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SOUTH SLAVS CULTURES IN EARLY MIDDLE AGES

Miroslavs gospel

www.casistorije.tk

South Slavs settled in the Balkans, they fought with the surrounding nations, and each other, from Byzantine missionaries received the first letter, and converted to christianity. Were they able to develop authentically culture?
- The missionary work of Cyril and Methodius continued their students. Fleeing attacks of Bavarian bishops, and their work continued among the South Slavs.

- Among them, the prominent missionaries were Clement and Naum. They spread christianity, opened the monasteries and schools. Clement made easier Slavic alphabet - cyrillic. They translated books into cyrillic, in order to close christianity to the people.
- Cyrillic are accepted by Serbs, Macedonian Slavs, Bulgarians, and was used in Serbian Bosnia and coastal areas with Serbian population.

- Among the Croats and people of the northern Adriatic coast, glagolitic was used to modern times, as the letter of people. It was used by the priests while the Catholic church did not begin glagolitic persecution, because she insisted on Latin (just like today). Glagolitic remained ethnic characteristic of Croats.
- The most important achievement of the Slavs was a literacy. It has enabled development of literature and culture of the Slavs. Initially, the church books are transcribed in the language of the Slavs, and later they created the original literary works. - Initially, a Slavic alphabet could be used on a wide SlavicEuropean territory, because the languages have a lot of similarities, but over time some nations entered a new authentic elements in a common language. The name for one of these versions is the oldslavonic language.

-The most important monument of the Serbian cyrillic is Miroslavs Gospel, from the late 12th century. The importance of manuscripts is also miniatures in which the text was decorated.
- Culture of the early Middle Ages, among the Slavs has a strong religious character, and it is in the service of the church needs. Most of the preserved material remains are churches and monasteries. In relation to the construction of the ancient world, the architecture of the early Middle Ages is humble and simple. Art and craft skills are reflected in the fresco paintings (pictures making in the fresh mortar) and painting miniatures in manuscripts (highlighted first letters of the text in gold and strong color). Manuscripts had, like everything else, a religious character.

Church of St. Peter and Paul, X century