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The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) was a land reform law mandated by Republic Act No.

6657, signed by President Corazon Aquino on June 10, 1988..

For a long period of time, the agrarian system of Philippines was being controlled by the large landlords. The small farmers in Philippines were struggling for their rights to land and other natural resources..

Agrarian condition in the Philippines

Agrarian condition in the Philippines

0 Implementation of Agrarian Reform in Philippines

The implementation of Agrarian reforms proceeded at a very slow pace. This was due to the lack of political will. The redistribution of land was also very slow. 0 Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law: Philippines The Republic Act No. 6657, alternatively called the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law was signed by President Corazon C. Aquino on 10th June,

Agrarian condition in the Philippines

0 The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law:

Objectives The primary objective of instituting the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform law was to successfully devise land reform in Philippines. It was President Arroyo, who signed the Executive Order No. 456on 23rd August to rename the Department of Land Reform as Department of Agrarian Reform.

0 Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program of

1988,also known as CARP, is a Philippine state policy that ensures and promotes welfare of landless farmers and farm workers, as well as elevation of social justice and equity among rural areas.

According to RA 6657, CARP aims for a more equitable distribution and ownership of land. It meant to distribute lands to farmers in a span of 10 years, but was extended by the 11th Congress due to delays in land distribution and lack of budget allocation..

What is DAR?

Department of Agrarian Reform is the lead implementing agency of Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program(CARP). It undertakes land tenure improvement and development of program beneficiaries. DAR conducts land survey in resettlement areas. It undertakes land acquisition and distribution and land management studies. The DAR also orchestrates the delivery of support services to farmer-beneficiaries and promotes the development of viable agrarian reform communities.

0 Section 3 of RA 6657 defined agrarian reform as the

redistribution of lands, regardless of crops or fruits produced, to farmers and regular farm workers who are landless and all other arrangements alternative to the physical redistribution of lands, such as production or profit-sharing, labor administration and the distribution of shares of stock which will allow beneficiaries to receive a just share of the fruits of the lands they work.

Vast agricultural lands are distributed to the farmers tilling the land, whereas only a maximum of five hectares can be retained by the landlords, and three hectares for each of their children.

However, a common CARP loophole was that landlords escaped relinquishing their lands through land reclassifications. Lands classified by local zoning ordinances as residential, commercial and industrial lands are excluded from CARP.