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Aloha, Imperialism.

Group 4: Emma, Jessica, Maria, Jose, Rogelio

Vocabulary
-Open Door Policy -Social Darwinism -Spanish-American War -Yellow Journalism -USS Maine -Panama Canal -Roosevelt Corollary (1904) -Dollar Diplomacy -Social Gospel Movement -Taylorism -Muckrakers -Interstate Commerce Act -Food and Drug Act -Meat Inspection Act -Seventeenth Amendment(1913) -Hull House -Settlement Houses -New Nationalism -New Freedom Policy -Federal Trade Commission -Anti-Saloon League -The Jungle by Upton Sinclair -Triangle Shirtwaist Fire -Roosevelts Square Deal -American Expeditionary Force -War Industries Board -Committee on Public Information -Fourteen points -League of Nations -Jingoism -Yellow Journalism -Teapot Scandal -Red Scare -Palmer Raids -National Origins Act -Scopes Trial -Jazz Age -Flappers -Lost Generation -Harlem Renaissance -Model T -advertising age -Washington Conference -Fordney- McCumber Tariff -Universal Negro Improvement Association -Ku Klux Klan -Emergency Quota Act -Speakeasies -creationism -The Jazz Singer -The Man Nobody Knows -Battle of Chateau-Thierry -Meuse-Argonne Offensive -Liberty Bonds -Lever Food and Fuel Control Act -Progressivism -Committee on Public Information -Espionage Act - reservationists

Wars
(Spanish-American War)

Steps: 1. 1868: Cuban colonists revolt 2. 1895: Economic depression, falling prices of tobacco and sugar revolt. 3. Spanish sent troops; "reconcentration" 4. Cuban exile community in the U.S. pressured America; public opinion supports 5. Sinking of the USS Maine 6. Letter from Spanish Ambassador insulting President

Wars cont.
(Spanish American cont.)
Spanish American War cont.

Outbreak:

o Roosevelt ordered commanders to be ready secretly. McKinley mad but followed suit. o 400 battle deaths; 2,500 to malaria/food poisoning.

o Every ship of Spanish force destroyed. Treaty of Paris: 1. Recognized independence of Cuba 2. 20 million for Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.

World War I

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand World war I President Wilson issues policy of neutrality. U.S trades with allies (Great Britain, Russia, France) U.S eventually gets involved: Sinking of Lusitania Zimmerman Note American expeditionary force (American force of 14,500 men that landed in france under command of General Pershing) aid to allied war effort, both militarily and psychologically.

back at the home front:

Liberty bonds sold and propaganda was used to encourage Americans to oppose the "hun"
Many blacks moved to northern cities to work in factories. Women also worked in factories Wilson's Fourteen Points were opposed by France and England esp. France -Wanted Germany to pay back. U.S opposed Treaty of versailles - Ended up not joining League of Nations.

WWI
1. Woodrow Wilson 14 Points

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Reliance on open diplomacy rather than secret agreements Freedom of the seas Free trade Reduce the military forces and/or weapons Readjust the colonies fairly The allowance for Russia to self-determine its own government Respect for Belgium's Integrity Restoration of French Territory Italy receives territory based upon ethnicity opportunities

10. Austria-Hungary receives fair development

11. Independence for the Balkan states


12. Self-determination for the peoples of the

Ottoman Empire and free passage through the Dardanelles


13. Independence for Poland 14. The formation of a League of Nations to

guarantee independence for all countries, large and small

Economic Policies
Imperialism: Motivated by economic, political, religious, and social factors. Before the 1890s, the U.S. did not feel the need to expand continentally; there was still

westward expansion. o Plus, industrial, urban, and immigration growth distracted America. Open Door Policy o Thank Secretary of State John Hay. Asked European leaders for this policy.

NOTE: American expansion did not extend to the Middle East.

