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KAFO

Kelompok 2: Fityan hafidz Miftakhulfalah R Setiyaji agung W

KAFO
Sebuah orthosis yang mencakup wilayah knee joint, ankle joint dan foot.

Sejarah KAFO

KAFOs
Designs Materials Uprights Joints

KAFO Designs
Metal Plastic Hybrid Ischial weight bearing

KAFO Materials
Metal KAFOs
Uprights Bands Joints Stirrups Leatherwork

KAFO Materials
Plastic KAFOs
Thermoplastics Uprights Joints Straps

KAFO Uprights
Aluminum
Lightweight

Stainless Steel
Heavier but stronger

KAFO Knee Joints


Free/limited motion Locking

KAFO Knee Joints


Single Axis Free Motion
Controls hyperextension When M-L control is needed

KAFO Knee Joints


Offset Free Motion
Axis is posterior Increased knee extension stability

(left) Ground Reaction Force in front of the Offset Knee Joint will produce an extension moment, maintaining the knee in extension, creating a stable KAFO (right) GRF behind the Offset Knee Joint will produce a Flexion moment, allowing the knee to flex, creating an unstable KAFO

KAFO Knee Joints


Polycentric Free Motion
Multiple axes of motion More closely approximates instantaneous axis of rotation in anatomical knee joint

KAFO Knee Joints


Drop Lock
Metal ring drops over top of joint, preventing flexion Simplest of locks

KAFO Knee Joints


Bale Lock
Both locks are connected by metal hoop, or bale Locks are disengaged by pulling bale up Locks engage automatically when orthosis is extended

Metal KAFO Ankle Joints


Free motion Dorsiflexion assist Double-action

Metal KAFO Ankle Joints


Free/Limited Motion
ROM determined by stirrup head shape

Metal KAFO Ankle Joints


Dorsiflexion Assist
Posterior spring creates dorsiflexion moment

Metal KAFO Ankle Joints


Double-action
Anterior & posterior channels allow for insertion of pins and/or springs to provide various combinations of ROM and assist

Plastic KAFO Ankle Joints


Free or limited motion Variable motion

Plastic KAFO Ankle Joints


Tamarack
Flexible with no ROM control One variant can produce dorsiflexion assist

DF Assist

Neutral

Plastic KAFO Ankle Joints


Oklahoma
More rigid than Tamarack with single axis of motion No inherent ROM control

Plastic KAFO Ankle Joints


Friddle Variable Motion
Allows fixed or variable ROM Cannot be adjusted on patient

Plastic KAFO Ankle Joints


Camber ankle joint
Cams are installed to create limited ROM One of several designs using interchangeable components to produce specific ROM