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PRODUCTION AND MARKETING CHANNELS OF SWEET POTATO (IPOMEA BATATAS LINN.

) IN CATANDUANES
Dr. Estrella S. Placides Mrs. Nena V. Santos Shiela R. Buque Rosemary P Gualberto

OBJECTIVES

1. establish baseline data for production and supply chain of camote industry in the province a. status of productivity b. marketing channels 2. identify needs and gaps in the industry

METHODOLOGY Qualitative (descriptive) field study - purposive sampling - survey, FGD 1. Market search for the available camote varieties found in the stores 2. Identified the available varieties and their sources 3. Survey visit to the identified barangays 4. Interview of camote farmers, FGD 5. Tabulation and analysis of data 6. Statistics is limited to finding frequencies and averages.

DATA PRESENTATION
Respondent Location No. of Years as Camote Farmer 50 Area planted (In hectares) Harvest per planting cycle Income Reason for Planting camote Source of income

1.

NELLY FENIS

Pajo, San Isidro

1 (nakitanom)

5-6 sacks (15-18 cans)

180-220/can 16.5X180=297 0 16.5X220=363 0 180-200/can 13.5X180=243 0 13.5X200=270 0 180-200/can 15X180=2700 15X200=3000

1.

JULIO VARGAS

45

.75

4-5 sacks 12-15 cans)

Source of income

3. JAIME DE LEON

Pajo, Baguio

26

.3 (coop)

5 sacks (15 cans)

Source of income

4. EMELITA BUENTIEMPO

Hawan, Ilaya

10

6-8 sacks 18-24 cans)

150/can 21X150=3150

Source of income

5. MANUEL ASUNCION

Hawan, Ilaya

21

.5

2-3 sacks 6-9 cans)

180/can 7.5X180=1350 90/sackcuttings

Source of income

6. FRANCISCO TOMAGAN 7. RUBEN TEDERA 8. NILO TARROQUIN

Sibacungan Bato Sibacungan Bato Rizal, San Andres

30

1.5

4-6 cans

Family consumption Family consumption Source of income

20 20

1 3 (govt)

4-5 cans 6-7 sacks (18-21 cans) 150-180/can 19.5X150=2925 19.5X180=3510

9. PURIFICATION TABO 10. ISIDRO ALDAVE 11. PELAGIO ANTONIO 12. JUAN BONAGUA 13. ALFEO TOLLEDO

Rizal, San Andres Datag, San Andres Datag, San Andres Hawan, Ilaya, Virac Rizal, San Andres

36

3-4 sacks (9-12 cans) 10-20 sacks (180 cans) 15 sacks (45 cans) 5-10sacks (15-30 cans) 15-18 sacks (45-54 cans) 180/can 180X180=32400 180/can 45X180=8100 150/can 22.5X150=3375 80-100/can 49.5X80=3960 49.5X100=4950 200/can 16.5X200=3300

Family consumption Source of income Source of income Source of income Source of income

31

25 50

3 (nakitanom) .5

64

1.5

14. CARMEN DUEA 15. JUDGET DE QUIROZ

Datag, San Andres Tariwara, Pandan

40

1.5 (nakitanom) 1

5-6 sacks (15-18 cans) 1 Sack (3 cans)

Source of income Family consumption

11

16. WINNIE DE QUIROZ

Tariwara, Pandan

15

1 sack (3 cans)

Family use Weedscontrol and preserve moisture of soil For abaca Used for moledo making

17. PERLA IBARDALOZA

Tariwara, Pandan

30

7-10 cans

18. BETTY ICAMEN


19. LOURDES TRESVALLES

Tucao, Caramoran
San Juan, Aroyao, Bato

55

.5

5 sacks (15 cans)


5-6 sacks (15-18 cans)

100/can 15X100=1500
200/can 16.5=3300

Source of income
Source of income

20. EFREN TRINIDAD

Layug-bunga, Pandan

10

3 cans

Food; support and weedscontrol to abaca plantation 180/can 9X180=1620 Source of income

