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CDMA2000 1x Principle

ISSUE 5.0

Huawei Confidential. All Rights Reserved

Objectives

Upon completion this course, you will be able to:

Describe the development of mobile system


List the structure of CDMA2000 1X network State the principle of CDMA2000 1X State the key technology of CDMA2000 1X

Describe the air interface of CDMA2000 1X


Describe the numbers in CDMA2000 1X

Internal Use

Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Principle of Spreading Chapter 3 Technology of CDMA2000 Chapter 4 Physical Layer of CDMA2000 Chapter 5 Number Planning

Internal Use

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Development of Mobile Communications 1.2 Development of CDMA System 1.3 CDMA 2000 Network Structure

Internal Use

Transmission Techniques
CDMA
Power

Traffic channels: different users are assigned unique code and transmitted over the same frequency band, for example, WCDMA and CDMA2000

TDMA
Traffic channels: different time slots are allocated to different users, for example, GSM and DAMPS
Power

FDMA
Power

Traffic channels: different frequency bands are allocated to different users, for example, AMPS and TACS

Internal Use

Development of Mobile Communications


1st Generation 1980s (analog) 2nd Generation 1990s (digital)
GSM AMPS TACS NMT Others PDC CDMA IS95 TDMA IS-136

3rd Generation current (digital)


UMTS WCDMA

Analog to Digital

Voice to Broadband

CDMA 2000 TDSCDMA

3G provides: Complete integrated service solutions High bandwidth Unified air interface Best spectral efficiency.

Internal Use

Difference of 3G Standards

CDMA2000 3GPP2
FDD mode

WCDMA 3GPP
FDD mode

TD-SCDMA

3G system

CWTS
TDD mode

Internal Use

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Development of Mobile Communications 1.2 Development of CDMA System 1.3 CDMA 2000 Network Structure

Internal Use

Development of CDMA System

CDMA2000 3x

IS95A 9.6kbps

IS95B 115.2kbps

CDMA2000 1x 307.2kbps
Heavier

voice service capacity


Longer

CDMA2000 1x EV 1x EV-DO 1x EV-DV

1995

1998

period of standby time

2000 2003

Higher spectrum efficiency and network capacity Higher packet data rate and more diversified services Smooth transit to 3G

Internal Use

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Development of Mobile Communicatins 1.2 Development of CDMA System 1.3 CDMA 2000 Network Structure

Internal Use

CDMA 2000 Network Structure

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Internal Use

Questions

How many standards are there in 3G? How to understand the three techniques of multi-access? How many network elements are there in CDMA2000 1X network?

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Internal Use

Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Principle of Spreading Chapter 3 Technology of CDMA2000 Chapter 4 Physical Layer of CDMA2000 Chapter 5 Number Planning

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Internal Use

Chapter 2 Principle of Spreading


2.1 Basic Conception 2.2 Communication Model

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Internal Use

Direct Spread (DS)


Transmission
Wideband signal Slow Information Sent Slow information Recovered

Receiving

Fast spreading sequence

Fast spreading sequence

Direct Sequence Spread spectrum system mixes the input data with a fast sequence and transmits a wideband signal. The spreading sequence is independently regenerated at the receiver and mixed with the incoming wideband signal to recover the original information.
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Internal Use

Direct Spread (DS)


Information signal bit

Spread sequence

Spread signal

Spread sequence

Recover signal

Spread & De-spread


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Internal Use

Spectrum-domain Analysis
Power spectrum of information signal(narrow band) P() Power spectrum of spread signal(broad band) P()

Spread

P() Add

P()

P() integral/filtering

De-spread

P()

Recover signals power spectrum (narrow band)

Mixed signals power spectrum(broad band and narrow band)

Mixed signals power spectrum(broad band and broad band) Internal Use

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Correlation

Correlation 100% so the functions are parallel

(a)

Correlation 0% so the functions are orthogonal

(b)
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Internal Use

Orthogonal Function

Sequence 1#

Sequence 2#

1#2 #

Output of integral circuit

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Internal Use

Multiple Access
Information bit 1#

Sequence 1# Spread Signal 1#

Information bit 2#

Sequence 2#

Spread Signal 2#

Mixed Signal 1+2

Code Division Multiple Address Principle


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Internal Use

Multiple Access

Mixed Signal

Spread Sequence 1#

De-spread Signal

Output of Judgement circuit

1st receiver resume process


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Internal Use

Multiple Access
Mixed Signal

Spread Sequence 2#

De-spread Signal

Output of Judgement circuit

2st receiver resume process


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Internal Use

Chapter 2 Princple of Spreading


2.1 Basic Conception 2.2 Communication Model

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Internal Use

Communication Model (CALL FLOW)


