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SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT B E R S A M I N |E B I D O
SOLID WASTE
MANAGEMENT
B E R S A M I N |E B I D O |L UZ A D A | M A T E O
SOLID WASTE • Three general categories • Municipal wastes • Industrial wastes • Hazardous wastes
SOLID WASTE
• Three general categories
• Municipal wastes
• Industrial wastes
• Hazardous wastes
MUNICIPAL WASTES • Food wastes or garbage • Rubbish: paper, cardboard, plastic, textiles, rubber, leather, wood,
MUNICIPAL WASTES
• Food wastes or garbage
• Rubbish: paper, cardboard, plastic, textiles, rubber,
leather, wood, glass, cans, metals
• Ashes and residues
• Demolition and construction wastes: stone,
concrete, brick, lumber, plumbing, heating and
electrical parts
• Special wastes: street sweepings, roadside litter,
dead animals, abandoned vehicles, discarded
appliances
INDUSTRIAL WASTES • Wastes from industrial activities and typically include rubbish, ashes, demolition and construction wastes,
INDUSTRIAL WASTES
• Wastes from industrial activities and typically
include rubbish, ashes, demolition and construction
wastes, special wastes and non-hazardous wastes
HAZARDOUS WASTES • Wastes that pose a substantial danger immediately or over a period of time
HAZARDOUS WASTES
• Wastes that pose a substantial danger immediately
or over a period of time to human, plant and
animal life
• They exhibit the following:
• Ignitability
• Corrosive
• Reactivity
• Toxicity
TYPES & SOURCES OF SOLID WASTES 1. Household wastes 2. Commercial and industrial wastes 3. Farm
TYPES & SOURCES OF SOLID WASTES
1.
Household wastes
2.
Commercial and industrial wastes
3.
Farm & agricultural wastes
4.
Institutional wastes
5.
Miscellaneous and special wastes
- Sludge from water and waste water treatment plants, ash from
incinerators, street sweepings, demolition, construction
PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL: 1. Pollution of water and food sources. 2. Burning of
PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED
WITH SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL:
1.
Pollution of water and food sources.
2.
Burning of solid wastes destroys the fertility of the
soil.
3.
Exposure to smoke and fumes from burning wastes
increases risks of developing respiratory diseases.
4.
Solid wastes become breeding sites of disease
vectors.
IN METRO MANILA, SOURCES OF WASTES ARE: • Households – 74.1% • Shops – 9.4% •
IN METRO MANILA,
SOURCES OF WASTES ARE:
• Households – 74.1%
• Shops – 9.4%
• Markets – 7.6%
• Restaurants – 7.5%
• Institutions – 0.8%
• Street sweepings – 0.4%
• River clean-up – 0.14%
• In Metro Manila, 90% of the wastes are collected by municipal collection system of which:
• In Metro Manila, 90% of the wastes are collected by
municipal collection system of which:
• 25% are illegally dumped
• 30% are collected by sanitary landfills
• 33% are disposed in open dumps
• 2% is recycled
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT • Interrelated system of appropriate technologies • Generation, collection, storage and processing, transfer
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
• Interrelated system of appropriate technologies
• Generation, collection, storage and processing,
transfer and transport, and disposal
• At the lowest possible cost and risk to health
WASTE HIERARCHY • Ordered sequence of initiatives • Used to identify steps in addressing the amount
WASTE HIERARCHY
• Ordered sequence of initiatives
• Used to identify steps in addressing the amount of
waste produced by society
FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT 1. Waste generation 2. On-site handling, storage and processing 3.
FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SOLID
WASTE MANAGEMENT
1.
Waste generation
2.
On-site handling, storage and processing
3.
Collection
4.
Transfer and Transport
5.
Processing and Recovery
6.
Disposal
SOLID WASTE GENERATION • Act or process of producing wastes • Source Reduction – reduction before
SOLID WASTE GENERATION
• Act or process of producing wastes
• Source Reduction – reduction before it enters the
solid waste stream
• 3 R’s:
• Reduce – avoidance of wasteful consumption and
minimizing wastes
• Reuse – recovering materials without altering its physical
characteristics
• Recycle – transformation into new materials
ON-SITE STORAGE • Requirements: • With fitting covers • Sufficient in size or number • Made
ON-SITE STORAGE
• Requirements:
• With fitting covers
• Sufficient in size or number
• Made of water-proof material
• Small enough to be carried easily
• Accessible to collector, not subject to flooding and located
away from food storage
COLLECTION • Important points to consider: • Regular collection • Vehicles transporting refuse should be properly
COLLECTION
• Important points to consider:
• Regular collection
• Vehicles transporting refuse should be properly covered
• Route to final destination site should be direct as possible
TRANSFER AND TRANSPORT • Means and facilities used to effect the transfer of wastes from relatively
TRANSFER AND TRANSPORT
• Means and facilities used to effect the transfer of
wastes from relatively small to larger vehicles and to
transport them to processing centers or disposal
sites
PROCESSING TECHNIQUES 1. Mechanical volume reduction • Compaction • Balling of papers for recycling • Used
PROCESSING TECHNIQUES
1.
Mechanical volume reduction
• Compaction
• Balling of papers for recycling
• Used to increase life of landfills
2.
Thermal volume reduction
• Incineration
• Generation of toxic air pollutants
3.
Manual component separation
• Can be accomplished at the source
RESOURCE RECOVERY • Collection, extraction or sorting of recyclable materials from the waste stream • Recyclable
RESOURCE RECOVERY
• Collection, extraction or sorting of recyclable
materials from the waste stream
• Recyclable items are bought by manufacturing
plants for processing to produce goods
DISPOSAL 1. Burial – in pits and covered with soil; should at least be 25 meters
DISPOSAL
1.
Burial – in pits and covered with soil; should at least
be 25 meters away from any well used for waster
supply
2.
Open burning
3.
Feeding to animals
4.
Composting
5.
Grinding and disposal sewer – “garbage grinders”
attached to kitchen sinks
6.
Sanitary landfill
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT M A R I K I N A C I T Y
SOLID WASTE
MANAGEMENT
M A R I K I N A
C I T Y
CITY ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT OFFICE (CEMO) FUNCTION: Provide environmental sanitation services such as garbage collection, street cleaning,
CITY ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT
OFFICE (CEMO)
FUNCTION:
Provide environmental sanitation services such
as garbage collection, street cleaning, enforcement
of ordinances and conduct environmental
education and information.
ORDINANCES Ordinance No. 135, s. 1994 - Improper Disposal. Ordinance No. 073, s. 2002 – Anti-Littering
ORDINANCES
Ordinance No. 135, s. 1994 - Improper Disposal.
Ordinance No. 073, s. 2002 – Anti-Littering Code of
Marikina.
Ordinance No. 201, s. 2000 – Prohibits burning of
garbage.
Ordinance No. 120, s. 2004 – Prohibits Scavengers.
Ordinance No. 210, s. 1994
Ordinance No. 046, s. 2002 - Requires segregation
of garbage.
Ordinance No. 233, s. 2001 – impose charges in
special garbage collection.
Ordinance
No.
242,
s.
2001
Annual
waste
Management Seminar to establishment.
SERVICES • Garbage collection and disposal • Transfer station • Road washing / flushing • Waste
SERVICES
• Garbage collection and disposal
• Transfer station
• Road washing / flushing
• Waste management lectures / seminars
• Dismantling of posts / billboards
• Provision of arm roll containers
• Special trips
SERVICES • Public announcement through garbage truck • Post-disaster rehabilitation • Separate Collection of: - Oversized
SERVICES
• Public announcement through garbage truck
• Post-disaster rehabilitation
• Separate Collection of:
-
Oversized or extra ordinary waste
-
Yard waste
-
Construction wastes
-
Tires & rubber
-
Used cooking oil
SERVICES • Grass cutting • Waste Segregation • Balik – Baterya Program • Materials Recovery Facility
SERVICES
• Grass cutting
• Waste Segregation
• Balik – Baterya Program
• Materials Recovery Facility (MRF)
Includes the solid waste transfer station or sorting station;
to ensure the protection of public health and environment
and also to encourage resources conservation, recovery and
its target on waste reduction , through source reduction and
waste minimization measures including composting,
recycling, reuse, recovery and others.
SERVICES • Eco-savers program The program aims to educate children and ultimately gets them to practice
SERVICES
• Eco-savers program
The program aims to educate children and ultimately
gets them to practice the R’s of ecological waste
management which are Reduce, Reuse, Repair and Recycle.
The City Government believes that one of the better ways of
getting this program possible is thru school children.
• Buy Back Center
It refers to a recycling center that purchases or otherwise
accepts recyclable materials from the public for the purpose
of recovering such materials
WASTE SEGREGATION PROGRAM • Segregate Garbage in to two types: Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable. • Schedule of
WASTE SEGREGATION PROGRAM
• Segregate Garbage in to two types: Biodegradable
and Non-Biodegradable.
• Schedule of Garbage Collection:
Biodegradable / Non-recyclable ---- Green truck
Non-biodegradable / Recyclable ---- Pink truck