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NURSING

RESEARCH

Florenda F. Cabatit, RN MAN

Facilitator
Why is Research
Important in Nursing?
Descriptio
n
Explanatio
n
Prediction

Control
Ways to Acquire
Knowledge
Traditions Role
Authority Modeling
Borrowing Intuition
Trial & Error
Reasoning
Personal
Experience Research
History of Nursing
Research
Florence Nightingale

 Reformer
 Reactionary
 Researcher
Florence
Nightingale
Crimean War: 1853-56
Collected data
Used statistics, graphs to
present data
Based practice on research
findings
Nursing Research
Priorities
To improve:
 Nursing as a Profession
 Nursing Practice
 Provider Outcomes
 Patient Outcomes
 Healthcare System
Comparison of Nursing
Process & Research Process

Nursing Process Research Process


1. Assessment 1. Knowledge of the World of
Nursing
a. Data Collection
b. Data Interpretation
2. Nursing Diagnosis 2. Problem & Purpose
Identification

3. Plan 3. Methodology
a. Goal Identification a. Design
b. Planned Interventions b. Sample
c. Measurement
4. Implementation 4. Data Collection & Analysis

5. Evaluation & Modification 5. Outcomes & Disseminating


Findings
Nursing Research
Methods
Quantitative research
Qualitative research
Outcomes research
Intervention
research
Types of Quantitative
Research

Descriptive Research
Correctional Research
Quasi-Experimental
Research
Experimental Research
Types of Qualitative
Research

Phenomenological Research
Ground Theory Research
Ethnographic Research
Historical Research
Philosophical Inquiry
Critical Social Theory
Quantitative
Research
Most Common Type of Research
Descriptive & Correlational: used
predominantly to generate nursing
knowledge.
Quasi-experimental: increasing with testing
of nursing interventions & outcomes
Experimental: infrequently conducted
Quantitative
Research
Experimental
Quasi-experimental
Correlational
Descriptive
Increase in
Control
Basic or Applied
Research
Basic Research: Concerned with
underlying mechanisms of an
intervention. Such as Effect of Pressure
on tissues
Applied Research: Concerned with
effect of the intervention on the
patient. Such as turning patient to
relieve pressure
Basic or Applied
Research?
...to determine the types & intensity
of sensations that patients
experience when chest tubes &
Jackson-Pratt abdominal tubes are
removed (Mimnaug et al., 1999).
...to examine the effects of heat
application on abdominal pain of
dogs following abdominal surgery.
Steps of the Quantitative
Research Process

Research Problem and Purpose

Literature Review

Study Framework

Research Objectives, Questions, or


Hypotheses

Study Variables
Steps of the Quantitative
Research Process
Assumptions

Limitations

Research Design

Population and
Sample

Methods of
Steps of the Quantitative
Research Process

Data Collection &


Analysis

Research Outcomes

Communication of
Findings