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Tyler’s model

Taba’s model

Stenhouse’s

model

Definition s CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION Theoretical Curriculu Foundation m Models – Contributions of educationists and
Definition
s
CURRICULUM
DEVELOPMENT
AND
IMPLEMENTATION
Theoretical
Curriculu
Foundation
m Models
Contributions of
educationists and
psychologists
 In Latin : “curriculum” refers to racing chariot. The term currere means running.  In
  • In Latin : “curriculum” refers to racing chariot. The term currere means running.

  • In other words : it encompasses all the experiences of an individual including the tasks undertaken from childhood until adulthood

  • In New International Dictionary : course content which is offered by an educational institution.

  • Oxford English Dictionary : courses that are taught in schools or institutions of higher learning

EDUCATIONISTS OF THE 80’S

EDUCATIONISTS OF THE 20 TH CENTURY

  • Franklin Bobbit (1918) - Father of Curriculum - All the experiences, directed or otherwise planned or otherwise

which focuses on the holistic development of the individual. -All the conscious and purposeful educational

experiences provided by the

school for the pupils

  • John Dewey (1916) in his book Democracy and Education - he outlined the role of curriculum “as efforts made to restructure society”

  • Schubert (1987)

    • - specific aspects for reconstructing society, including subject content, learning outcomes and local culture.

  • Kerr (in Kelly, 1983; 1999)

    • - all the learning planned by an

educational institution and

implemented either in groups or

individually. And inside or outside the classroom

1900-1940 1940-1960 B.F Skinner I. Alfred Binet I. - theory on operant conditioning or - systematic
1900-1940 1940-1960 B.F Skinner I. Alfred Binet I. - theory on operant conditioning or - systematic
1900-1940
1940-1960
B.F Skinner
I.
Alfred Binet
I.
-
theory on operant conditioning or
-
systematic procedure to
measure learning aptitudes
the S-R theory (Stimulus-Response
Theory)
II.
Jean Piaget
II.
Abraham Maslow
-
-
Children cognitive dev.
Sensorimotor, pre-operational,
His theory related to Hierarchy of
Needs
III.
Benjamin Bloom
concrete operations and formal
-
Bloom’s Taxonomy. Sequence of
operations
learning objectives according to 6
III. Lev Vygotsky
-
Social constructivist
IV.
Ivan Pavlov
cognitive levels starting from
knowledge (low) to comprehension,
application, analysis, synthesis and
evaluation (high)
IV.
Ralph Tyler
1960-1980 I. Erik Erikson - individual’s psychosocial dev. 8 stages starting from trust vs mistrust until
1960-1980
I.
Erik Erikson
-
individual’s psychosocial dev. 8
stages starting from trust vs
mistrust until integrity vs
despair.
II.
Lawrence Kohlberg
-
catergorized the moral dev of
All educators have to
human beings into 4 stages
understand the various of
III.
Albert Bandura
-
his social learning theory
explains how human beings
learn through imitating the
learning theories to
ensure the success of
teaching and learning in
the classroom.
behaviors of others, ‘modeling’ .
Components Educational Question Elaboration 1. Objective What educational aims need to be achieved by the educational

Components

Educational Question

Elaboration

1. Objective

What educational aims need to be achieved by the educational institution (e.g school)

Purpose of edu attuned to objective or learning outcomes Based on pupil type, subject or course and societal needs

2. Content

What educational experiences can be given

Educational experiences should be :

or provided in order to achieve the educational aims?

specific Explicit Measurable Grounded in educational philosophy Based on pupil prior knowledge

3. Organization How can we manage the predetermined educational experiences effectively? Selection of content and learning
     

3. Organization

How can we manage the predetermined educational experiences effectively?

Selection of content and learning experiences (activities) must align with the educational aims

4. evaluation

How can we determine if

Consideration given to :

the objectives have been achieved?

type- formative and summative evaluation model used (e.g. CIPP [ content, input,

process, product]) Type of data collecting instrument (interview, observation, test, survey, portfolio, analysis)