1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1

1 1 0 1 0 1 1

Source coding

Channel Coding

Spread

Scrambling

Modulation

RF transit

Reverse Forward Bit Symbol Chip

1 1 0 1 0 1 1

Source Decoding

Channel Decoding

De-Spread

Unscrambling

Demodulation

RF receive

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Internal Use

Source Coding

There are 3 types of source coding in CDMA 2000 system: 8K QCELP 13K QCELP EVRC Characteristic: Support voice activity

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Internal Use

Channel Coding
Channel Coding: Convolution

Convolution code or TURBO code is used in channel encoding Encoding efficiency= (total input bits total output symbols)

00110001

MUX

Bit 00001011

Register

Symbol 0000110100101011

00100111

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Internal Use

Channel Coding
Channel Coding: Interleaving
Transmission direction Input:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Write by row

Interleaver

Read by column

Transmission direction Output:


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8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Internal Use

Channel Coding
1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0

Without channel coding, receiver cant correct any errors

1 1 1 0 10 1 1 0 11 1 1 0 1 1 101 1

1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 11 1

1
Source

1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 11 1 1 1 0 1 1101

111 000 111 111

1 0 1 1

After convolution, receiver can correct errors. But recovery capability is restricted by encoding complexity.

1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 11 1 111 111 00 0 111 1 011 101 1 1 01 1

1011 0100 1 011


1 1 0 1

01 01 1 0 01
1 0 1 1

101 010 101 101

Through the interleaving, the consecutive error codes can be corrected


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Internal Use

Scrambling and Spreading

M Sequence for scrambling Long Code Short Code Walsh Code for spreading

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Internal Use

Scrambling and Spreading


M Sequence

0 1

0 1

1 0

Out

Two points are important here: Maximum number of shift register (N) Mask N The period of out put sequence is 2 -1 bits Only sequence offset is change when the mask is changed PN stands for Pseudorandom Noise sequence
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Internal Use

Scrambling and Spreading

Long Code

The long code is a PN sequence with period of 2 -1chips The functions of a long code:

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Scramble the forward CDMA channel Control the insertion of power control bit

Spread the information on the reverse CDMA channel to


identify the mobile stations

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Internal Use

Scrambling and Spreading


Short Code

15

Short code is a PN sequence with period of 2 chips Sequence with different time offset is used to distinguish different sectors

PNc
PNb

PNa

Minimum PN sequence offset used is 64 chips, that is, 512 PN offsets are 15 available to identify the CDMA sectors (2 /64=512).
Internal Use

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Scrambling and Spreading


Walsh Code
Walsh Code is one kind of orthogonal code.

Walsh code W2n=

Wn Wn Wn Wn

W1=0 W2= 0 0 1

0 0 W4 = 0 0

0 1 0 1

0 0 0 1
1 1 1 0

64-order Walsh function is used as a spreading function and each Walsh code is orthogonal to other m A Walsh can be presented by Wi where ith (row) is the position and m 4 is the order. For example, W2 means 0101 code in W4 matrix Walsh code is used to spread the forward traffic channel
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Internal Use

MS: Which BTS I should listen?

BTS A BTS B

BTS C

A PN sequence (short code) with period of 215 bits, is used with 64bits offset. That is
512 total PN available to identify the 512 sectors/BTSs. Internal Use

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MS-B: Which is my signal?


0000000. A 0101010 0000111 B C
MS-C

MS-H
0

MS-G MS-A

0101010
MS-B

MS-F
MS-D MS-E

Each MS has unique Walsh code. Normally CDMA2000 uses 64 array Walsh codes
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Internal Use

BTS: Who is my Mr. D?

