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DEFINATION OF MATERIAL HANDLING

Movement and storage of material at the lowest possible cost through the use of proper methods and equipments. Lifting, shifting and placing of material which effect a saving in money, time and place.

Art and science of conveying , elevating, positioning , transporting, packaging and storing of materials.

Scope of Materials Handling


The traditional point of view Plant wide concern for overall flow of materials The systems point of view

Importance of Materials Handling


Efficient materials handling is important to manufacture

operations.
Materials handling analysis is a subset of plant layout.

Objective of Materials Handling


The main objective of material handling is to reduce the number of handlings as well as the over all cost of materials handling equipments and reducing the distance through which the materials are handled.

The following may be considered as other objectives of material handling:


1. Lower unit materials handling costs. 2. Reduction in manufacturing cycle time through faster

movement of materials and by and reducing the distance through which the materials are moved . Reduction in manufacturing cycle time results in reduced work in progress inventory costs. 3. Contribution towards a better control of the flow of materials through the manufacturing facilities.

The following may be considered as other objectives of material handling(conti):


4. Improved working conditions and greater safety in the movement of materials. 5. Contribute to better quality by avoiding damage to products by inefficient handling 6. Higher productivity at lower manufacturing cost.

Materials Handling Principles:


1. Materials should move through the facility in direct flow patterns, minimizing the zig-zagging or backtracking.

2. Related production processes should be arranged to provide for direct material flows.
3. Mechanized materials handling devices should be

designed and located so that human effort is minimized. 4. Heavy and bulk materials should be moved to the shortest distance during processing.

Materials Handling Principles (conti):


5. The number of times each material is handled should be minimized.

6. Systems flexibility should allow for unexpected breakdowns of materials handling equipments, changes in production system technology , etc. 7. Mobile equipments should carry full loads all the times.

Materials Handling Costs


The cost of materials handling arise from two sources The cost of owning and maintaining the equipment The cost of operating the system
There are three fundamentals ways of minimizing the costs : 1. 2. 3.

Eliminating the handling itself whenever and wherever possible. Mechanizing, largely by conveyors & power driven trucks, whatever handling still remains. Making necessary handling more efficient.

Factors Affecting The Selection Of Materials Handling Equipment


Production Problem.

The Capabilities of the handling equipment available.


The Human Element Involved.

Production Problem
Volume of production to be attained. Class of materials to be handled. The layout of plant and building facilities.

The Capabilities of the handling equipment available


Flexibility Load Capacity Power Speed Space Requirement Supervision required Ease Of Maintenance Environment Cost

The Human Element Involved


The Capability of the available manpower to operate the

equipment.
Safety of personnel

Types Of Materials Handling Equipment


Conveyers Belt Conveyers Chain Conveyers Roller Conveyers 2. Cranes Elevator and hoist 3. Industrial Trucks
1.

Conveyers
Belt Conveyers

A mechanical apparatus consisting of a continuous moving belt that transports materials or packages from one place to another.

(Modular Plastic Belt Conveyors)

Chain conveyor

Chain conveyors utilize a powered continuous chain arrangement, carrying a series of single pendants. The chain arrangement is driven by motor, and the material suspended on the pendants are conveyed. Chain conveyors are used for moving products down an assembly line and/or around a manufacturing or warehousing facility.

Roller conveyor
A conveyor consisting of fixed-location rollers over

which materials are moved by gravity or propulsion.

Miscellaneous Handling Equipment


Pipe Lines Transfer Devices Automated Guide Vehicle (AGV) Industrials Robots

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