21. CONCEPCIO N TEVES

San Juan, Aroyao, Bato

31

8-10 cans

22. ESTRELLA San Juan, TAPERLA Aroyao, Bato

48

5-6 cans

200/can 5.5X200=1100

Source of income

23. DIONISIA TAOPA

Summit, Viga

20

1 can Tops

Family consumption Feeds Abaca cover crop/weed control Family consumption Feeds Abaca cover crop/weed control 120./can 2,400. Source of income

24. MERLINDA TORRIRIT

P. Vera, Viga

35

.04

1 can Tops

25. ARSENIO OLESCO

Sagrada, Viga

25

1.5

20 cans

26. JOSE CAMACHO 27. AMADO OLESCO

Osmena, Viga Osmena, Viga

32 45

.1 .24

10-15 cans 10-15 cans

120/can 1200-1800 120/can 1200-1800

Source of income Source of income

biggest area planted to camote - 3 hectares smallest .3 ha average of 1.1`.18 ha. The bigger areas, however, are not owned by the farmer. Four out of 27 or 14.81% - not owned by the farmer. Mr. Larry Sarmiento, barangay captain of Palta Saday camote farmers lost 80 hectares of camote plantation - the government approved laws that prevented kaingin farming on the hillsides so they stop

The highest yield - 20 sacks to a hectare per planting cycle . -180/sack or 10,800 or Php900. a month. Most farmers -1 cycle per year ; Some farmers - two cycles a year.

In summer, roots do not grow big.. Instead, there is heavy foliage.


Reason: long-day photoperiods. camote requires full sunlight short-day length (less than 10-12 hrs

low intensity (25-30C (Arnold Caf (2012))


. Soil should be high in organic matter acidic (pH 6.1-7.7) sandy loam with

much nitrogen for the leaves and


potassium for the tuberous roots (AVRDC,2012)

Baras, Bato, Caramoran, Pandan, San Miguel, Viga and Virac are high in organic matter (Ilagan, 2012). Only Pandan and Virac have soil pH of 6-6.5 while the others are lower. All parts of the island is sufficient to potassium. The most appropriate areas for camote production appear to be Pandan and Virac . Production at low average is 17.41 cans per farmer per cycle; at high average is 23.64 cans. Income is at a low average of Php4,636.25 per cycle and at a high average of Php6,600.31.

Store owner 1. LOLITA GIANAN 2. JOSEPHINE SEGUNDO Calabnigan 3. CRISTY MASAGCA, 4. LINDA BALDOVINO Rizal

Supplier Vilma Pajo SnIsidro AningTibgao Tita (cimber) Hawan Ilaya (Ogbos) Calabnigan Datag, San Andres

Buying price 200/can

Frequency Every week for three months Every week

Volume 1 can

Market Life 2-3 days

Selling Price 20/Tumpok

5/3bogkos

1 sack

2 days

20/7 bogkos

Own plantation 150/can

Every week Every Saturday

1 sack 1 sack (3 cans)

2 days 1 can/ day when supply is high 1 sack less than a day with low supply 1 day

5/3 bogkos (vines) 20/ tumpok

5. MILA TALLA Rizal 6. AILEEN ARCILLA Pajo San Isidro

Lictin

200/can

Every week

2 cans

2kg

Pajo San Isidro

200./can

Everyday

1 can

Half day (Cooked)

10./ballot

7. VERONICA SAMBAJON Pajo San Isidro 8. ROSEMARIE CERVANTE S Palta Small 9. GLORIA MARQUEZ San Pablo

Pajo San Isidro

Sadiling tanom

Daily

1 sack ogbos

1-2 days

P5./3 tali

Calatagan

100./sack

Daily

15 bugkos

1 day

P10./bugkos (tops)

Nelly Fenis Pajo San Isidro Aning Matienzo Calatagan

200/can

Weekly

3 cans

2 days wt competition 1 day w/o competition 1 day

20/tumpok

10. ESTRELLA MAGTANGO B Calatagan 11. EMERITA OSORIO 12. ANALIZA TOLEDOPajo San Isidro

Weekly

20 bugkos

P10/tali (tops)

Janet- Datag 1 lata 1 day P15/ tumpok

13. ROSA SONEJA Timbaan 14. AIDA BUHAYO San Jose, San Andres 15. IMELDA CEA F. Tacorda

Elvira Antonio Datag Elvira Antonio Datag Elvira Antonio Datag Or Albay Buy and sell from Hawan or Albay Sells produce at market or to barrio middlemen Barok Sumapang, Camburo 180-200/can 170./can Daily occasional

