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# Define Perpendicularity

Perpendicularity is the condition that results when a surface, axis, or center plane is exactly 90 deg to a datum. A perpendicularity control is a geometric tolerance that limits the amount a surface, axis, or center plane is permitted to vary from being perpendicular to the datum.

Perpendicularity Applications
Perpendicularity applied to a surface. Perpendicularity applied to a planar FOS. Perpendicularity applied to a cylindrical FOS.

## Perpendicularity Tolerance Zones

Two Parallel Planes A cylinder

## Perpendicularity applied to a surface

Interpretations:
Tolerance zone two parallel planes that are perpendicular to the datum plane. Distance between tolerance plane specified tolerance value. Important criteria all elements of the surface must be within the tolerance zone. Perpendicularity tolerance zone limits the flatness of toleranced feature.

Inspection of perpendicularity

## Perpendicularity with multiple datums

Interpretations Tolerance zone two parallel planes that are perpendicular to the datum plane. Distance between tolerance plane specified tolerance value. Important criteria all elements of the surface must be within the tolerance zone. Perpendicularity tolerance zone limits the flatness of toleranced feature

Slot AME

6.4
6.5 6.6 6.7

0.1
0.1 0.1 0.1

0.0
0.1 0.2 0.3

0.1
0.2 0.3 0.4

6.8

0.1

0.4

0.5

## Perpendicularity control with MMC modifier applied to cylindrical FOS

Dia AME 50.2 50.1 50.0 Perpendi cularity tolerance 0.05 0.05 0.05 Bonus Tolerance tolerance Zone 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.05 0.15 0.25

Angularity Control
Angularity is the condition of a surface, center plane, or axis being exactly at the specified angle.

An angularity control is a geometric tolerance that limits the amount a surface, center plane, or axis is permitted to vary from its specified angle.

Angularity applications
Angularity applied to a surface. Angularity applied to a cylindrical FOS.

## Angularity tolerance zones

Two parallel planes A cylinder

Interpretations
Tolerance zone two parallel planes that are perpendicular to the datum plane.

## Distance between tolerance plane specified tolerance value.

Important criteria all elements of the surface must be within the tolerance zone. Tolerance zone is oriented relative to the datum plane by a basic angle. Angularity tolerance zone limits the flatness of toleranced feature

## Angularity control applied to a diametrical FOS

Parallelism Control
Parallelism is the condition of a surface, center plane, or axis being exactly parallel to the datum. An parallelism control is a geometric tolerance that limits the amount a surface, center plane, or axis is permitted to vary from being parallel to the datum.

Parallelism Applications
Parallelism applied to a surface. Parallelism applied to a cylindrical FOS.

## Parallelism Tolerance Zones

Two parallel planes. A cylinder.

PARALLELISM

SYMBOL :-

## Parallelism Applied to a FOS at MMC

Perpe Bonu Toler ndicu Dia s ance larity AME tolera Zone tolera nce nce 8.0 8.2 8.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.6

Interpretation
Tolerance zone a cylinder that is parallel to the datum plane
Diameter of the tolerance zone specified tolerance value The axis of the diameter must be within the tolerance zone A bonus tolerance is permissible A fixed gauge may be used to verify the parallelism control Parallelism tolerance zone limits flatness of the toleranced feature