Sie sind auf Seite 1von 30

Sustainable Tourism Development

By Ravindra singh and Rahul Baghel IHM Bangalore

Definition
Sustainable tourism is tourism attempting to make as low impact on the environment and local culture as possible, while helping to generate future employment for local people. The aim of sustainable tourism is to ensure that development brings a positive experience for local people, tourism companies and the tourists themselves. "Sustainable tourism is an adopted practice in successful ecotourism. Environmental sustainability is one of the essential six principles that must be achieved at a 100% level.

Areas of sustainable tourism


human resources development; the economic impact of tourism; environmental management; infrastructure development and investment; facilitation of travel; and regional and sub regional cooperation.

Tradeoffs among the Three Main objectives of Sustainable Development


Economic Efficiency Social Equity

Preservation of the Environment

Trends towards more sustainable tourism Rapid expansion of the tourism sector
1.800 Actual 1.600 1.400 1.200 Forecasts 1561.1

Million

1.000 800

Forty-fold increase from 1950 to 2000


696.7

Tripling in two decades

600 400 200 0 1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

2010

2020

Tourism and sustainability

Sustainable Tourism: Now, celebrate the place

UNSUSTAINABLE TOURISM:
Overcrowding
Lower quality of experience Loss of distinctiveness Erosion of culture and environment

SUSTAINABLE TOURISM: First, do no harm.

Sustainable Tourism
Tourism that sustains or enhances the geographical character of a place its environment, culture, aesthetics, heritage, and the well-being of its residents.

From eco- to geoManage tourism so that it pays to protect the place, not destroy it.

Sightseeing
Cultural tourism ECOTOURISM: nature Heritage tourism Indigenou s tourism Local cuisine

Sustainable Tourism

Agritourism All place-based types of tourism = the ENTIRE destination

FLORA AND FAUNA

ARCHAEOLOGY

GEOLOGY

TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE

CUISINE

LOCAL MUSIC

LOCAL CRAFTS

ARTS

Going Beyond Green: Why Sustainable Tourism?


Sustainable Tourism is: Holistic - because sustainability is about more than just the environment: it incorporates culture and heritage Place-based - this grassroots strategy works from the bottom up, requiring the participation of the people who know the place best - its residents Marketable - Sustainable Tourism can create financial incentives for good destination stewardship, which in turn generates more interest - and spending - by tourists Competitive - Sustainable Tourism emphasizes, enhances and encourages development of the most unique aspects of a destination, making it a more desirable place

And most of all


Sustainable Tourism engages tourists, who have a more authentic experience
and residents, who gain a deeper appreciation for what makes their place unique

The Sustainable Tourism Charter

A set of principles to promote sustainable tourism and enlightened destination stewardship

The Sustainable Tourism Principles


1. Integrity of place 2. International codes 3. Market selectivity 4. Product diversity 5. Tourist satisfaction 6. Community involvement 7. Community benefit 8. Protection and enhancement of destination appeal 9. Use land wisely 10. Conservation of resources 11. Planning 12. Interactive interpretation 13. Evaluation

A Sustainable Tourism Strategy


Identify Sustain Develop Market

Sustainable Tourism assets

Mandawa marionetas

Restored Farmhouse, Norway

Coral Reef

Fish Salting Demonstration, Nova Scotia

Set up a Sustainable Tourism Stewardship Council that includes:


Community organizations for. . . Historic preservation Nature and ecotourism Traditional performing arts, artisanry and crafts Farm/restaurant programs Beautification/aesthetics Indigenous and minority groups Urban renewal Local government Tourism and local business expertise Tourism promotion Other characteristics of the place

Tell great stories.

Celebrate Authenticity

Enhance sense of place through: Sustainable Tourism Charter signing, Establishment of a Stewardship Council, Sustainable private enterprise, Conservation and preservation

Civic participation

Vermont Northeast Kingdom Project

The Sustainable Tourism test: Are we sustaining or enhancing the character of our place?