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The Army Shadow TUAV Project :

Experiments, Security, Simulation, and


Reports
Team Members: Dr. Richard Chapman, Dr. David Umphress, Dr. Drew Hamilton, Dr. Chwan-Hwa Wu, Shawn Constance, Kevin Richardson, Anthony Friday, James Box, Alan Hunt, and David Last

The Shadow 200 UAV

Provides an aerial view of the battlefield for ground commanders

The Shadow System

Shadow

Ground Control Station (GCS)

Ground Data Terminal (GDT)

Hydraulic Rail Launcher

TALS

Our Goal
Connect all of the system elements wirelessly

Why?

802.11g Range Experiments


We need to find the range and performance of 802.11g wireless cards See if we can get reliable communication at the distance we need

802.11g Range Experiments

802.11g Range Experiments


No Antennas, % Loss Packets vs. Distance
120 100

% Loss

80 60 40 20 0 % Loss

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Distance (ft)

No Antennas, # of Packets(per 500) vs. Distance and Latency

100 80 60 # Packets 40 20 0 0 300 600 900 10-19 ms 1200 1500 1800 2100 2400 1 ms Latency 80-100 60-80 40-60 20-40 0-20

Distance (ft)

2600

802.11g Range Experiments


Antenna on Base Station, % Packets Loss vs. Distance
60 50

% Loss

40 30 20 10 0 % Loss

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Distance (ft)

Antenna on Base Station, # of Packets(per 500) vs. Latency and Distance

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# of Packets

10 5
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10-15 5-10 0-5
Latency

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80-89ms:

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9ms:

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1ms:

Distance (ft)

2600

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802.11g Range Experiments


Antennas on Both Ends, % Loss vs. Distance
3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0

% Loss

% Loss

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Antennas on Both Ends, # Packets(out of 500) vs. Latency and Distance


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# Packets

0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.8-1 0.6-0.8 0.4-0.6 0.2-0.4


80-89ms: 40-49ms: 9ms: Latency 5ms: 1ms:

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0-0.2

Terrain Experiments
Straight Line-of-Sight experiments do not simulate all possible conditions We need to test in different terrains
Cars Buildings Trees Rain

Urban Terrain Experiments

Urban Terrain Experiments


% Packet Loss for Different Map Positions
100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B9 B10 Map Position

% Packet Loss

Wireless Security
Main concern is Denial of Service Attacks Flood the network with so many packets that legitimate traffic is slowed or blocked

Wireless Security

Transmit Video Jamming Packets

Wireless Security
Solution Screen users by MAC address
Successfully blocks attackers

However, attackers can spoof MAC address

Still looking for best solution

MUSE Simulator

Posters
To secure funding - Need to let other people know what we are doing and why it is important Designed posters about our project

Future Plans
Connect the MUSE and the VCS wirelessly Test wireless ranges for different terrains Create better security solution