used to indicate MS whether to delete received level value obtained from the timeslots of BCCH when MS measures receiving level during base band hopping mode.

When it is set to No, it means the influence of receiving level on BCCH is in consideration.

If it is set to Yes, process it in the way mentioned above.

MML: SET GCELLCCCH

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page102

Cell Extension Type


Parameter ID: EXTTP Value Range: Normal cell, DoubleTS Ext cell Default Value: Normal cell, but the configuration is according to the practical situation.

Description: It indicates whether a cell is an extended cell and the extended cell mode.

MML: ADD GCELL MML: MOD GCELL


Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page103

Max TA (Maximum Time Advance)


Parameter ID: MAXTA Value Range:

Default Value

0~63 (Normal cell) 0~255 (Double TS Ext cell)

62 for normal cell

219 for dual TS extended cell

Unit: Bit period (1 bit = 0.55km) Description: this parameter determines the actual coverage area of BTS. When BTS receives the channel request message, it determines whether channel assignment should take place in the current cell by comparing the TA with the value of this parameter. MML: SET GCELLBASICPARA

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page104

Interference Band Threshold 0~5

Parameter ID: INTERFTHRES 0~5

Value Range: 110~85


Unit: -dBm Default Values

110 ( Interference band threshold 0) 105 ( Interference band threshold 1) 98 ( Interference band threshold 2 ) 92 ( Interference band threshold 3 ) 87 ( Interference band threshold 4 ) 85 ( Interference band threshold 5)

Description: It decides the corresponding value for each interference band (from band 1 to band 5) and used to measure the uplink interference during the SDCCH/TCH(F)/TCH(H) timeslot is in idle mode.

MML: SET GCELLOTHEXT


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Interference Calculation Period

Parameter ID: INTERPERIOD


Value range: 1~31 Unit: SACCH period (480 ms) Default Values: 20 Description: Before the BTS transmits the radio resource indication message to the BSC, the interference levels measured on idle channels in the period defined by this parameter are averaged. The average interference level is used to classify the interference levels on idle channels into five interference bands. A too big value of this parameter cannot reflect the change of interference. A too small value of this parameter wastes the resources.

MML: SET GCELLOTHEXT

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page106

UL DTX

Parameter ID: FRULDTX (full rate), HRULDTX (half rate) Value Range: May use, Shall use, Shall not use Default Value: Shall use Description: It is used to indicate whether MS uses DTX function. It shows the DTX state of the MS in the previous measurement period.

MML: SET GCELLBASICPARA

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page107

DL DTX

Parameter ID: FRDLDTX (full rate), HRDLDTX (half rate) Value range: Yes, No Default Value: Yes Description: This parameter indicates whether downlink DTX is used in a cell. The use of downlink DTX is also controlled by the DTX switch in the MSC. If downlink DTX is forbidden in the MSC, downlink DTX is not used regardless of the setting of this parameter. If downlink DTX is allowed in the MSC, the setting of this parameter can determine whether downlink DTX is used in the cell.

MML: SET GCELLBASICPARA

Copyright 2011 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page108

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