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BIG CITIES

Their psychology, culture and history

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Why do we live in cities then?


According to the United Nations, more than half of the world's population resides in cities and their suburbs, After all of the negative personal, health, and psychological effects of living in big cities, why do they keep growing???

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Positive Effects of Big Cities


Big City Infrastructure Big cities provide easy access to public facilities and social benefits, like hospitals, libraries, schools and universities. People living in larger cities often have better access to adequate policing (safety) and public health services Often the water supply, sanitation infrastructure, energy supplies, transportation (both road network and public transport), and communications are focal points of urban development and tend to be more developed in cities versus rural areas,

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Positive Effects of Big Cities


Economic Opportunities
Urbanization offers real economic opportunities that often do not exist in rural/small town environments.
The number and types of jobs, as well as level of salaries, is often very limited in rural areas and small towns

There is an overall growth in commercial opportunities with urbanization, resulting in more profits and more jobs. Growing demand for urban expansion and development in less-developed countries, requires an increased level of public and private investment. These investments eventually raise the standard of living and provide new employment opportunities.

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Positive Effects of Big Cities


Social and Cultural Richness
Another positive effect of urbanization is that so many people living so close together enables social and cultural integration on a high level Cultural integration also tends to lead to multiculturalism, with a greater tolerance, appreciation, and value for different cultures and cultural values The presence of so many different cultures tends to provide a cultural and social Free Powerpoint Templates richness unique to big cities.

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Positive Effects of Big Cities


Entertainment
A usual product of more people, more money, and more cultural richnes is MORE ENTERTAINMENT! The number and quality of entertainment options usually differ greatly between big cities and small towns/rural environments. This often leads to the glitery, exciting reputation that cities have

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BIG CITIES AROUND THE WORLD


MUMBAI (BOMBAY) What and Where
It is the capital of Maharashtra state in India It is the 4th most populous city in the world, with a population of approximately 12,478,447 inhabitants Mumbai is considered the gateway to India and its cultures, nicknamed Mini India Mumbai is located on the west coast of India, and is made up of 7 islands Free Powerpoint Templates

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BIG CITIES AROUND THE WORLD


MUMBAI (BOMBAY)
A Brief History
The area was surrendered to Portugal in 1534, who called it Bom Bahia meaning the good bay. Possession was given to England in 1661 as part of a dowry to King Charles II when he wed his Portuguese consort Catherine of Braganza. The city stayed in British hands until independence in August 1947 Since 1947, the citys history has been pockmarked with violence or communal conflict. Communal rioting led to the deaths of 800 people in 1992 following the destruction of the Babri Masjid mosque while in 1996, a railway bomb which killed more than 200 people was also the result of religious tensions. More recently, in 2008, the city came under coordinated terrorist attack by Islamic-trained militants from Pakistan, resulting in damage to some of the citys key landmarks such as the Taj Mahal Palace hotel, more than 160 deaths and hundreds more injured.

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BIG CITIES AROUND THE WORLD


MUMBAI (BOMBAY) Poor VS Rich
Mumbai is known for its huge divide between its rich and the number of poor that live there The Slums of Mumbai are famous Beggars often fill the streets and approach visitors by the dozens

The film Slumdog Millionaire is based upon the realities of poverty in Mumbai

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BIG CITIES AROUND THE WORLD


MUMBAI (BOMBAY) Culture
Mumbais cultural life reflects its ethnically diverse population. Citizens are called Mumbaikars
Mumbaikars belong to diverse ethnic and social backgrounds due to the migrants from all over the India who attracted by the higher standard of living Mumbaikars have their own blend of dialect, called the 'Bambaiyaa Hindi'.

Mumbai is the home of Bollywood, Indias film industry Mumbai is an important centre for the Indian printing industry Daily newspapers are printed in English, Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati, Urdu, and other languages. Mumbai is full of museums, historical buildings, and many turist Free Powerpoint Templates attractions

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BIG CITIES AROUND THE WORLD


TOKYO
Tokyo, Edo in her former name, was founded in the 12th century. Tokyo History was started by a local aristocrat, Edo Taro Shigenada, The castle passed in 1590 to Ieyasu Tokugawa, founder of the Tokugawa line of shoguns. The Tokugawa shogunate (Gneralship) was established in 1603 with Edo as its seat of government. The emperors residence and formal capital remained in Kyoto. The overthrow of the Tokugawa Shogunate and the restoration of Imperial rule in 1868 led to the rapid modernization and Westernization of Japan.

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TOKYO
Renamed Tokyo [East capital] by the young Emperor Meiji, the city would from here on out serve as Japan's new national, and Imperial, capital. The civil war-cum-revolution that ended a 250year old status quo signaled the conclusion of Japan's self-imposed isolation as a feudal backwater and the beginning of an unprecedented and rapid industrial, political, and cultural transformation into a modern world state and world power. In the headlong rush toward modernization, Tokyo led the metamorphosis the whole of Japan underwent in a few decades. For the foreign expatriate, the city represented a modern landscape of trading opportunities and exploitation. For the typical Tokyo-ite, and any outcountry Japanese visiting the new capital, it was metropolis wonderland of many marvelous and wonderful new creations and adapted ideas.

