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The K-12 Basic Education Program

Education is the key to the long-term problems of the country. If we fix basic education, we fix the long-term problems of the country. And if we fix the countrys problems, we will build a truly strong society. . .
-Pres. Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III

10-Point Basic Education Agenda

1. 12-Year Basic Education Cycle

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Universal Kindergarten
Madaris Education Technical-Vocational Education Every Child a Reader by Grade One Science and Math Proficiency GASTPE (Gov. Assistance to Student and Teachers to Private Education) Medium of Instruction Quality Textbooks

10. Covenant with LGUs

The Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year pre-university program.

The majority who do not go to college are too young to enter the labor force. Thus, they would either be unemployed or be vulnerable to exploitative labor practices. Those who may be interested to set up businesses cannot legally enter into contracts.

Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation. . .

Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation. . .
The few, (only 23%) who would proceed to tertiary education, usually have to undergo remedial and high school level classes in colleges and universities. Those who graduate (17%) may not be recognized as professionals abroad.

Our graduates are being disadvantaged by their youth and inadequate preparation. . .
The Washington Accord prescribes 12 years of basic education as an entry to recognition of engineering professionals. The Bologna Accord requires 12 years of education for university admission and practice of profession in European countries.

We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.
Aquino III -Pres. Benigno Simeon C.

2 years

Senior High School Junior High School

4 years

6 years

K-6-4-2 System

1 year

Key Features of K to 12
Enhancement of the basic education curriculum is the central focus of K to 12. The enhanced curriculum will offer areas of specialization or electives such as science and technology, arts, sports, journalism, techvoc, foreign language, entreperneurship, and subjects for advanced placement.

New Features of the K-12 Basic Education Curriculum

Vertical continuum and horizontal articulation of competencies Mother Tongue as a learning area and medium of instruction

Spiral progression in Science and Math

MAPEH (Music, Arts, Physical Education, and Health) begins in Grade 1

Mother Tongue

Learning Areas

Grades 1 to 6

Learning Areas for Grades 1 to 1o

Grades 7 -10 Grade Levels

1-3 1-6 1-6 1-6

Filipino Mathematics Araling Panlipunan Edukasyon sa

1(2nd sem)-6

Science MAPEH

3-6 1-6


Time 7:00-7:15 7:15-7:25 7:25-7:55 Learning Areas Pambansang Awit Homeroom Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao 30 Number of Minutes

8:45-9:15 9:15-9:35 9:35-10:15 10:15-10:45 10:45-11:35 1:00-1:30

Mother Tongue
Filipino RECESS Araling Panlipunan English (Oral Fluency) 2nd Semester Mathematics Remediation, Reinforcement, Enrichment Activities or Optional Religious Instruction

30 40 30 50




Time Allotment
NOMENCLATURE/L EARNING AREA G1 1st Sem. Language Arts Mother Tongue Filipino English Science Mathematics Araling Panlipunan 50 30 50 40 2nd Sem.

Grades 1 to 6 (No. of Minutes Daily)

G2 G3 G4 G5 G6

Grades 7 to 10 (Weekly)

50 30 30 50 40

50 50 50 50 40

50 50 50 50 50 40

50 50 50 50

50 50 50 50 40

50 50 50 50 40

4 hrs 4 hrs 4 hrs 4 hrs 3 hrs



40 30 240

40 30 270

40 30 310

40 30 360


40 30 360

4 hrs
4 hrs 2 hrs 29 hrs

30 360


Grades 7-12
Core Curriculum and Career Paths

Filipino learners, in order to be globally competitive, need to develop 21st century core skills( digital age literacy, inventive thinking, effective communication, and high productivity) and be functionally literate. Aside from the development of 21st century core skills, the extended high school program should be packaged for the preparation of students for career and higher education. This is because secondary education is designed primarily to provide the transition from school to work and from school to further learning.

The curriculum shall be designed to provide a blended career and college preparatory program. Putting the two on the same level and blending them will enhance the seamless relationship between career and higher education and give them equal social and economic value.

Grades 11-12 Grade

Core Academic Areas (5) Core Academic Areas(8)

include TLE (choice of AgriFishery, Industrial Arts, HE or ICT

Engineering/ Journalism/Foreign Language

Academic Specialization:

10 Grade
9 Grade 8 Grade 7

Tech-Voc Specialization
Sports/Arts Specialization

Core Academic Areas (8)

include TLE (choice of AgriFishery, Industrial Arts, HE or ICT)

Core Academic Areas (8)

include TLE (choice of AgriFishery, Industrial Arts, HE or ICT)

Junior/Senior HS Curriculum

Core Academic Areas (8)

include TLE (choice of Agri-

Fishery, Industrial Arts, HE or


SY 20152016 SY 20142015 SY 20132014 SY 20122013

Grade 10 Grade 9

Grade 8
Grade 7

Implementation of Junior HS

SY 20172018 SY 20162017

Grade 12
Grade 11

Implementation of Senior HS

Learning Areas for Grades 11 and 12

Learning Areas Language* Literature* Mathematics* Science* Social Sciences and Philosophy* Career Pathways (Track-dependent) Math Life Sciences Contemporary Issues Philosophy (Local) Entrepreneurship, TechVoc** Others (Arts, Sports, Security, Journalism, Science, etc) Grade 11 English Filipino English Filipino Philippine Literature (1st Sem) World Literature (2nd Sem) Math Physical Science Contemporary Issues (Global) Entrepreneurship, TechVoc** Others (Arts, Sports, Security, Journalism, Science, etc) Grade 12

National Service National Service Training Training Program Anchored on the College Readiness Standards of CHED Program
** Based on TESDA Training Regulations


Senior High School benefits different students in different ways.

Students who Students who Students who finish high complete 2 years complete college Reduction in school then work of college or college years Better income post-secondary offsets additional opportunities; Reduction in years of higher income cost of schooling schooling streams with additional 2 Higher Cost due to years of free productivity delayed education (about 9% employment income premium) offset by higher Higher college income streams completion rates

Completion of K to 12 education shall be compulsory for those who will go to college/university.

A full 12 years of basic education will be required for entry into tertiary level education by SY 2018-2019.

Graduates of K to 12 Basic Education Program are envisaged to be better prepared for life as they are expected to possess sufficient mastery of 21st century core skills; be emotionally developed and competent to live a meaningful life;

be socially aware, pro-active and involved in public and civic affairs;

be adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education; be legally employable; and

be globally competitive.

Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families

An enhanced curriculum will decongest academic workload, giving students more time to master competencies and time for extra-curricular activities, thus, allowing for their more holistic development. Graduates will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market. Graduates will be better prepared for higher education.

Benefits of K to 12 to Individuals and Families

Graduates will be able to earn higher wages and/or better prepared to start their own business. Studies in the Philippines have shown that an additional year of schooling increases earnings by 7.5%. Filipino graduates could be recognized abroad.

Benefits of K to 12 to Society and the Economy

K to 12 will contribute to economic growth. Several studies have shown that the improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by as much as 2%. A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio-economic development.

Who will cover the cost of the additional two years in high school?
Free for those in public schools Subsidized by the Government for those in the ESC program