You are on page 1of 16

Comparison of two eye tracking devices used on printed images

Barbora Komnkov
The Norwegian Color Research Laboratory Faculty of Computer Science and Media Technology Gjvik University College, Gjvik, Norway University of Pardubice, Czech Republic b.kominkova@seznam.cz, http://www.colorlab.no,
Gjvik University College, 7.6.2007 ,

Content of presentation
Introduction Aim Experiment

Media Images Description

Experimental results Discussion and results What the next?

Introduction

Eye tracking technologies are using in extensive area:

usability studies color imaging (image difference) reading studies development of internet pages, etc.

To do this kind of studies we need the eye tracker to be precise. Two eye tracking camera have been disposable (Remote eye tracking device and Head-mounted eye tracking device). It was not found that the head mounted eye tracking device was used in printed images.

Aim

Compare two eye tracking devices used on printed images Head-mounted Eye Tracking Device (HED) and Remote Eye Tracking Device (RED).
1. 2. 3. Is possibility to use the HED on printed images as RED? How to register a data from the HED to the real world coordinates. Find out precisions in the different directions of both devices. (precision in different places, precision in the time aspect, precision on the edges of the image, then stability of the calibration and etc.) Investigate advantages and disadvantages of both devices.

4.

Experimental setup - Media

Head-mounted eye tracking device (HED)

Remote eye tracking device (RED)

Experimental setup - Media

iView X System

Experimental setup - Images

Sequence: A B A C A D

Experiment - description

Two parts of the experiment Experiment with the remote eye tracking device Experiment with the head-mounted eye tracking device. Number of observers 20 observers cca 40 data sets from all observers Determination of a dominant eye Instruction before and during the experiment Calibration Experiment Questionnaire

Analysis

Remote eye tracking device

Recording of the eye movement data file coordinates of the point of regard (gaze data) BeGaze software Matlab program, Excel program

Head-mounted eye tracking device


Recording of the eye movement video (MPEG-2) Converting of the video Stabilization of the video Simulink model Findings real-world coordinates Matlab program

10

Experimental - results
distance [px]

90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Results for the RED: Image A


Distance of points from centre of cross image A in 1., 3., 5. sequence

1.
90 80 70

number of cross

distance [px]

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Blue = Mean Yellow = Median Green = Max Red = Min

3.
90 80 70

number of cross

distance [px]

precision in different places precision in the time aspect

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

5.

number of cross

11

Experimental - results
Image B
Point coordinates of 5 cross 19 observer
240 200 160 120 80 40 0 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220
points mean

Point coordinates of 2 cross 15 observer


240 200 160 120 80 40 0 0 40 80 120 x 160 200 240

median centre of cross

points median mean centre of cross

Ratio of points inside view angle


100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3 view angel [degrees]

Cross1 Cross2 Cross3 Cross4 Cross5

ratio of points [%]

Technical detail according to iView X System:

Gaze Position Accuracy 0.5 - 1 deg.

12

Experimental - results
Image C
MEAN 31,1962 MEDIAN 29,0273 MAX 159,6300 MIN 0,6007

Image B
Distance of points from centre of cross
120 100 Mean Median Max Min

distance [px]

80 60 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 number of cross

13

Experimental - results
Results for the HED:

The head-mounted eye tracking device is not evaluated at this time The evaluation is in-process Problems at this time:

time-consuming stabilization

14

Discussion and results

If real-world coordinates are fixated, I will say that HED can be more precise at least on the same level as RED HED allows the subject to move more freely, which I considered an important issue. But from the questionnaire: Most of the observers felt more comfortable with RED, because: HED - too big/small, observer has to wear it, does not feel freely, etc. The rest of observer: HED possibility move by head, HED is part of the observer, position was better for look at the picture, focus and concentration was better

15

What the next?

Continue with evaluation of the remote eye tracking device Complete analysis and evaluation of the head-mounted eye tracking device Statistical evaluation of both eye tracking devices Investigate advantages and disadvantages of both eye tracking devices

16

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION