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PUBLIC RELATIONS AND ETHICS

A match made in Heaven. . . Or Hell?

Prof. Virender Raina

Public Relations and Ethics


Ethics and the law are attempts to restrict behavior and practices in an effort to protect the public welfare.
Ethics are enforced by personal judgment or a professional code of conduct. The law is enforced by the government.

Prof. Virender Raina

Public Relations and Ethics


The law is often interpreted in black and white. Ethics fall into a gray area because we have different standards, perceptions, values.

Prof. Virender Raina

Public Relations and Ethics


Public relations professionals make ethical decisions that must satisfy: Their employer The public interest Their professional organization Their personal values

Prof. Virender Raina

Public Relations and Ethics


PR professionals are often called: Spin doctors Flaks What they do is often referred to as a: Ploy Maneuver

Prof. Virender Raina

Public Relations and Ethics


A PR professionals job is to: Advocate Influence Communicate Promote Move others to action

Prof. Virender Raina

Public Relations and Ethics


Ethics experts agree that there are three systems of ethics: Deontology or Absolutist: every decision is right or wrong -- black or white. Consequences dont matter. This system depends on the inner-based, self discipline of each individual.

Prof. Virender Raina

Public Relations and Ethics


Teleology or Existentialist: the ends justify the means. Golden Mean or Utilitarian: each situation is judged on what would cause the most good and the least harm -whats best for the majority, the greatest good or the greatest number.
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Public Relations and Ethics


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A public relation practitioner serves five masters: The client The employer Your colleagues Yourself Society

Prof. Virender Raina

Public Relations and Ethics


Are public relations professionals philosophers or craftsmen?

Prof. Virender Raina

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Public Relations and Ethics


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The most common dilemmas faced by PR professionals are: Gifts Misleading Information Promotion of Inferior products Gain at the expense of others Political Action Committees Promotion of illegal products abroad

Prof. Virender Raina

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Public Relations and Ethics


In 1992, at the age of 100, Edward Bernays tried to have the vocation of public relations licensed.

Prof. Virender Raina

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Public Relations Assignment


You work for a public relations firm that has just accepted a pharmaceutical firm that manufacturers, Feelfit, the energy generator. You have been assigned the task for developing a campaign to promote the product to doctors and healthcare workers. Please write a 1-2 page paper explaining how you handle the situation, citing the specific ethical guidelines/philosophy that you would follow and why.
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Prof. Virender Raina

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