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PFC CONVERTERS

Presented by

Sandeep Guha Niyogi

M.Tech-Electrical

Roll No.852010

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

A non-corrected power supply with a

• power factor typical PF equal to 0.65 will draw

approximately 1.5 times greater input

current than a PFC supply (PF = 0.99)

average power Vs I s1 cos θ I s1 for the same output loading

power factor = = = cos θ

apparent power Vs I s Is

• PFC Techniques

given source power

is utilized by the load. The

ratio is the distortion

factor; its value reflects

the effect due to input

current harmonics.

Passive Power Factor Correction

INDUCTIVE FILTER

• inserted between the output

of the rectifier and the

capacitor.

results in larger conduction

angle of the current pulse and

reduced peak and rms values.

For low values of inductance

the input current is

discontinuous and pulsating.

achievable by using a larger

value of the inductance and

pushing the operation to

continuous conduction mode

(CCM).

Passive Power Factor Correction

RESONANT INPUT

FILTER

• The band pass filter is

designed with a centre

frequency equal to the

supply frequency.

determines the bandwidth

and hence the harmonic

content of the supply

current. High "Q" (narrow

bandwidth) will result in

reduced harmonic content

and close to unity power

factor.

resistor is added to damp

out circuit oscillations.

Active Power Factor Correction

• Lower harmonic content in

the input current

compared to the passive

techniques.

rating of the output filter

capacitor.

(0.99) is possible to

achieve with the Total

Harmonic Distortion (THD)

as low as 3-5%.

active PFC techniques will

result in size, weight and

cost benefits over passive

PFC techniques.

Conventional ACTIVE PFC topologies

The boost power factor correction

converter

The proposed converter

switches

operates at Soft switching

condition

by partial resonant condition

by

control of constant duty

cycle. The

turn on of the switches is

done

under zero current switching

(ZCS)

and turn off of the switches is

worked under zero voltage

switching

(ZVS) by partial resonant

method.

Therefore the proposed

converter is

PFC Boost Converter

Mode1 operation

Vcr = (Vr + Vdc ) cos ωr t − Vr

(V r+Vdc )

i Lr =− sin ωr t

X

where, ωr = Lr C r

when, Vcr = 0 the inductor current is given as

1

I1 = (Vdc 2 + 2VrVdc )

X

Mode2 operation

Vr

i Lr = t + I1

Lr

This mode ends when both the switches turn off

& the inductor current equation is given as

V

I 2 = I1 + r {TON − Lr C r cos −1 (v )}

Lr

Mode3 operation

The current flows through the path L r − d1 − C r − d 2

thus charging the capacitor

The turning - off of the switches occur at ZCS condition

The inductor value is assumed to be constant value I 2 ,

because of short period of this mode.

Mode4 operation

Starts when diode d3 starts conducting

The inductor current decreases linearly and is given by the equation :

Vr − Vdc

i Lr = t + I2

Lr

This mode ends when the inductor current reaches ZERO value

Simulation Results

Input to this simulation is given

below

• Input ac voltage =100

volt(rms)

• Output dc voltage =300 volt

• Switching frequency =50

kHz

Soft switching of switches • Duty cycle=30%

S1 &S2

Simulation Results

Input waveform of Discontinuous

current mode

waveform

COMPARISON OF PASSIVE & ACTIVE

PFC VERSUS NO PFC

APPLICATIONS

DC Power Supplies,

Telecommunication Power Supply,

Improved Power Factor ballast,

Power Supplies for equipments like computers, medical

equipments, printers, scanners etc.

Drives Applications with Power Factor Improvement at AC

side,

Electrical Welding,

Lighting such as ballasts, CFL etc.

CONCLUSION

• The input current waveform got to be sinusoidal

in proportion to supply voltage waveform with

constant duty cycle i.e. 30% operation.

designing control circuit. The power factor & rms

current is high.

resonant soft switching method , thus it increases

the efficiency of the circuit.

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