MS-C

MS-H MS-G MS-A MS-B

MS-F MS-D MS-E

A PN sequence (long code) with period of 242-1 bits which is used to Spread the information on the reverse CDMA channel and identify the MS. A unique ESN is used as mask to achieve unique starting point
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Internal Use

Modulation

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Internal Use

Questions

How to understand spreading and multi access? What is the main function of each step in communication model ? How to understand the three types of codes in CDMA2000 1X ? Why do we say CDMA system is self interference system ?

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Internal Use

Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Principle of spreading Chapter 3 Technology of CDMA2000 Chapter 4 Physical layer of CDMA2000 Chapter 5 Number planning

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Internal Use

Technology Of CDMA2000

Power control
Rake Receiver Soft handoff

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Internal Use

Power Control
Far/near problem exists in wireless system

no power control

after power control

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Internal Use

Power Control
CDMA is a self-interference system

no power control

after power control

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Internal Use

Power Control
Classification Of Power Control

According to the directions, power control can be divided into: Reverse power control Forward power control According to the types, power control can be divided into: Reverse power control Reverse open loop power control Reverse closed loop power control Forward power control Measurement report power control EIB power control Fast power control

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Internal Use

Power Control
Reverse Open Loop Power Control

Reverse Open Loop Power Control

BTS BTS

Mobile Transmitting Power

BTS

The mobile transmission power is determined by the following factors: Distance from the base station Load of the cell Circumstance of the code channels The transmission power of the mobile station is relative to its received power.
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Internal Use

Power Control

Reverse Closed Loop Power Control


Power Control Bit

Eb/Nt Value BTS

FER Value

BSC
Change in Eb/Nt Value

Inner Loop Power Control


Outer Loop Power Control

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Internal Use

Power Control
Fast Forward Power Control
Power Control Bit

Eb/Nt

Eb/Nt Comparator

FER

FER Measurement

BTS

MS

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Internal Use

RAKE Receiver

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Internal Use

RAKE Receiver
Recover signal from single path and adjust its time delay Correlator 1

90

Combiner

90

0
Correlator 2

output

Receive set

RAKE receiver can mitigates multi-path fading and enhance the receive performance of the system.

Correlator 3

Searcher correlator

Calculate the time delay and signal strength

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Internal Use

Soft Handoff
Pilot Sets
Searcher correlator All pilot that can be detected by searcher correlator is classify to four pilot set. An active pilot is a pilot whose paging or traffic channels are actually being monitored or used.

Active Set

Candidate Set

The pilot that not in the active set but potential to be demodulated

Neighbor Set

The pilot that not included in the active set or the candidate set but being possible to be added in the candidate set

Remaining Set
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Other pilot

Internal Use

Soft Handoff
Soft Handoff And Softer Handoff

Soft/softer handoff means MS can keep traffic channel with two or more sectors.

Soft handoffinvolves traffic channel from more than one BTS and Multi-path combination in the BSC. Softer handoff involves traffic channel from two or more sectors of one BTS and Multi-path combination in the BTS.

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Internal Use

Soft Handoff
Important Parameters of Soft handoff
Sector A Sector B

Ec/Io

Add Threshold (T_ADD) Guard Time(T-TDROP)

DropThreshold (T_DROP)

Soft Handoff Region Time

T_ADD, T_DROP and T_TDROP affect the percentage of MS in handoff.


T_ADD & T_DROP is the standards used to add or drop a pilot. T_DROP is a timer.
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Internal Use

Soft Handoff
Dynamic Soft Handoff
Pilot strength

P1

P2

T_ADD

T_DRO P

T_TDROP

T_TDROP

TIME

Neighbor Set

Candidate Set

Active Set Active Set

Candidate Set

Neighbor Set

1. P2>T_ADD 2. P2> [(SOFT_SLOPE/8) * 10 * log10(PS1) + ADD_INTERCEPT/2]. 4. P1< [(SOFT_SLOPE/8) * 10 * log10(PS2) +DROP_INTERCEPT/2] 7. P1<T_DROP
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Internal Use

Questions

Why CDMA system need power control ? What is the function of the RAKE receiver ? What is the difference between hard handoff and soft handoff ? Why can CDMA system support soft handoff ?

