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Geography – Case

Studies.
By Maddy.
The 3 Case Studies.
 Famine In Sudan.

 Flooding In Bangladesh.

 Sustainable Development In Snowdonia


.

 Quiz.
Famine In Sudan.
 Causes.

 Effects 1998.

 Responses.

 Map Of Sudan.
Back.
Causes.
 Best land is used for cash crops e.g.
cotton.
 Deforestation – soil erosion.

 Civil war – crops destroyed.

 Overgrazing by goats.

 Drought lack of water.

 Crops die.

 Back.
Ef fec t 1998.
 Poor roads – food could
not be distributed.
 Malnutrition.
 Starvation.
 Famine 100,000 people died.
 Refuges.
 Diseases spread easily e.g cholera,
dysentery.
 Back.
Responses.
 Seeds, medicines, doctors, food; rice,
millet, and clean water are sent over
to Sudan.
 International aid e.g red cross.

 Back.
Map of Sudan.

Back.
Flooding In Bangladesh.
 Bangladesh Facts. Pictures.
 Causes Physical.
 Causes Human.
 Effects In 1998.
 Flood Management In Bangladesh.
 Short Term Management.
 Long Term Management.
Back.
Bangladesh Facts.
 Bangladesh is one of the world's
most densely populated countries! It
has a population of 125m.
 It is one of the poorest countries in
the world with a GNP of $200 per
head.
 It has three powerful rivers passing
through - The Ganges, The Meghan &
The Brahmaputra.
 Next page.
More Facts.
 It contains virtually no raw materials
or rock.
 It experiences floods and tropical
storms every year.

 Back.
Physical Causes.
 70% of the total area is less than 1
metre above sea level.
 Snowmelt from the Himalayas takes
place in late spring & summer.
 Bangladesh experiences heavy
monsoon rains.

 Next Page.
More Causes.
 Tropical storms bring heavy rains and
coastal flooding.
 The main cause was the above
average & long period of heavy rain
which caused all 3 rivers to have
their peak flow at the same time!

 Back
Human Causes.
 Deforestation in Nepal and the Himalayas
increases flooding downstream.
 Urbanisation of the flood plain has
increased magnitude & frequency of
floods.
 The building of dams in India has
increased the problem of sedimentation in
Bangladesh.
 Global warming is blamed for sea level
rise, increased snow melt & increased
rainfall in the region.
 Back.
Effects 1998.
 Over 57% of the land area was
flooded.
 Over 1300 people were killed.
 7 million homes were destroyed.
 25 million people were made
homeless.
 There was a serious shortage of
drinking water & dry food.
 Next page.
More effects.

 Diseases spread such as bronchitis and


cholera/diarrhoea.
 As the waters receded - it left fields of
rotting crops, wrecked roads and bridges
and destroyed villages.
 2 million tonnes of rice was destroyed.
 1/2 million cattle and poultry were lost.
 Overall the floods cost the country almost
$1 billion.
 Back.
Back
Flood Management.
 In1989 the government of
Bangladesh began working with a
number of international agencies to
produce a Flood Action Plan.
 This huge scheme contained 26
action points which it was hoped
would provide a long term solution to
the country's flooding problems.
 Back
Short Term Management.
 Boats to rescue people.
 Emergency supplies for food, water,
tents and medicines.
 Fodder for livestock.
 Repair and rebuild houses, as well as
services such as sewage etc.
 Aid from other countries.
 Back.
Long Term Management.
 Reduce Deforestation in Nepal &
Himalayas.
 Build 7 large dams in Bangladesh to
store excess water $30-$40 million
and 40 years to complete.
 Build 5000 flood shelters to
accommodate all the population.

Next page.
More Long Term.
 Build 350km of embankment - 7
metres high at a cost of $6 billion to
reduce flooding along the main river
channels.
 Create flood water storage areas.
 Develop an effective Flood Warning
Scheme.

 Back.
Sustainable Development
in Snowdonia.
► National park aims.

► Why does it need to be managed?

► Conflicts and Solutions.

► Snowdonia café.

► Back.
National Park Aims.
► Conservation – Looking after the area.

► Recreation – Encouraging peaple to


visit.

► Locals – Promote economic and social


well being for people who live in the
area.
► Back.
Why does it need to be
managed?
► Beautiful landscapes and villages.

► Mountains, rivers, forests and lakes.

► Rare plants and animals.

► Back.
Conflicts and Solutions.
Conflicts: Solutions:

► Footpath erosion. New paths made


► Between from hard
Conservation and wearing natural
stone.
Recreation.
£100 per metre.

Next Page.
Conflicts and Solutions.
Conflicts
Solutions.
► Rare plants are
► Fenced area so
being eaten by
sheep. the sheep can
► Between not eat the rare
Conservation and plants in that
Locals. area.

► Next page.
Conflicts and Solutions.
Conflicts. Solutions.
► Tourist creates
► Car parks on the
noise and traffic. edges of town.
► Between
► Better public
Recreation and transport.
locals.

► Back.
Snowdonia Café.

Back.
Now Try The Quiz.

What have you


learnt?
Deforestation is ………

• Effect

• Cause

• Response
You are correct !!!!!!!!

Next.
You are correct !!!!!!!!

Next.
You are correct !!!!!!!!

Next.
You are correct !!!!!!!!

Next.
You are correct !!!!!!!!

Next.
Wrong !!!!!!!!!!

Back.
Which of these is an effect of the
famine in Sudan ?

• Civil war

• Red cross

• Poor roads
Which of these is a disease they
get linked to water ?
• Aids

• Cholera

• Cancer
The population of Bangladesh
is….?
• 563 million

• 230 million

• 125 million
Why does Snowdonia need
managing ?
• Rare plants

• Conservation

• So it doesn’t get blown up.


Which is a solution of Snowdonia ?

• Tourist creates noise and traffic.

• Car parks on the edges of town.


You are correct !!!!!!!!

Well done you now


know all three case
studies!!!!!!!!