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Remote accident report system for highways using RF

PROJECT

BASED ON EMNEDDED
SYSTEMS

PRESENTATION BY

P. KRISHNA CHAITANYA

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONIC AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING, ANURAG COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

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INTRODUCTION

The aim of this project is to monitor the accidents which occur on the highways using RF technology. The information of occurrence of the accident will be transmitted to the control section wirelessly using RF communication. In the vehicle section, an accident switch is placed, whenever the accident occurs, the information is transmitted to the control section.

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EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
An embedded system is a computer system designed for specific control functions within a larger system, often with realtime computing constraints. Embedded system contain processing core that are typically

either microcontroller or digital signal processors (DSP).


Embedded systems are designed to do some specific task rather than be a general-purpose computer for multiple tasks.

An embedded system is not always a separate block - very


often it is physically built-in to the device it is controlling. The software written for embedded systems is often called firmware, and is stored in read-only memory or flash convector chips rather than a disk drive.
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BLOCK DIAGRAM (VEHICLE SECTION)

Power supply

HT 12E Encoder

Accident detection circuit

MICRO CONTROLLER CONTROLLER AT89S52

RF TX

H-Bridge

MOTOR

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BLOCK DIAGRAM (MONITOR SECTION)

POWER SUPPLY

DECODER

MICRO CONTROLLE R AT89S52

LCD

BUZZER
RF RECEIVER

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SCHEMATIC VIEW OF TRANSMITER

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SCHEMATIC VIEW OF RECEIVER

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DESCRIPTION OF AT89S52
8K bytes of Flash, 256 bytes of RAM, 32 I/O lines, Watchdog timer, two data pointers,
three

16-bit

timer/counters, a six-vector two-level

interrupt architecture, a full duplex serial port, on-chip oscillator, and clock circuitry. In addition, the AT89S52 is designed with static logic for operation down to zero frequency and supports two software selectable power saving modes. The Idle Mode stops the CPU while allowing the RAM, timer/counters, serial port, and interrupt system to continue functioning. The Power-down mode saves the RAM contents but freezes the

oscillator, disabling all other chip functions until the next interrupt or
hardware reset.
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H BRIDE
An H bridge is an electronic circuit that enables a voltage to be applied across a load in either direction. These circuits are often used in robotics and other applications to allow DC motors to run forwards and backwards. H bridges are available as integrated circuits, or can be built from discrete components

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POWER SUPPLY SECTION


The power supplies are designed to convert high voltage AC mains electricity to a suitable low voltage supply for electronic circuits and other devices. A RPS (Regulated Power Supply) is the Power Supply with Rectification, Filtering and Regulation being done on the AC mains to get a Regulated power supply for Microcontroller and for the other devices being interfaced to it.

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RF MODULE (TRANSMITTER & RECEIVER)


The RF module, as the name suggests, operates at Radio Frequency. The corresponding frequency range varies between 30 kHz & 300 GHz. This RF module comprises of an RF Transmitter and an RF Receiver. The transmitter/receiver (Tx/Rx) pair operates at a frequency of 434 MHz . An RF transmitter receives serial data and transmits it wirelessly through RF through its antenna connected at pin4. The transmission occurs at the rate of 1Kbps - 10Kbps. The transmitted data is received by an RF receiver operating at the same frequency as that of the transmitter.

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LCD DISPLAY
A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a flat panel display, electronic visual display, or video display that uses the light modulating properties of liquid crystals(LCs). LCs do not emit light directly. LCDs are available to display arbitrary images (as in a general-purpose computer display) or fixed images which can be displayed or hidden, such as preset words, digits, and 7-segment displays as in a digital clock. They use the same basic technology, except that arbitrary images are made up of a large number of small pixels, while other displays have larger elements.

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SOFTWARE DESCRIPTION
It is possible to create the source files in a text editor such as Notepad, run the Compiler on each C source file, specifying a list of controls, run the Assembler on each Assembler source file, specifying another list of controls, run either the Library Manager or Linker (again specifying a list of controls) and finally running the Object-HEX Converter to convert the Linker output file to an Intel Hex File. Once that has been completed the Hex File can be downloaded to the target hardware and debugged. KEIL Greatly simplifies the process of creating and testing an embedded application.
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QUERIES

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Thank you
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