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Adverbial Clauses

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Adverb Clauses
Adverb clauses are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions after, although, as as if, as long as, as much as, because, before, even, even though, if, how, in order that, once, provided (that), since, than, so that, that, unless, until, where, why, while, though, when.

Adverb Clauses
Use subordinating conjunctions such as after, although, before, because, if, unless, when, and while to introduce dependent adverb clauses. Place the adverb clause as closely as possible to the words modified.

PP 13-25a

Adverb Clauses
An adverb clause contains a subject and a full verb.
Sometimes called adverbial clauses Ex: I saw the movie before I left for Savannah. Christina always studies before a big test.

Common Adverb Clauses


Place
Ex: Wherever Ms. Conner is, there are students learning nearby.

Time Cause she was shy.

Time

Ex: After this lesson is over, we will celebrate Ms. Whitmires birthday!
Cause

Ex: Jenny didnt call the boy, because

Common Adverb Clauses


Purpose
Ex: Secrest goes to college, so that she can become a teacher!

Concession
Ex: Although Kathy has a degree in nursing, she wants to be a teacher.

Condition
Ex: If Heather saves her money, then she can buy her wedding dress.

Adverbial Clauses of Cause


As Since Because Because of Due to Owing to Thanks to The cause of The reason for On account of

Adverbial Clauses of Cause


As Since Because
Examples: Everyone should see that film as it is very famous. Since I have not see King Kong yet, I will try to get a video of it. We like horror films because we enjoy being scared a little.

A clause
(containing a finite verb)

Adverbial Clauses of Cause


Because of Due to Owing to Thanks to The cause of The reason for On account of

A noun or noun phrase (with no verb)

Adverbial Clauses of Cause


Examples: Thanks to the music, the film is very exciting. The Alien films are frightening because of the terrible monsters. The Phantom is frightening on account of the terrible defects in his face.

Adverbial Clauses of Cause


Because of, due to, owing to, thanks to, the cause of, the reason for, on account of

As, since, because

E.g. I dont like summer because it is hot. I dont like summer because of the heat. A noun or noun phrase

A clause

Adverbial Clauses of Cause


As, since
Less important reasons

Because
Important reasons

Start sentences

Start a sentence

Adverbial Clauses of Time


Future tense is not used in this adverb clause. After she graduates, she will get a job.

I will leave before he comes.

AFTER

WHEN
When I arrived, he was talking on the phone.

When I see him tomorrow, I will ask him.

WHILE, AS
During that time. * Adverb clause is in past progressive. While I was walking home, it began to rain.

As I was walking home, it began to rain.

By the time
By the time he arrived, we had already left. By the time he comes, we will have already left.

Since
From that time to the present The present perfect is used in the main clause. I havent seen him since he left this morning.

Ive known her ever since I was a child.

Until
We stayed there until we finished our lesson. We stayed there till we finished our lesson.

As soon as Once
As soon as it starts raining, we will leave.

Once I have a chance, I will throw you an ice ball.

As long as
From the Beginning to the end. I will never speak to him as long as I live. I will never speak to him so long as I live.

Whenever Every time


Whenever I see her, I say hello.

Every time I see her, I say hello.

The first time, the second time


The first time that I went to New York, I went to an opera. I saw two plays the last time (that) I went to New York. The next time (that) I go to New York, Im going to see a ballet.