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A SEMINAR REPORT ON RTS POWER CORPORATION PVT. LTD. VKIA ROAD NO.

-9 JAIPUR RAJASTHAN

Submitted to: Mr. DEEPESH AGARWAL Mr. ATUL SHARMA


LECTURER EE DEPARTMENT

Submitted By: DHANANJAY SINGH 09ESBEE019

RTS POWER CORPORATION PVT. LTD


RAJASTHAN TRANSFORMER AND SWITCHGEAR CORPORATION LTD.
VKIA,ROAD NO.-9 JAIPUR,RAJASTAN

INTRODUCTION
RTS Power Corporation Limited (RTS) is the flagship company of the Bhutoria Group, an enterprise whose history spans more than 175 years. Bhutoria Group's business activities have included Jute mills, Jute goods trading & exports, financing, cold storage chains and real estate development.

RTS Power Corporation Limited is the flagship company of the Bhutoria Group engaged in providing relevant and timely power-conversion and power quality solutions. Over 38 years of service, the Company has gained a reputation as one of the leading manufacturers of Power, Distribution, Extra High Voltage and Dry-type Transformers in India. .
RTS Power is an ISO 9001 Certified company and an approved vendor and regular supplier for all State Electricity Boards in India. The company is also an approved vendor for Defence Services (MES & Air force), Indian Railways, and many Telecom and Private Companies.

The RTS commitment to 'quality' and 'value' goes beyond production excellence. It extends to an ongoing process of offering specialty services to customers. . Long experience, rich knowledge-base and continuing learning and anticipating change that is going to revolutionize the Indian Power Sector and tailored solutions to meet those demands, helps RTS extend the reliability factor even further. . Add to this the company's deep awareness of the latest and best advances in distribution and transformation technology and it translates into a share- expertise syndrome that enriches the client experience.

CONTENTS:
* * * * * * * INTRODUCTION. RTS A Brief Profile. RTS An Overview. TRANSFORMER DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER CABLES REFERENCES

Repairs & Maintenance :RTS has extensive and modern capabilities in repair and re-engineering of damaged transformers of all makes across the range - 10 kVA, 11/.433 kV to 55 MVA 132/33 kV.

* Strong resourcefulness allows repairs to take place within the shortest time frames, minimizing customer downtime. RTS can reverse engineer and improve/ modify designs of existing transformers and ensure longevity of the repaired/re-engineered transformer most cost effectively and strengthen it with high quality replacements.

Transformers:
Transformer is an electrical machine which works on the principle of electromagnetic induction. It transfers electric power from one electric ckt to other with the help magnetic path(flux) on constant frequency but equal or different current voltages. The winding which is connected to the supply is called primary winding & that winding is connected to the load is called secondary winding.

POWER TRANSFORMER ACCESSORIES


1. Buchholz relay:Buchholz relay is a gas- actuated relay installed in oil-immersed transformers for protection against all kind of internal faults. It is used to gives an alarm in case of slow developing faults or incipient faults in the transformer and to disconnect the transformer from the supply in the event of severe internal faults. It is installed in the pipe between the conservator and main tank as shown in fig. below. This relay is used in oil-immersed transformers of rating above 750 kVA.

2. TAP CHANGER:-

A transformer tap is a connection point along a transformer winding that allows a certain number of turns to be selected. This means, a transformer with a variable turns ratio is produced, enabling voltage regulation of the output. The tap selection is made via a tap changer mechanism.

3. On-load designs:A mechanical on-load tap changer (OLTC), also known as under- load tap changer (ULTC) design, changing back and forth between tap positions 2 and 3.

4. Mechanical tap changers:A mechanical tap changer physically makes the new connection before releasing the old using multiple tap selector switches, but avoids creating high circulating currents by using a diverter switch to temporarily place a large diverter impedance in series with the shortcircuited turns. This technique overcomes the problems with open or short circuit taps. In a resistance type tap changer, the changeover must be made rapidly to avoid overheating of the diverter.

5. OIL SURGE RELAY :The protective relay serves for signalling a fault in the diverter switch / selector switch oil compartment and is to limit the damage to the on-load tap changer in case of a failure.It is, therefore, part of our delivery as a standard with all OLTC supplies.

Distribution transformers
The purpose of a distribution transformer is to reduce the primary voltage of the electric distribution system to the utilization voltage serving the customer. A distribution transformer is a static device constructed with two or more windings used to transfer alternatingcurrent electric power by electromagnetic induction from one circuit to another at the same frequency but with different values of voltage and current.