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BIG CITIES AROUND THE WORLD


TOKYO
Many of Tokyo's oldest, most historic buildings were lost in two cataclysmic events:
The 1923 Great Kanto earthquake The 1923 Tokyo earthquake killed130,000 people. What wasnt destroyed by the quake was burned in subsequent fires. This was the biggest disaster in the history of Japan. The fire-bombings of the city during the final months of the Pacific War in 1945. The economic miracle ended unexpectedly at the start of the nineties. The bubble ended in a massive crash in the stock market, a debt crisis, and a crisis in the banking sector. That era is known as the lost decade in the economy of Japan. Tokyo economic growth came to a total stop during the nineties.

The Economy In Japan: The Lost Decade

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BIG CITIES AROUND THE WORLD


TOKYO
Social Graces
Punctuality: Japan runs on a schedule, and being on time means being five to ten minutes early Blowing your nose in public is considered to be bad manners. Excuse yourself and go into the restroom. Talking in Public: If youre traveling with others on the subway, keep your voice down. Youll be the only one heard if you speak loudly.Steve Beimel, founder, Esprit Travel & Tours, People in Japan bow -- a lot. It's their version of the handshake, only more complex, and failing to return a bow is considered impolite The Japanese are gift-givers. If you're invited to their homes (very rare, as the culture tends to entertain in public places), bring a gift

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BIG CITIES AROUND THE WORLD


Festivals (Matsuris)
Sanja Festival
is one of the three great Shinto festivals in Tokyo. It lasts 3 days, attracts over 2 million people every year, and includes traditional music and dancing and parades. The festival is held in honor of Hinokuma Hamanari, Hinokuma Takenari and Hajino Nakatomo, the three men who established and founded Sens-ji (an ancient Buddhist temple.

Sumidagawa Fireworks Festival


is an annual fireworks festival held on the last Saturday in July The Sumidagawa Hanabi Taikai follows the Japanese tradition of being an intense competition between rival pyrotechnic groups. Each group tries to out-do the last, and the result is an incredible variety of fireworks, not just in different colors and patterns, but forming shapes

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Traditional Arts
Ikebana (flower arranging), Origami (making objects by folding paper), Ukiyo-e (woodblock printing); Kabuki (complex dramas performed in elaborate costumes), Noh (restrained and highly stylized drama), Bunraku (puppet theater), Tea ceremonies

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TOKYO
Tokyo is considered the cultural center of Japan . Having originated from the ethnic Jomon culture and then mixed with subsequent influences from first Chinese and Korean, then Greek and Indian, and finally from European and American influences, Japan developed its own unique culture. Manga
The style was developed in the late 19th century Genres include: action-adventure, romance, sports and games, historical drama, comedy, science fiction and fantasy, mystery, suspense, detective, horror, sexuality, and business/commerce Much current popular Manga series are known for their explicit violence, sexuality, and acceptance of diverse sexual practices and abuse

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Fashion
Lecture

Women Japanese women carry an umbrella rain or shine. This is because fair/bright skin is considered a very crucial part of femininity. Objectified- Considered sexual objects and encouraged to appear as little girls. (a pedophilia aspect to fashion, relationships, and desire. Free Powerpoint Templates Page 19

Sydney, Australia

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Capital of New South Wales. Leading industrial city. Population: Approx 3,200,000 people. People who live in Sydney are known as Sydneysiders
Sydney AMP Tower St. Maria Cathedral The Harbour Bridge Sydney

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Enthnically Diverse
Sydney is known as an incredibly diverse, international city. Ethnic communities in Sydney include
Chinese Turkish Lebanese Greek Irish/Scottish/English Jewish Vietnamese Tibetan Yugoslavian Itaian French South African Portuguese

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Sports!!!
Sports and an active lifestyle are wildly popular in Sydney Popular sports include
Baseball Cricket Cycling Rugby Sailing Surfing Swimming

Sydney is also incredibly proud of its 2000 Olympic games, which were called, by the president of the OIC, as the best ever Olympic Games.
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Gay and Lesbian Community


Sydney has a large gay and lesbian community Each year, Sydney hosts the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras celebration Sydney is considered the top honeymoon destination for gay and lesbian couples around the world.
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Positive and Negative Effects of an Urban Development By Nikolay Danev Pros of Urbanization By Tasos Vossos Causes and Effects of Urbanization By Brian Gabriel http://www.worldtravelguide.net/mumbaibombay/history http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/ 72526/Mumbai/60065/Health http://www.mumbaionline.in/About/Profile/Cu lture/index.html http://www.oldtokyo.com/tokyo-history.php http://www.tokyo-topguide.com/Tokyo_History.html/ http://www.tokyotokyo.com/tokyo_culture.htm http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/ci ty-guides/tokyo-cultural-tips/ http://www.planettokyo.com/index.cfm/fusea ction/nav/navid/26/

http://www.tokyo-top-guide.com/japanculture-japanese-women-and-umbrellas-intokyo.html/

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