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Internal Use

Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Principle of Spreading Chapter 3 Technology of CDMA2000 Chapter 4 Physical Layer of CDMA2000 Chapter 5 Number Planning

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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of IS95

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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of IS95


Forward Link: Pilot Channel

W064 Pilot channel (all-zeros)

Forward pilot channel is spread over W0 and modulated with short code directly BTS transmits the pilot channel continuously The Pilot channel carries no data

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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of IS95


Forward Link: Sync Channel
Code symbol
Repetitive code symbol

W3264
To QPSK coder

Sync Ch bits
1.2kbps

Convolution encoder
r=1/2,K=9
2.4kbps

symbol repetition

4.8kbps

Block interleaving

4.8kbps

The sync channel is used by the mobile station to synchronize with the network. W32 is used to spread Sync Channel. The synchronization message includes: Pilot PN sequence offset: PILOT_PN System time: SYS_TIME Long code state: LC_STATE Paging channel rate: P_RAT Here note that, sync channel rate is 1200bps
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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of IS95


Forward Link: Paging Channel
To QPSK coder

Paging Convolution channel bits

encoder r=1/2,K=9

Code symbol

Symbol repetition
19.2kbps

Block interleaving

19.2kbps

9.6/4.8 kbps

19.2/9.6Kbps

19.2kbps

W164 decimator

The paging channel transmits: System parameters message Access parameters Neighbors list CDMA channels list message The frame length of a paging channel is 20ms W1 ~ W7 are spared for the Paging Channels spreading
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1.2288Mcps

Long code PN generator

Paging channel address mask

Internal Use

Physical Layer Of IS95


Forward Link: Traffic Channel (FCH And SCCH)
Forward traffic channel (172/80/40 or 8.6kbps 16bits/frame) 4.0kbps 2.0kbps 0.8kbps 19.2kbps Add frame quality indicator bits(12,10,8,6) Convolution Add 8 Symbol encoder encoded tail repetition r=1/2,K=9 9.6kbps bits 19.2ksybps 4.8kbps 9.6ksybps 2.4kbps 4.8ksybps 1.2kbps 2.4ksybps

I Ch PN sequence (1.2288 Mcps) Power control bits 19.2kbps

Cos(2pfct)

Baseband filter

+
I(t)

Block interleaver Repetitive symbol Long code generator

MUX
QPSK Modulation

Walsh code

+
decimator PN 1.2288 Mcps decimator

Baseband filter

+
Sin(2pfct)

Q(t)

Q Ch PN sequence (1.2288 Mcps)

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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of IS95


Reverse Link: Access Channel
4.4 kbps Access channel (80 bits/frame) Add 8 encoder tail bits 4.8 kbps Convolution 14.4 kbps Symbol encoder repetition Code r=1/3,K=9 symbol Repetitive symbol 8.8 kbps Block interleaving

Repetitive symbol 28.8 kbps

I Ch PN sequence (1.2288 Mcps) Frame rate PN chips 1.2288 Mcps Data burst randomizer

Cos(2pfct)

Orthogonal spreading 4.8 kbps (307.2kbps)

Baseband filter

I(t)

1/2 PN chips Delayed time=406.9ns


QPSK Modulation

Walsh code

Long code mask

Long code PN generator

Baseband filter

Q(t)

Sin(2pfct) 59

Q Ch PN sequence (1.2288 Mcps) Internal Use

Physical Layer Of IS95


Reverse Link: Traffic Channel (FCH And SCCH)
Reverse traffic channel Add frame quality indicator bits(12,10,8,6) convolution Symbol Add 8 encoder repetition encoded tail r=1/3,K=9 9.6kbps 28.8Ksybps bits 4.8kbps 14.4Ksybps 2.4kbps 7.2Ksybps 1.2kbps 3.6Ksybps

8.6kbps 4.0kbps 2.0kbps 0.8kbps

I Ch PN sequence (1.2288 Mcps) Frame rate Orthogonal spreading 4.8 kbps (307.2kbps) Block interleaver Walsh code Long code mask PN chips 1.2288 Mcps

Cos(2pfct)

Baseband filter

I(t)

Data burst randomizer

1/2 PN chips Delayed time=406.9ns


QPSK Modulation

Long code PN generator

Baseband filter

Q(t)

Q Ch PN sequence (1.2288 Mcps)


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Sin(2pfct)

Internal Use

Physical Layer Of CDMA2000


Definition of IS2000s Channel:
Symbol repetition

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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of CDMA2000