FIGURE 15.2 Typical pole-type distribution transformer installation with the transformer bolted directly to the pole.

DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER RATING


These distribution transformers are assembled using the conventional stacked core. Ratings manufactured range from 25 KVA to 1500 KVA in the 11/0.433 kV, 22/0.433 kV and 33/0.433 kV voltage classes. While transformers upto 300 KVA are generally manufactured with aluminum windings with copper being used in windings for ratings above 315 KVA, TAL can customize the winding depending on customer specifications.

Cable:* A cable is most often two or more wires running side by side and bonded, twisted or braided together to form a single assembly, but can also refer to a heavy strong rope. In mechanics cables, otherwise known as wire ropes, are used for lifting, hauling and towing or conveying force through tension. In electrical engineering cables are used to carry electric currents. An optical cable contains one or more optical fibers in a protective jacket that supports the fibers * Electric cables discussed here are mainly meant for installation in buildings and industrial sites. For power transmission at distances greater than a few kilometres see high-voltage cable, power cables and HVDC

Electrical cables:* Electrical cables may be made more flexible by stranding the wires. In this process, smaller individual wires are twisted or braided together to produce larger wires that are more flexible than solid wires of similar size. Bunching small wires before concentric stranding adds the most flexibility * At high frequencies, current tends to run along the surface of the conductor. This is known as the skin effect

Coaxial cable:Coaxial cable, or coax, has an inner conductor surrounded by a flexible, tubular insulating layer, surrounded by a tubular conducting shield. The term coaxial comes from the inner conductor and the outer shield sharing a geometric axis. Coaxial cable was invented by English engineer and mathematician Oliver Heaviside, who patented the design in 1880.[1] Coaxial cable differs from other shielded cable used for carrying lower-frequency signals, such as audio signals, in that the dimensions of the cable are controlled to give a precise, constant conductor spacing, which is needed for it to function efficiently as a radio frequencytransmission line.

A: outer plastic sheath B: woven copper shield C: inner dielectric insulator D: copper core

Mineral-insulated copper-clad cable:Mineral-insulated copper-clad cable is a variety of electrical cable made from copper conductors inside a copper sheath, insulated by inorganic magnesium oxide powder. The name is often abbreviated to MICC or MI cable, and colloquially known as pyro (because the original manufacturer and vendor for this product in the UK is a company called Pyrotenax). A similar product sheathed with metals other than copper is called mineral insulated metal sheathed (MIMS) cable

Purpose and use of MI cables: * Nuclear reactors Air pressurisation systems for stairwells to enable building egress during a fire Hospital operating rooms Fire alarm systems Emergency power systems Emergency lighting systems Temperature measurement devices; RTD's and Thermocouples. Critical process valves in the petrochemical industry Public buildings such as theatres, cinemas, hotels Transport hubs (railway stations, airports etc.) Mains supply cables within residential apartment blocks Tunnels and mines Electrical equipment in hazardous areas

Heating cable:* A similar appearing product is mineral-insulated trace heating cable, in which the conductors are made of a highresistance alloy. * A heating cable is used to protect pipes from freezing, or to maintain temperature of process piping and vessels. * An MI resistance heating cable may not be repairable if damaged. Most electric stove and oven heating elements are constructed in a similar manner.

Metal-sheathed wires:* In the United Kingdom, an early form of insulated cable, introduced in 1896, consisted of two impregnated-paperinsulated conductors in an overall lead sheath. * Joints were soldered, and special fittings were used for lamp holders and switches. * These cables were similar to underground telegraph and telephone cables of the time. Paper-insulated cables proved unsuitable for interior wiring installations because very careful workmanship was required on the lead sheaths to ensure moisture did not affect the insulation

Modern wiring materials:* Modern non-metallic sheathed cables, such as (US and Canadian) Type NMB and NMC, consist of two to four wires covered with thermoplastic insulation and a bare wire for grounding (bonding) surrounded by a flexible plastic jacket. Some versions wrap the individual conductors in paper before the plastic jacket is applied. * It is often called Romex cable, since the first of its type was manufactured by Rome Cable Division of Cyprus Mines, Rome, New York. The trade name has been owned by Southwire since it purchased the electrical building wire assets of General Cable in 2001.