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EYE GAZE COMMUNICATION

Under the guidance of B.S.PUTTASWAMY Senior Lecturer Dept of IS&E

Submitted by: SHRIDEVI.M

The Eye gaze System is a communication system for people with complex physical disabilities. This operates with eyes by looking at control keys displayed on a screen. With this system a person can synthesize speech, control his environment , operate a telephone, run computer software, operate a computer mouse, and access the Internet and e-mail.

CONTENTS
Introduction Users of the eye gaze system Working Running Functionalities Operational environment Advancements Future Work Conclusion

The Eye gaze System is a direct-select visioncontrolled communication and control system.

Edmund Huey built an early eye tracker, using a sort of contact lens with a hole for the pupil. The lens was connected to an aluminum pointer that moved in response to the movement of the eye It was developed in Fairfax, Virginia, by LC Technologies, Inc., With the help of an eye gaze system, people whose communication abilities are impaired can still express their feelings and needs with a limitless vocabulary.

Who uses the eye gaze system?

This system is mainly developed for those who lack the use of their hands or voice Its users are adults and children with cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries, brain injuries, ALS, multiple sclerosis, brainstem strokes

Good control of one eye

Adequate vision

Ability to maintain a position in front of the Eye gaze monitor

How can we run this eye gaze?

A user operates the Eye gaze System by looking at rectangular

keys that are displayed on the control screen.

To "press" an Eye gaze key, the user looks at the key for a specified period of time.
The gaze duration required to visually activate a key, typically a fraction of a second, is adjustable. An array of menu keys and exit keys allow the user to navigate around the Eye gaze programs independently. The Edge Analysis System uses the Pupil-Center/Corneal-Reflection method to determine the eye's gaze direction. A video camera located below the computer screen remotely and unobtrusively observes the subject's eye. No attachments to the head are required. A small, low power, infrared light emitting diode (LED) located at the center of the camera lens illuminates the eye. The LED generates the corneal reflection and causes the bright pupil effect, which enhances the camera's image of the pupil.

Calibrate Typewrite

Read Text
Entertain with games Teach Screens

BE AT TWO SITES!!

BE A KEYBOARD

SPEAK through a speech synthesizer

CONTROL appliances
DIAL and answer a phone

The Main Menu appears on the screen as soon as the user completes a 15-second calibration procedure. The Main Menu presents a list of available Eye gaze programs. The user calls up a desired program by looking at the Eye gaze key next to his program choice.

The Phrases program, along with the speech synthesizer, provides quick communications for non-verbal users.

Looking at a key causes a preprogrammed message to be spoken.


The Phrases program stores up to 126 messages, which can be composed and easily changed to suit the user.

The telephone program allows the user to place and receive calls. Frequently used numbers are stored in a telephone "book". Non-verbal users may access the speech synthesizer to talk on the phone.

The Run Second PC program permits the Eye gaze Communication System to act as a peripheral keyboard and Mouse interface to a Windows computer.

Simple Mouse is an easy mouse control program to provide simplified access to educational software on a Second PC

The Lights & appliances Program which includes computercontrolled switching equipment, provides Eye gaze control of lights and appliances anywhere in the home or office. No special house wiring is necessary. The user turns appliances on and off by looking at a bank of switches displayed on the screen.

The Eyegaze System must be operated in an environment where there is limited of infrared light. The System works best away from windows, and in a room lit with fluorescent or mercuryvapor lights, which are low in infrared.

Offer an unobstructed field of view with good access to the face and head. Make no contact with the subject.

Be compatible with head and body recordings


Be easy to use on a variety of subjects.

New portable eye gaze systems

It is a sophisticated system with a high tracking rate and excellent working range. It can accommodate rapid or involuntary head movements Intelligaze uses the latest camera technology, very sophisticated image processing and calibration methods

Scanning Keyboard is the new row/column keyboard with an on- screen eye "switch" for people with limited eye movement.

Nystagmus - constant, involuntary movement of the eyeball Alternating strabismus - eyes cannot be directed to the same object, either one deviates

Inadequate Visual acuity Diplopia (double vision)

Blurred vision
Cataracts (clouding of the lens of the eye)

Ability to read
Cognition Memory

Neurosciences /Neuropsychology Vision Research Experimental Psychology Cognitive Psychology Psycholinguistics Psychiatry /Mental Health Transportation: Flight simulators /driving simulators Robotics - remote vision control Video and arcade games

Totally Free Head Motion Automatic Eye Acquisition Binocular Eye tracking High Gaze point Tracking Accuracy Easy User Calibration

Today, the human eye-gaze can be recorded by relatively unremarkable techniques. This thesis argues that it is possible to use the eye-gaze of a computer user in the interface to aid the control of the application.

Care must be taken, though, that eye-gaze tracking data is used in a sensible way, since the nature of human eye-movements is a combination of several voluntary and involuntary cognitive processes.