Forward Channel: F-QPCH
F-PCH 1.28S ... 2047 0 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Symbol repetition

F-PCH 80ms

F-QPCH

A1 1 20ms

B1 2 20ms

A2 3 20ms

B2 4 20ms 1 20ms 2 20ms 3 20ms 4 20ms Internal Use

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Physical Layer Of CDMA2000


Forward Channel: F-CCCH
20ms frame (9.6kbps)
172 information bits 12 CRC bits

8 encoders tails bits

20ms frame (38.4kbps)


744 information bits 16 CRC bits

8 encoders tails bits

10ms frame (38.4kbps)


360 information bits 16 CRC bits 8 encoders tails bits

5ms frame (38.4kbps)


With QPCH together, F-CCCH shared by many mobiles carries mobile-specific messages .
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172 information bits 16 CRC bits

8 encoders tails bits

Internal Use

Physical Layer Of CDMA2000


Forward Channel: F-DCCH
20ms frames (9.6kbps)
12 CRC bits 8 encoders tails bits

172 information bits

F-DCCH is a dedicated signaling channel. F-DCCH can carry user data that is typically low-rate.

5ms frames (9.6kbps)

24 information bits

16 CRC bits 8 encoder tails bits

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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of CDMA2000


Forward Channel: F-SCH
The different Walsh codes corresponding to different data rates
W08 =00000000 W04 =0000
64

( W016 ,W816) ( W416 ,W1216 ) ( W216 ,W1416 ) ( W616 ,W1416 ) ( W116,W916 ) ( W516 ,W1316 ) ( W316 ,W1116 )

W02 =00

W48 =00001111 W28 =00110011 W68 =00111100 W18 =01010101 W14 =0101 W58 =01011010

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W01 =0

W24 =0011

16 8 4 2 1

W38 =01100110 W12 =01 W34 =0110 W78 =01101001

9600 19200 38400

76800 153600 307200 614400

Data rate -bps-

( W716,W1516 )

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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of CDMA2000


Reverse Channel: R-PICH
Pilot( all '0's)

Reverse Pilot Channel

MUX Power Control Bit

The Function of Reverse Pilot Channel Initialization Tracing Reverse Coherent Demodulation Power Control Measurement Base station enhances the received performance and increases the capacity by means of coherent demodulation of the Reverse Pilot Channel.

Pilot
384 NPN Chips

Power Control

Power Control Group = 1536 NPN Chips

N is the Spreading Rate number

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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of CDMA2000


Reverse Channel: R-EACH

The Function of R-EACH initiate communication with the base station and to respond to a Paging Channel message transmit its access request T preamble

Reverse Pilot Channel

R-EACH Data

Preamble (All 0s)

R-EACH Frame Data

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Internal Use

Physical Layer Of CDMA2000


Reverse Channel: R-SCH

R-FCH

R-SCH Bursting data is coming

To support data traffic, the R-SCH has two unique characteristics: only carry user traffic data and does not carry any signaling traffic Should be set up and torn down rather quickly

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Internal Use

RC Combination Regulation
Forward Radio Configuration
Radio Spreading Max Data Rate* Configuration Rate (kbps)
1** 2** 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Radio Configuration 1** 2** 3 4 5 6

Effective FEC OTD FEC Encoding Modulation Code Rate Allowed


1/2 3/4 1/4 1/2 3/8 1/6 1/3 1/4 or 1/3 1/2or 1/3
Effective FEC Code Rate 1/3 1/2 1/4 (1/2) 3.8 1/4 (1/3) 1/4 (1/2)

1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3
Spreading Rate 1 1 1 1 3 3

9.6 14.4 153.6 307.2 230.4 307.2 614.4 460.8 1036.8


Max Data Rate* (kbps) 9.6 14.4 153.6 (307.2) 230.4 153.6 (614.4) 460.8 (1036.8)

No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes


OTD Allowed No No Yes Yes Yes Yes

Conv. Conv Conv and Turbo Conv and Turbo Conv and Turbo Conv and Turbo Conv and Turbo Conv and Turbo Conv and Turbo

BPSK BPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK QPSK

FEC Encoding Modulation Conv 64-ary ortho Conv 64-ary ortho Conv or Turbo BPSK Conv or Turbo Conv or Turbo Conv or Turbo BPSK BPSK BPSK

