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Harold C.


Stanley L. Miller

an experiment that simulated hypothetical conditions thought at the time to be present on the early Earth, and tested for the occurrence of chemical origins of life
tested Alexander Oparin's and J. B. S. Haldane's hypothesis that conditions on the primitive Earth favored chemical reactions that synthesized organic compounds from inorganic precursors conducted in 1952 and published in 1953

Analysis showed that organic molecules including glycine and alanine (simple amino acids), urea, aldehydes, and carboxylic acids were produced

The gases used in the experiment are:

Water (H2O) Methane (CH4) Ammonia (NH3)

Hydrogen (H2)

In 1668, Francesco Redi started an experiment with three jars, flies, maggots, and rotting meat to disprove the theory of Spontaneous Generation.

Francesco Redi

The experiment went as follows:

Redi placed rotting meat in three jars.

In the first jar, he left the jar open to the air.

The experiment went as follows:



On the 3rd jar, he On the 2nd jar, he placed a cover on the placed a gauze or netting over the jar. jar.

1. Unsealed maggots on meat 2. Sealed no maggots on meat 3. Gauze few maggots on gauze, none on meat

putting together with light. is the process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds of sugar. The overall chemical reaction involved in photosynthesis is:

Photosynthetic organisms are called photoautotrophs.

Where photosynthesis takes place

Contains thylakoids The thylakoids contain chlorophyll.

- the green pigment that captures light

for photosynthesis

Uses energy (ATP and NADPH) from light reaction to make sugar (glucose).

1. There will be no food production. 2. The plants cant filter carbon dioxide, and humans would keep exhaling it. This would lead to the death of all plants and animals, since plants use photosynthesis to create food for themselves, and humans need oxygen to live. 3. The food cycle would be disturbed as the Food Chain starts with plants as they produce glucose through photosynthesis.

When does the Urey-Miller experiment conducted?

A. 1951 B. 1952 C. 1953

Which of the following gases in NOT used in the Urey-Miller experiment?

A. Hydrogen B. Oxygen C. Methane

Which of the following conducted the Redi Experiment?

It is the process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds of sugar.

A. Protein synthesis B. Chemosynthesis C. Photosynthesis

Where does photosynthesis takes place?

1. B
2. B

4. C
5. B

3. B