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REVIEW OF PROBLEMS AND QUESTIONS FOR THE STRUCTURE

BY DRS. RONNY RALIN, M.KES

PROBLEM WITH VERBS


A. Problems with verbs

1. Missing main verb 2. Verbs that require an infinitive in the complement 3. verbs that require an-ing form in the complement 4. verb phrases that require an-ing form in the complement B. Problems with tense Irregular past form

1. Missing Main Verb


Every English sentence must have a suject and a main verb
S The sound of the dryer V bothers My concentration

Examples Incorrect: The pattiest girl in our class with long brown hair and brown eyes Correct: The pattiest girl in our class has long brown hair and brown eyes

Incorrect: In my opinion, too soon to make a decision Correct: In my opinion, it is too soon to make a decision Incorrect: Sam almost always a lot of fun Correct: Sam is almost always a lot of fun Incorrect: That book that I lent you having a good bibliography Correct: That book that I lent you have a good bibliography

Exercise Arizona .... A very dry climate A. Has B. Being C. Having D. With Venomous snakes with modified teeth connected to poison glands in which the venom is secreted and stored

2. Verbs that require an infinitive in the complement


The following verbs require an infinitive for a verb in the complement
Agree appear Arrange Decide Demand Deserve Hesitate hope Intend Need Offer Plan Refuse Seem Tend

Ask
Claim consent S We

Expect
Fail Forget V

Learn
Manage Mean

Prepare
Petend Promise C (infinitive) to leave

Threaten
Wait Want M day before yesterday

had planned

Examples Incorrect: Correct: Incorrect: Correct: Incorrect: Correct: Incorrect: Correct:

He wanted speak with Mr. Brown He wanted to speak with Mr. Bown we demand knowing our status we demand to know our status They didnt plan buying a car They didnt plan to buy a car The weather tends improving in May The weather tends to improve in May

Exercise One of the least effective ways of storing information is learning ... A. How repeat B. Repeating C. To repeat D. Repeat Representative democracy seemed envolve simultaneously during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in Britain, Europe, and the United State

3. Verbs that require an ing form in the complement


The following verbs require-ing form for a verb in the complement
Admit Appeciate Avoid Finish Complete Consider Delay Pratice Deny Discuss Enjoy Risk

Keep
Mention Miss Postpone S

Quit
Recall Recommend Regret V

Stop
Suggest Tolerate Understand C (-ing) M

He

enjoys

travelling

by plane

Example Incorrect: Correct: Incorrect: Correct: Incorrect:

Correct:

She is considering not to go She is considering not going we enjoyed talk with your friend we enjoyed talking with your friend I miss to watch the news when I am travelling I miss watching the news when I am travelling

Exercise Strauss finished ... two of his published compositions before his tenth birthday A. Written B. Write C. To write D. Writing Many people have stopped to smoke because they are afraid that it may be harmful to their health

4. Verb phrases that require an ing form in the complement


The following verb phrases require an ing form for verb in the complement
Approve of Be better off Cant help Count on Do not mind Forget about Get through Insist on Keep on Look forward to Object to Think about, think of

S She

V Ph forgot about

C (-ing) canceling

M Her appointment

Example Incorect: Correct: Incorect: Correct:

we cant help to wonder why she left we cant help wondering why she left we wouldnt mind to wait we wouldnt mind waiting

Exercise Many modern architects insist on ... materials native to the region that will blend into the surrounding landscape A. Use B. To use C. The use D. Using During Jacksons administration, those who did not approve of permit common people in the White House were shocked by the presidents insistence that they be invited into the mansion

B. Problems with TENSE


Iregular Past Form
S The concert V (past) began M at eight oclock

Examples Incorrect : Correct :

Incorrect : Correct :

We eat dinner in Albuquerque on our vacation last year We ate dinner in Albuquerque on our vacation last year I know that you been forty on your last birthday I know that you were forty on your last birthday

Exercise Before the Angles and the Saxons ... to England, the Iberians had lived there A. Coming B. Come C. Came D. Did come When Columbus seen the New World, he though that he had reached the East Indies by way of a Western route