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Shivani Verma, Shivika Gupta




Blu-ray, also known as Blu-ray Disc (BD) - name of a next-generation optical disc format. The format was developed to enable recording, rewriting and playback of high-definition video (HD), as well as storing large amounts of data.
The format offers more than five times the storage capacity of traditional DVDs and can

hold up to 25GB on a single-layer disc and 50GB on a dual-layer disc.

Why the name Blu Ray?

The name Blu-ray is derived from the underlying technology, which utilizes a blue-violet laser to read and write data. The name is a combination of "Blue" (blue-violet laser) and "Ray" (optical ray).

Blu-ray disc (BD) is appropriately named after the

blue laser used to write the data The first blue laser was developed in 1996 by Shuji Nakamura (Nichia Corporation) In 2002, an alliance was formed, called the Blu-ray Disc Association, including the likes of Sony, Samsung, Sharp, Hewlett-Packard, and Royal Phillips. It has One layer, Two layer, Three layer, Four layer Five layer, Six layer.

Variations and Sizes

A single-layer Blu-ray disc (BD) has enough

storage capacity (25GB) for approximately two hours of high-definition video with audio. A dual-layer (50GB) BD can hold enough data for approximately four hours of HD video. TDK(Tokyo Denkikagaku Kogyo), in 2004 TDK was the
first media-manufacturer to join the companies developing BD post-DVD technology, announced that they have

created a working Blu-ray disc capable of holding 200GB of data (six 33GB data layers).


Why Blue Lasers?

High-definition TV provides six times more picture information than standard-definition



Disc Characteristics
Single layer: 25 GB

Dual layer: 50 GB Diameter: 120 mm Thickness: 1.2 mm Center hole diameter: 15 mm Uses GaN (Gallium Nitride) laser of wavelength 400 nm The smaller laser, compared to the DVD and CD, keeps the process more efficient (~5 mW)

Courtesy Blu-ray Disc Founders Blu-ray Disc Format White Paper

Hard-coating technology
In January 2004 was

introduced a clear polymer coating that gives Blu-ray Discs unprecedented scratch resistance. The coating was developed by TDK Corporation and is called "Durabis". It allows BDs to be cleaned safely with only a tissue.

Blu-ray vs DVD capacity

CD vs DVD vs Blu-ray writing

This issue has introduced a competitor, the HD-DVD,

that based its technology around being compatible with the DVD Recently the BDA has developed recorders that are BD/DVD/CD compatible JVC has advanced the BD by developing a BD/DVD combo disc that stores both DVD and BD data. It is composed of two DVD layers and a third BD layer storing 33.5 GB total

Blu-ray Advantages
Record high-definition television (HDTV) without any quality loss Instantly skip to any spot on the disc Record one program while watching another on the disc Edit or reorder programs recorded on the disc Automatically search for an empty space on the disc

Blu-ray Disc Applications

High definition television recording
High definition video distribution High definition camcorder archiving

Mass data storage : The growing number of broadband connections allowing consumers to download vast amounts of data.

Expect the BD to become more prevalent once the

HDTV market establishes its presence Audio and video will reach higher qualities with larger storage space Look for BD with more than two layers as the technology is further refined

Both DVD and BD would most likely co-exist for quiet

some time until HDTVs become more widespread.