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Patient and Family Education Implementation at Benguet General Hospital

Introduction

Background of the study

Conceptual Framework

Correct and standardized health education for patients and their families can certainly have a positive impact on the health of clients. Hence, nurses must be able to follow the said standards. For this reason the concept from the JCAHO Patient and Family Education (PFE) Standard is used to support the study.

Paradigm of the study

INDEPENDENT VARIABLE

DEPENDENT VARIABLE

Patient and Family Education Standards:

Level IV Student Nurse of Benguet State University

1. Support to Patient and Family Participation 2. Meeting of Patients Ongoing Needs 3. Appropriate Topics for Patient Care 4. Consideration of Patient and Family Preferences

Statement of the Problem

The study aimed to determine the implementation of Patient and Family Education Standards of Benguet State University student nurses at Benguet General Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward. Specifically, it sought to answer the following: 1. Are the Patient and Family Education Standards implemented by the Benguet State University student nurses at Benguet General Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward, in terms of: a. Support to Patient and Family Participation b. Meeting of Patients Ongoing Needs c. Appropriate Topics for Patient Care d. Consideration of Patient and Family Preferences

Hypothesis of the Study

1.More than 50% of the Benguet State University student nurses implement the Patient and Family Education Standards at Benguet General Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward, in terms of: a.Support to Patient and Family Participation b.Meeting of Patients Ongoing Needs c.Appropriate Topics for Patient Care d.Consideration of Patient and Family Preferences

Methodology

Research Design

The researchers will utilize a descriptive and quantitative research method in order to gather data and analyze information on the implementation of the JCAHO Patient and Family Education Standards at Benguet General Hospital ObstetricsGynecology Ward by student nurses of Benguet State University.

Locale and Population

The target population were forty (40) randomly-selected Level IV students of Benguet State University who already went on duty at the ObstetricsGynecology Ward of Benguet General Hospital.

Instrumentation

The study used the questionnaire to obtain information on the implementation of the JCAHO Patient and Family Education Standards at Benguet General Hospital ObstetricsGynecology Ward by the student nurses of Benguet State University.

Statistical Treatment

Frequency is the tabular arrangement of data by classes or categories together with corresponding class. Then, the following percentile rank will be determined using the following formula:

= 100

Results and Discussion

TABLE 1. Support to Patient and Family Participation


a. I tell my patient that signing the informed consent means that she was informed of the procedure she is about to undergo. a. I tell my patients the necessary information regarding care decisions to the best of my ability. a. I give health teachings on how my patient can participate in self-care. a. I give health teachings on how the patients family can participate in the care of the patient. a. I give health teachings regarding the financial implications of care decisions. Average YES NO Freq % Freq % 35 87.5 5 12.5

30 29 21 15

75

10

25 27.5 47.5 62.5 35

72.5 11 52.5 19 37.5 25 65

TABLE 2. Meeting of Patients Ongoing Needs


YES
Freq %
90 62.5 85 42.5 70

NO
Freq
4 15 6 23

%
10 37.5 15 57.5 30

a. Daily activities a. Coping techniques appropriate for the situation a. Important information regarding current condition a. Available community support groups for the patient and her family Average

36 25 34 17

TABLE 3. Appropriate Topics for Patient Care on Educating the Patient


YES Freq % 32 80 31 77.5 36 90 34 85 33 82.5 25 62.5 26 21 65 52.5 74. 38 NO Freq % 8 20 9 22.5 4 10 6 15 7 17.5 15 37.5 14 19 35 47.5 25.62

a. a. a. a. a. a.

Safe use of medications Effective use of medications Side effects of medications Safe use of equipment Effective use of equipment Prevention of food and drug interactions a. Appropriate diet and nutrition a. Rehabilitation techniques available Average

TABLE 4. Appropriate Topics for Patient Care on Educating the Patients Family
YES Freq % 26 65 28 70 24 60 26 65 19 47.5 26 65 15 37.5 15 37.5 55.94 NO Freq % 14 35 12 30 16 40 14 35 21 52.5 14 35 25 62.5 25 62.5 44.06

a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a.

Safe use of medications Effective use of medications Side effects of medications Safe use of equipment Effective use of equipment Prevention of food and drug interactions Appropriate diet and nutrition Rehabilitation techniques available Average

TABLE 5. Consideration of Patients Preferences


YES NO Fre % Fre % q q 40 100 0 0 35 87.5 5 12.5 29 72.5 11 27.5 26 65 14 35 35 87.5 5 12.5 30 75 10 25 81.2 18.7 5 5

a. a. a. a. a. a.

Beliefs Values Literacy and educational level Emotional barriers Physical limitations Willingness to receive information Average

TABLE 6. Consideration of Patients Family Preferences


YES Freq a. Beliefs a. Values 35 31 % 87.5 77.5 NO Freq 5 9 % 12.5 22.5

a. Literacy and educational level


a. Emotional barriers a. Physical limitations

26
27 15

65
67.5 37.5

14
13 25

35
32.5 62.5

a. Willingness to receive information


Average

32

80
69.17

20
30.83

Summary

This study aimed to determine the implementation of Patient and Family Education Standards of Benguet State University student nurses at Benguet General Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward. Specifically, it aimed to determine the Patient and Family Education Standards implemented by the Benguet State University student nurses at Benguet General Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward, in terms of: support to patient and family participation, meeting of patients ongoing needs, appropriate topics for patient care, and consideration of patient and family preferences.

The descriptive research design and a structured questionnaire are utilized to gather the data. The respondents were forty (40) randomly-selected Level IV students of Benguet State University who already went on duty at the ObstetricsGynecology Ward of Benguet General Hospital. The statistical methods used were relative frequency and percentage. The study was conducted from February to March 2013.

Findings

1. 65% of the respondents implement the support to patient and family education aspect of patient and family education standards. 2. 70% of the respondents implement the meeting of patients ongoing needs aspect of patient and family education. 3. 74.38% of the respondents implement appropriate topics for patient on educating the patient. 4. 55.94 of the respondents implement appropriate topics for patient care on educating the patients family. 5. 81.25% of the respondents consider patients preferences when implementing patient and family education. 6. 69.17% of the respondents consider patients family preferences when implementing patient and family education.

Conclusions

1. More than 50% of the Benguet State University student nurses implement the Patient and Family Education Standards at Benguet General Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Ward, in terms of support to Patient and Family Participation, Meeting of Patients Ongoing Needs, Appropriate Topics for Patient Care and Consideration of Patient and Family Preferences. 2. Considering the patients preferences when implementing patient and family education is the strength of the Benguet State University student nurses, among the other aspects of patient and family education.

Recommendations

1.The students of Benguet State UniversityCollege of Nursing to review the patient and family education standards and implement them effectively and efficiently. 2.The instructors of Benguet State University-College of Nursing to add topics regarding patient and family education standards on their discussions, lessons, and examinations.

3. Further studies on other aspects of patient care such as medication administration. 4. Future study to consider variables such as age, academic and clinical performance ratings.

Thank you so much!