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Multiple Radio Access Integration of Voice and Data Traffic

Presentation by P.Kaythry AP/ECE SSN College of Engineering

Access Methods for Integrated Services


Single wireless system - Voice, data & Multimedia applications. Problem is Multiuser access. One category of service unsuitable for other Requirements of Data Packets & Voice Packets Different Multiple access methods Assign different frequency bands to isochronous (voice) and asynchronous (data). Integration Better use of BW, Simple radio

Data Integration in Voice Oriented Networks


FDMA, TDMA, CDMA Economic incentive - using same medium, frequency, antenna, possible same terminal etc. Technical incentive: 1. Fixed assignment access method for voice certain users unused resources wasted 2. Two way conversation does not use resource fully

N- Voice channels for given area Overall call generated in the area Nidle No. of idle channel

Idle time for a voice channel T average length of time a channel is idle

All voice channels occupied periods are short and infrequent acceptable for data applications Specific channels data only Block-out period no dedicated channel for data

Ta - average active data available for data

Movable boundary TDMA scheme with silence detection


Used in T1 carrier telephone networks maximize no. of voice users & integrate data transmission into the channel. TDMA framed polling protocol integration in WLAN Frame - voice slots for both traffic with voice priority Boundary moves according to no. of active voice packets in each frame.

Movable boundary TDMA scheme with silence detection

Voice Integration in Data Oriented Networks


Synchronization b/w rx & tr. use assignment based protocols for integration Synchronous system control on delay for voice traffic but less flexibility for data. Asynchronous approach no explicit synchronization , uses protocols for packet data networks voice packets complicated handling to limit delay

Contention based protocols suited for many users, low average data rate, high peak rates little centralized control Inefficient sharing the resource, throughput decreases, delay increases Internet and wireless age

QoS - wire line voice quality voice user ( PSTN ) 64kbps, 100 ms Cellular telephone low QoS (fading, dropped calls handoff, coverage etc.) 3G cellular telephony & PCS better QoS Voice over Internet /IP Popularity of Internet, packet switching with contention access, quality of voice call is low, but international calls - incentive ca VOIP for WLAN - Contention based access methods

QoS in Voice Services

Capacity of a WLAN with voice & data


WLAN stock market hall mobile users requirement Mathematical frame work to compare the capacity performance of WLAN WLAN TCP/IP What is no. of telephone calls can be carried with given amount of data? What is the maximum data traffic per user for given number of voice users?

Select a speech coder Using IP- two options for sending packets TCP and UDP UDP streaming protocol, features - BW saturation under heavy traffic TCP requirements demand additional overhead increases delay, reduces throughput. TCP for data packets - accuracy of info., UDP for voice handle delay

Human ear sensitive to time delay 200 ms Total packet delay queuing delay , channel transfer delay

IP telephony using WLANS


No. of voice channels supported using UDP over CSMA in WLAN with data transmission Contention based packet switched network and assignment based circuit switched network are different. To regulate Jitter - buffer is used, performance related to size of buffer

Packets sent at fixed intervals arrive at variety of delays Overall delay minimum network delay + individual jitter per packet Buffer is used

Packet drop rate 1% is acceptable Increase the length of jitter compensation buffer additional over all delay at rx. Length of jitter parameter is adjusted by changing length of buffer

References
Principles of Wireless Network A unified approach by Kevth Pahlavan and Prashanth Krishnamurthy