Four Reasons for U.S. Imperialism 1. Industrial leaders -Feared production > consumption -Predicted the need for raw materials. 2. Politics (Military) -Bases -Naval Act of 1900 3. Social Darwinism

Economic Policies Cont.


Progressivism Theodore Roosevelt's Square Deal Woodrow Wilson's Presidency
a.

b.

c.

Underwood Tariff Act of 1913: cut tariffs on imported goods Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914: outlawed certain business practices Federal Reserve System: designed to protect economy against panics

Domestic Policies
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine: U.S. has the right to intervene in any country of the Western Hemisphere that could be harmful to the U.S.

WWI Liberty Bonds Lever Food and Fuel Control Act 1917 Espionage Act of 1917

Domestic Policies Cont.


Progressivism 17th Amendment Initiative Process Referendum Process Recall Process Direct Primary Crack down urban political machines

President T. Roosevelt New Nationalism Bull Moose Party 16th Amendment: collected fed. income taxes largely from wealthy

Foreign Policies
Hawaii

First ex. of Americn outlook on foreign force. Primarily interested in the sugar plantaions. 1887 Deal o Sugar imported for free = Simulated trade =Sugar planters big power.
o

The Phillippines and Cuba: Protector or Opressor? Cuba:


o o Imperialistic intentions + Belief of liberty and government = ??? Teller Amendment America cannot annex Cuba under any circumstances Cuba could not enter foreign agreements without U.S. approval. U.S. had the right to intervene in Cuban affairs. America be given two naval bases on Cuban land.

Platt Amendment

Queen Liliuokalani o o Wanted to reduce foreign country influence 1893: Sugar planters + marines = queen overthrown. = Hawaii declared a republic = Requested Hawaii to be annexed

Philippines: o o Senate debate Anti-Imperialist League 1898 Mark Twain and William Jennings Bryan

President Cleveland opposed the annexation but recognize the republic. BUT, President McKinley used Manifest Destiny; Congress approved the

Cultural Change

Cultural Change cont.


Progressivism -NAACP founded -Feminism min. wage laws Muller v. Oregon settlement houses -Child labor laws enacted -Desire to reform city -Social Gospel Mvmnt religion aided struggle for social justice

FRQ
Analyze the roles that women played in Progressive era reforms from the 1880s through 1920. Focus your essay on TWO of the following.

Politics
Social conditions Labor and working conditions

Topic Sentence #1:

Women saw an opportunity to speak their minds and fight for their

rights in the progressive era which contributed to the rise of feminism.

Topic Sentence #2:


Topic Sentence #3:
allowed women to seek their individuality.

In addition to their motherly roles, women were able to aid

immigrants by improving their social and living conditions.

By the 1920s, the traditional role of women had evolved which

Hot [TOT]tie
Thesis: During the Progressive era, women began to focus on themselves and their voices, continuing the political fight for civil rights and starting a new image in the social scene.
Politics -Woman Suffrage 1. National American Woman Suffrage Association (Elizabeth C. Stanton and Susan B. Anthony) 2. National Woman's Party 3. Muller v. Oregon: set limit on hrs. a woman would work Social Conditions -Role in WWI 1. Great Migration Urban life Settlement houses Hull Houses (Jane Addams and Ellen G. Starr) -Change of Women's Role in 1920 1. "Flappers" 2. Divorce rates

Quiz Time!
1. All of the following reasons are why the U.S. intervened in Philippines EXCEPT a. The Roosevelt Corollary b. Expansion/imperialism c. "Civil war" was likely to occur d. The Filipinos were "unfit for self-government". 2. Jane Addams is most known for a. Calling the mistreatment of the disabled to attention. b. Writing Uncle Tom's Cabin c. The founding of hull houses d. Finding NOW. 3. What event caused the first world war? a. Murder of German President in Berlin b. Murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Bosnia c. Hundred Year War d. The revolution of Russia with Lenin 4. Who were the "Lost Generation"? a. The soldiers stuck in Europe after WWI b. Writers who wrote about alienation from the mainstream