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Introduction: HSPA
High Speed Packet Access HSPA=HSDPA + HSUPA Extends and improves the performance of existing 3rd

generation mobile telecommunication networks utilizing the WCDMA protocols.

Adoption of HSPA

High Speed Downlink Packet Access High speed data enhancement for

WCDMA/UMTS Peak theoretical speeds of 14.4 Mbps Reduced packet delays to as low as 2 msec Characteristics of HSDPA : Increased data rate Lower latency Improved system capacity Fast Packet Scheduling

HSDPA Transmission scheme

High Speed Downlink Shared Channel(HS-DSCH) is a combination of three channels: High Speed Signaling Control Channel (HSSCCH) High Speed Dedicated Physical Control Channel(HS-DPCCH) High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel(HS-PDSCH)


High Speed Uplink Packet Access High speed data enhancement for

WCDMA/UMTS Peak theoretical speeds of 6 Mbps Reduced packet delays to as low as 30 msec Characteristics of HSUPA : Increased data rate Lower latency Improved system capacity Fast Packet Scheduling


GGSN- Gateway GPRS Support Node SGSN- Serving GPRS Support Node RNC- Radio n/w Controller DHCP-Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol HSS-Home subscriber server PCRF-Policy Control & Charging Rules Function

Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) Protocol conversion Authentication of GPRS users Mobility management Data compression

Gateway GPRS Support Node(GGSN) Routing mobile-destined packets coming from external networks to the relevant SGSN

Interfaces to external IP networks Collects charging data and traffic statistics Allocates dynamic or static IP addresses

Domain Name Servers(DNS) These devices convert IP names into IP addresses.

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol(DHCP)

Network protocol that is used to configure devices which are connected to a network (known as hosts) so that they can communicate on an IP network.
Policy and Charging Rules Function(PCRF)

Responsible for billing and charging of calls.

Use of higher order modulation Shorter Transmission Time Interval (TTI) Use of shared channel transmission

Use of link adaptation

Advantages of HSPA

Facilitate migration from current HSPA

infrastructure to HSPA+ infrastructure. Achieve performance close to LTE in 5 MHz of spectrum. Provide smooth internetworking between HSPA and LTE, thereby facilitating the operation of both technologies. Allow operation in a packet-only mode for both voice and data.

HSPA offers much higher peak data rates, reaching in

theory up to 14 Mbps in the downlink and 5,4 Mbps in the uplink, in addition to reduced delays HSPA improved also the performance of delay critical low bit rate services like VoIP even though it was not originally designed for it Continuous Packet Connectivity (CPC) enhancements introduced in Release 7 improved VoIP performance even more

Future Goals
A flat architecture and signaling enhancement

design to reduce latency. Conceptually peak data rates can double on the downlink through multiple antenna MIMO technology. Discontinuous receive combined with gating can reduce battery consumption. Can increase cell throughput and capacities.

D. Divsalar, M. K. Simon and D. Raphael, Improved Parallel Interference

Cancellation for CDMA, IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. 46, No. 2, pp.258-268, Feb. 1998. M.K. Varanasi and B. Aazhang, Multistage detection for asynchronous code division multiple-access communications, IEEE Transactions on Communications, COM-38(4), Apr. 1990.