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RAMADAN AND

MOON SIGHTING

Astronomy And Moon Sighting


CONTENTS

- Sun and Moon in the Quran


- Thinking and Contemplating on their-

Creation
- Computer software on sun and moon
SUNCLOCK, HNSKY, MOON60, Accurate_times

Astronomy Vs Astrology

ASTRONOMY: The branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole1 ; The science of the heavenly bodies2 ASTROLOGY: A pseudoscience claiming divination by the positions of the planets and sun and moon1; the art of predicting or determining the influence of the planets and stars on human affairs2

ASTRONOMY

() , ASTROLOGY ()

1. WordWeb 4.5a http://wordweb.info/contact.html Copyright Antony Lewis 2005 2. The New Lexicon Websters Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language

SUN AND MOON IN THE QURANSun mentioned (32 times); Moon (27 times)

Al 'Imran 3:190-191

Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding. Those who remember Allh (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying): "Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire.

Al'Araf 7:54

Indeed your Lord is Allh, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He Istaw (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allh, the Lord of the 'Alamn (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!

Yunus 10:4

It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light and measured out its (their) stages, that you might know the number of years and the reckoning. Allh did not create this but in truth. He explains the Ayt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for people who have knowledge.

Yasin 36:37-40

And a sign for them is the night, We withdraw therefrom the day, and behold, they are in darkness. And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. And the moon, We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns like the old dried curved date stalk. It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.

Fussilat 41:37

And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Prostrate not to the sun nor to the moon, but prostrate to Allh Who created them, if you (really) worship Him.

As-Shams 91:1-4

And by the sun and its brightness; And by the moon as it follows it (the sun); And by the day as it shows up (the sun's) brightness; And by the night as it conceals it (the sun);

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Importance of the movements of the Sun and Moon to Muslims

Sun
Moon

Salat times fixed to movements of the sun

Fasting, Hajj, Zakat fixed to movements of the moon


Sun and Moon eclipses are signs of Allah

Eclipses :

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Fakhr Ad-din Ar-Razi, (544-606/1149-1209): Philosopher, Historian (he wrote the History of the Dynasties), and theologian, he belonged to the Shafii School of Law and was a defender of orthodox views in his book, Kitab Al-Muhassal. His commentary of the Quran called the Mafatih Al-Ghaib, (The Keys of the Unseen), itself a quotation from the Koran (6:59). With him are the Keys of the Heaven). He was born south of Tehran and died in Herat.
From: Glasse, Cyril, (1989) The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam, Stacey International London, p. 332.

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In his tafsir of Surat Al-Kahf Verse 86, Ar-Razi wrote:


The second point: It has been established by evidence that the earth is spherical and that the sky surrounds it and there is no doubt that the sun is in its orbit..

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Compare the size of the earth with other planets

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Now compare it with Uranus, Neptune, Jupiter and Saturn

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This is the Earth

Now Earth against Sun

Against Sun, Earth is like a dot Think !! Where do you find yourself now??

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This is the Earth

As we have compared the Earth with Sun Now !! Start comparing the Sun with the Universe
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The closest star to the Sun is only 7000 times further than the edge of our solar system. This map shows all of the stellar systems that lie within 12.5 light years from us.

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A spiral galaxy of at least two hundred billion stars. Our Sun is buried deep within the Orion Arm about 26 000 light years from the centre. Towards the centre of the Galaxy the stars are packed together much closer than they are where we live. Notice also the presence of small globular clusters of stars which lie well outside the of the Galaxy, and notice too the presence of a nearby dwarf galaxy - the 19plane Sagittarius dwarf which is slowly being swallowed up by our own galaxy.

Although the Milky Way is but one of billions of galaxies in the universe, the Galaxy has special significance to humanity as it is the home of the solar system. As a guide to the relative physical scale of the Milky Way, if the galaxy were reduced to 130 km (80 mi) in diameter, the solar system would be a mere 2 mm (0.08 in) in width.

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This map attempts to show the entire visible Universe. The galaxies in the universe tend to collect into vast sheets and superclusters of galaxies surrounding large voids giving the universe a cellular appearance. Because light in the universe only travels at a fixed speed, we see objects at the edge of the universe when it was very young up to 14 billion years ago.

All Praise is to the Lord of the Universe The Almighty, The all-Knowing, The Omnipotent

ALLAHU AKBAR!
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MOON VISIBILITY

Views from the West of various phases of the growing moon

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Views from the West of various phases of the growing moon

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Views from the West of various phases of the growing moon

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Views from the West of various phases of the growing moon

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Views from the West of various phases of the growing moon

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FULL MOON
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Views from the East of various phases of the waning moon

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Views from the East of various phases of the waning moon

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Views from the East of various phases of the waning moon

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Views from the East of various phases of the waning moon

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COMPUTER PROGRAMMES

SUNCLOCK (Locations of sun and moon) HNSKY (Sunset, moonset) Moon60 (Visibility) Accurate_Times (Visibility, Prayer times)

[Demonstrations on running the software]


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Assalamu
Alaikum

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