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PRESENTATION ON:

TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT


METHODS

Presented by: punam patil mukesh pati

TRAINING METHODS:

Training methods are means desired objectives set for a training program me. In practice, a variety of training methods are employed fore achieving these objectives. The choice of training methods would depend on a variety of factors, such as: purpose of training nature of contents relevance to the participatnts levels of trainees cost, etc.

TYPES OF TRAINING METHODS


1) 2) 3) 4)

On the- job oriented training methods Simulation methods Knowledge-based methods Experiential methods

ON -THE JOB ORIENTED TRAINING METHODS


On-the-job oriented training methods

On-the job training

Job instruction training

coaching

Job rotation

ON THE-JOB TRAINING:

In this methods, the new employee is placed on a job and taught the skills necessary to perform it. A trainer or superior teaches the employee. Since trainee learn by observing and handing the job ,this method is also termed as observing, and copying or learning by doing.

JOB INSTRUCTION TRAINING


In this method, a trainer or supervisor gives instruction to an employee how to perform his job. There are four steps involved in this form of training.

Presentation Presentation Performance Follow up

COACHING:

In this method, the superior teaches or guides the new employee about the knowledge and skills of a specifically define job.

JOB ROTATION: In this method, a trainee moves from one job to another and from one department to another.

SIMULATION

METHOD

Simulation is a technique which duplicates, as nearly as possible, the actual condition encountered on a job. The methods falling under this category are follows:
Simulation cmethod

Role play

Case method

Management game

In-baskett exercise

Vestibule training

KNOWLEDGE-BASED METHOD

In this method, an attempt is made to impart employees knowledge in any subject area covering the aspects like its concepts and theory, basic principals and pure and applied knowing of the subject.
Knowledgebased method

lectures

conferences

Programmed instruction

EXPERIENTIAL METHODS

The objective of these methods is to help an individual understand one-self and others. this is done through attitudinal change. such understanding helps an individual undershand the dynamics of human relationships in a work situation, including at times his managerial style.
Experiential methods

Sensitivity training

Transactional analysis