2.5 lata

3 cans

1-2 days

3 sacks (boiled) 1 sack

1 day

4-5 pcs/pack

16. ELLEN SOCAO, Hawan, Ilaya

150/can 170./can

2 times a week occasional

2-5 sacks 1 sack

1-2 days or bagsak presyo

P5./ 3 tali

17. JUAN BONAGUA, Hawan Ilaya

100-150/can

During harvest season

5-10 sacks

1 day

P5./3 tali

18. ADORACIO N OLARVE Baybay, Caramoran

120/can

3 times/week 3 cans

4-5 days

P20/ tumpok

18 store keepers get camote deliveries from the farmers themselves or from middlemen. Five get supplies from Pajo San Isidro, Virac, five (5) from Datag, San Andres, one from Tibgao, Virac, two (2) from Hawan, two (2) from Calatagan, one from Calabnigan, one from Lictin, and two (2) from Albay. In Caramoran, there is only one identified source a certain Barok. Pandan identified two barangays as sources Tariwara, Bagawang and Baldoc. Only two (2) store owners said that they sell their own produce.

19. LORNA AGUIRRE, Baybay, Caramoran 19. MILA BALMACEDA Pandan Centro

Barok Sumapang, Camburo Lourdes, Pandan Bagay Layug-bunga Junjie BalmacedaTariwara Cirilo de Quiroz Jr Tariwara

120/can

3 times/week 3 cans

4-5 days

P20./ tumpok

150./can sold at 15./kg 100/can

2X a month

15-18 kg

2 wks

P20./tumpok

20. ROSARIO Baldoc IBLOGIN Bagsakan, Pandan 21 Lourdes FLORDELIZA Tokyo SANTELICE S Centro, Pandan

150/can Sold at 20/kg

1-2 wks

2 cans monthly

1-2 wks

P20./tumpok

150/can Sold at 20/kg

1-2 wks

2 cans monthly

1-2 wks

P20./tumpok

Camote is bought by the middlemen at - Php100-150 per can in the barangay - sold to storeowners in the market at 180-200. per can. - At the stores, camote sells at 35. per kg or 20. per tumpok. According to the storeowners, most buyers are into food business selling camote cue, karingking ( camote fries crisscrossed and fried together with flour dough to make them stick together.), molido (candy bar),

Middlemen (para cimber) buy the farmers produce on site at prices between 100-150. Sold to market vendors at 180./ can. In the market sold at 200./ can or 30./kg or 20./tumpok of 5-6 small to medium size pieces. Most supply of camote in the Virac Supermarket come from Pajo San Isidro, Hawan Ilaya, Calatagan, Virac, and from Datag and Rizal in San Andres. Some farmers of San Andres sell their produce in Virac for a higher pay. Delivery of one sack is sold out in less than a day. At most, in two days time. There are times when there is no supply of camote in the market. Some vendors order from Albay at a price a little lower than our own prevailing price.

We failed to find a store selling camote in - San Andres market - Bato market area - San Miguel market area, - Viga - Payo We found two stores selling camote in Caramoran and three stores in Pandan Only one camote buyer processes the crop into camote cue to be sold at Oco Elementary School in Oco, Viga. We were told that there are no records about camote in the municipal agricultural offices nor in the provincial office.

CONCLUSION

1. Camote production is low. Camote as an industry exists only in Virac. - Major suppliers are Pajo San Isidro, Virac, and Datag, San Andres. There are only several stores selling camote in Virac but very few in Pandan and Caramoran and none in San Andres, Viga, Payo, San Miguel and Bato. - The supply chain involves the farmer, the middlemen, the buyers, the processors and the consumers. - Camote is sold as tops, vines and tuberous roots. - Few people regard camote growing as a profitable venture.

2. Camote production needs a boost toa. make people understand its uses b. make people see its profitability c. help people rediscover it as a staple food d. erase the stigma of camote being the poor mans diet

RECOMMENDATION 1. Massive advocacy campaign. 2. Planting materials production for distribution 3. Organic farm modeling 4. Varietal trials to establish our own varieties 5. Training on pest and disease management 6. Aggressive product development