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GRAMMAR FOR TOEIC

PARTS OF SPEECH Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Pronouns Prepositions Conjunctions

1. Nouns
1.1. Countable and uncountable nouns Uncountable nouns: water, milk, happiness, anger, - news, information, advice, work, money, furniture, equipment, luggage, traffic, weather, Eg: Its getting late. We dont have much time left. Ive been to Milan 3 times Eg: I dont like coffee. Can I have a coffee to go please? Or: Lets go have some beers!

1.2. Noun suffixes - Verb + er/or/ist: teacher, director, typist, - Noun + ian/ist/eer: librarian, pianist, engineer, .. - Verb + ance/ment/al/y/ledge/ion: acceptance, agreement, arrival, discovery, knowledge, education, - Adj + ce/ity/ty/ety/cy/ness/dom/th: confidence, reality, safety, society, constancy, sadness, freedom, truth, - Noun + hood/dom/ful/ism/ship: childhood, kingdom, handful, capitalism, friendship, - Verb + ING: warning, building, writing

Note: Nouns which are in the same spelling form as their verbs. import, export, progress, conduct, present, permit, increase, decrease, record , VD: Do you want to buy this record? Let me record your voice.

1.3. Compound nouns Noun + noun: bedroom, newspaper, Adj + noun: green house, black box, V(ing) + noun: frying pan, washing machine, Noun + V-ing: bodybuilding, horse riding, Adj + V-ing: public speaking, dry-cleaning, Prep + Noun: underground, outskirts, Noun + Verb: hair-cut, sunrise, Verb + prep: hang-over, check-out, Prep + V: input, outcome, Noun + prep phrase: mother-in-law, passer-by,

Exercise 1: Cu to danh t tng ng cho cc t di y:


1. Scholar 2. