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TIVET AS AN ALTERNATIVE PATHWAY TO HIGHER EDUCATION

Presented By

Mujumba Obwoyere
Principal Technical Education Officer

TIVET is a acronym form indicating Technical, Industrial, Vocational and Entrepreneurship Training. It covers components of: Technical Training
Industrial Training Vocational Training

Entrepreneurship Training

Each being a wholesome training subsystem

with a distinct curriculum process.

Academic and vocational preparation of students for

jobs involving applied science and modern technology. It emphasizes the understanding and practical application of basic principles of science and mathematics. Prepares graduates for occupations that are classed above the skilled crafts but below the scientific or engineering professions. People so employed are frequently called technicians.

Students build their careers from apprenticeships The employer helps the apprentice learn their

trade, in exchange for their continuing labour for an agreed period after they become skilled. These persons are trained in basic skills required to do jobs of say operator or a craftsman. The theoretical knowledge and skills are taught informally at either the workplace or formally by attending vocational schools The employer meets the cost of such training

It prepares learners for jobs that are based in manual or practical activities
It is traditionally non-academic and totally related

to a specific trade, occupation or vocation This means that the learner participates and attains proficiency in manual skills.

Entrepreneurship training seeks to provide students with knowledge, skills and motivation to encourage establishment of successful

enterprises in a variety of settings. It aims at: Upgrading the social and economic status of self

employment as a career alternative; Stimulating entrepreneurial attributes in the young in TIVET trainees; Facilitating the development of entrepreneurial ideas; Promoting the overall development on an enterprise culture into the country;

The goal of TIVET is to provide and promote lifelong education and training for self-reliance.
This means providing equitable access to good

quality skills training relevant to the labour market

Developing appropriate skills at all levels through practical training and work experience.
Providing adequate skilled manpower at all levels

of the economy. Promoting active and continuous transfer of technology through collaborative approaches with relevant industries. Providing increased training opportunities for the increasing number of school leavers.

The Concept of TIVET in the context of Vision 2030


Value addition to Kenyan Products SMEs creation Wealth creation Value addition to previously wasted products Local food and products safety improvement Technology based wealth creation at local level

Trained Students

Trained Techno-preneurs

Increase of Agricultural Production

ST&I Infrastructure in TTIs, ITs and Youth Polytechnics


Rapid Prototyping(Fab Labs) /Small scale Processing Plants/ Technology-Based

Business Incubators / Mentors

Students Local Community

Entrepreneurs

Local technologies & Products

Structure of Education and Training System


HIGHER EDUCATION TIVET ECCD PRIMARY EDUCATION BASIC EDUCATION

Se nior Sc ie ntis ts

HIGHER DOCTORATE
Doctorate Technical Doctorates

Ph.D
Master of Arts Master of Science

Ph.D
Master of Technology

Above 18

MA, MSc

M.Tech

TIVET UNIVERSITY
Undergraduate
ARTISAN AND CRAFT DIPLOMA AND UNDERGRADUATE Bachelor of Technology

SECONDARY CYCLE
15 - 18 (FOUR YEARS)

BASIC TIVET
ARTISAN AND CRAFT (FOUR YEARS)

6 - 14

THE PRIMARY CYCLE (EIGHT YEARS)

4-6 3-4 0-3

ECCD (TWO YEARS) ECCD (ONE YEAR) ECCD (THREE YEARS)

The childs skills and talents are identified and nurtured

Pre-primary
Takes 2 years Age 4 - 6 years

The TIVET concept infused in the form of awareness and appreciation through subjects like Science, Arts and Craft.

Primary
Takes 8 years Age 6 14 years

At the end of this level the students will have acquired entry

Pre-primary
Takes 2 years Age 4 - 6 years

requirements to pursue both secondary level education and Artisan level courses.

Primary
Takes 8 years Age 6 14 years

Primary
Takes 8 years Age 6 14 Years

The TIVET concept at this level is exploratory The students learn concepts and skills that promote problem solving, creativity,

Secondary
Takes 4 years Age 14 18 Years

innovation and skills for self reliance.

Primary
Takes 8 years Age 6 14 Years

The students will acquire qualification to pursue both university education

Secondary
Takes 4 years Age 14 18 Years

and craft or diploma courses. The technical secondary schools try to balance of technical and general education.

TIVET Curriculum in Kenya..


The TIVET system is being modernized and will be driven by curricula that profiles competencies and learning standards that the products of the

system must meet. This directs TIVET institutions to embrace the philosophy and practice of competency-based education, training and certification

The Curriculum Structure in TIVET


Designing and Implementing Creativity
Supervise production systems

Skilled Tradesmen Artisan


Crafts Certificate

Diploma

Making or Designing Products & Production Systems

Degree

Supervise production lines

Primary
Takes 8 years Age 6 14 Years

The trainees acquire knowledge and appreciate techniques

Craft and Artisan


Takes 4 years Age 14 18 Years

and materials that enable them to do a job with greater efficiency and understanding. The trainee becomes a skilled tradesman

Primary
Takes 8 years Age 6 14 Years

The minimum entry requirements to the course is KCPE or a

Craft and Artisan


Takes 4 years Age 14 18 Years

Master Craftsman Certificate. Those who wish to study further can join craft courses.

Trainees acquire basic

decision making skills and work procedures involving machines and hand tools To qualify for this course one should have secondary education with a mean grade of D (plain) in KCSE and D (plain) in Mathematics, English and Physics or have an artisan certificate Those who wish to study further join Diploma courses.

Primary
Takes 8 years Age 6 14 Years

Craft and Artisan


Takes 4 years Age 14 18 Years

Secondary/Craft& Artisan Level

Takes 4 years

Age 14 18 Years

It provides trainees with practical skill relevant to their trade areas to co-

ordinate the work of other technical personnel.

Higher Education (Diploma in TIVET)

Takes different Times

Age Above 18 years

Secondary/Craft& Artisan Level

Takes 4 years

Age 14 18 Years

The trainees acquire both mental and practical abilities to


solve work problems, understand the work processes and the principles of science

Higher Education (Diploma in TIVET)

Takes different Times

Age Above 18 years

associated with the occupation and the increasing complexity of technology.

To pursue this course one should have secondary level education or be holders of TIVET craft certificates.
The minimum entry requirements is KCSE minimum

grade C (plain) with a bias in TIVET subjects those taking technology courses. Those with no TIVET subjects must have attained C (plain) in Mathematics, English and Physics as an added requirement for entry in those courses. Those who wish to further their studies will join undergraduate courses offered in TIVET University at the 2nd year.

The programme offers trainees with relevant knowledge and skills in

Secondary/Diploma Level

the application of management or scientific principles to the analysis and synthesis of production processes

Higher Education (undergraduate)

Takes different Times

Age Above 18 years

The minimum entry requirements KCSE minimum grade B+ or

Secondary/Diploma Level

better grades will be admitted directly into Bachelor of Technology degree programmes with a bias in TIVET subjects.

Higher Education (undergraduate)

Takes different Times

Age Above 18 years

Diploma TIVET graduates will take only 2 years to complete their degree programmes.
Those who want to pursue further education will

join Masters Degree programmes and finally the Doctor of Technology degrees in various fields of TIVET.

(Sessional Paper No. 1)

This programme is currently structured into three levels of Government Trade Tests (GTT); one to three. It is offered to trainees without primary education certificate It offered in a variety of trades

where skills are imparted for self and formal employment.

KCSE
Diploma Degree

KCSTE
Diploma Degree

Progression Pathways..

KCSE

KCSTE

Craft
Diploma Degree

Craft
Diploma Degree

Non formal/ primary Trade test grade III Trade Test grade II Trade test Grade I

Artisan

Craft
Diploma Degree

The acquisition of knowledge and skills for the world of work to increase opportunities in both urban and rural communities for
productive work; sustainable livelihoods; personal empowerment and socio-economic development for both women and men.

The End Products in TIVET..

Scientists
Interprets nature: constructs theoretical explanations of how things work; predicts

Engineers
Conceptualizes, designs & implements

Technologists
Makes Prototypes Products

Technicians
Maintains Production Systems Running

Craftsmen and skilled operators

The Distribution

1 Engineer/Scientist 5 Technicians 10 craftsmen 20 skilled operators

Source: Manpower survey report; 1986

Career development ability

Management Ability

Communication ability

Core Competencies

Professional skills ability

New technology Uses ability

Innovation Research ability

THE END
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