Reverse Radio Configuration


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Internal Use

RC Combination Regulation

F-FCH RCs

R-FCH RCs RC 1 RC 2

RC1 and RC2 corresponds respectively to rate set 1 and rate set 2 in IS- 95A/B system. CDMA2000 Forward RC: RC1~RC5 Reverse RC: RC1~RC4

RC 1 RC 2 RC 3

RC 3 RC 4 RC 5 RC 4

Rules: Forward Forward Forward Forward

F-DCCH/SCH RCs

R-DCCH/SCH RCs

RC1, Reverse RC1 RC2, Reverse RC2 RC3 or RC4,Reverse RC3 RC5, Reverse RC4

RC 3 RC 3 RC 4 RC 5 RC 4

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Internal Use

Questions

How many types channels are there in I595 system ? And what are the functions of these channels ? What is the function of F-SCH and R-SCH in CDMA 2000 ? The capacity of CDMA2000 is more than that of IS95, could you give reasons? How do you understand radio configuration ?

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Internal Use

Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Principle of Spreading Chapter 3 Technology of CDMA2000 Chapter 4 Physical Layer of CDMA2000 Chapter 5 Number Planning

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Internal Use

Definition of Coverage Areas

Service area
PLMN area MSC area Location area Cell area Sector area

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Internal Use

MIN/IMSI (identity/international mobile subscriber identity )

15 digits 3 digits

2 digits

MCC

MNC NMSI IMSI

MSIN

Mobile subscriber identity/international mobile subscriber identity For example, 0907550001/460030907550001

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Internal Use

ESN (Electronic Serial Number )

A unique Electronic Serial Number (ESN) is used to identify single MS. An ESN includes 32 bits and has the following structure:

31

24 23

18 17

Manufacturers number

Retained

Equipment SN

For example, FD 03 78 0A (the 10th Motorola 378 mobile phone) The equipment serial number is allocated by a manufacturer.

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Internal Use

MDN (Mobile directory number)

subscriber number
CC

MAC

H 0 H 1 H 2H

ABCD

International mobile subscriber DN

National valid mobile subscriber number

Mobile directory number For example, 8613307550001

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Internal Use

TLDN (Temporary local directory number)

CC

MAC

44

H 0H 1H 2

ABC

Temporary local directory number For example, 8613344755001

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Internal Use

Location Area Identity (LAI)

PAGING message is broadcast within a local area, the size of which depends on traffic, paging bearer capability, signaling flow , etc. Format: MCC+MNC+LAC

MCC: Mobile Country Code, 3 digits. For example, China is 460. MNC: Mobile Network Code, 2 digits. For example, the MNC of Unicom is 03. LAC: Location Area Code, a 2-byte-long hexadecimal BCD code. 0000 cannot be used with FFFE.

For example, 460030100

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Internal Use

Global Cell Identity (GCI)

The unique ID of a cell in PLMN

Format: LAI+CI
CI: Cell Identity, a 2-byte-long hexadecimal BCD code, pre defined by the engineering department. The first 3 digits and the last digit represent the base station number and the sector number respectively. For an omni-directional site, the last digit of CI is 0. For example, 4600301001230 shows base station number 123 contains an omni-directional site

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Internal Use

SID/NID

SID=M
NID= t NID= u NID= v

SID=L

SID=K SID=N

In the CDMA2000 1X network, the service area consists of systems and networks that are identified respectively by the system identification (SID) and network identification (NID). The system judges whether the MS is roaming according to the SID and NID.
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Internal Use

Number Analyzing
Transfe r TLDN to MSC1

Number Analysis 1331688XXXX Find HLR

HLR

According to MDN, get the IMSI that can be used to query VLR Location With IMSI, send paging information to B

BSC

MSC1/VLR

MSC2/VLR

BSC

BTS

With TLDN, connect to MSC2

According to IMSI, allocate TLDN that will be sent back to HLR


Here is a call for you

BTS

13316882234
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Internal Use

Questions

Please describe the number analyzing in CDMA2000 1X


system when a call is happening .

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Internal Use

Summary

Summary

The difference of three types of multi-access The function of each process in communication mode Three key techniques The physical layer of IS95 and CDMA2000 The number analysis during a call

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Internal Use

Huawei Confidential. All Rights Reserved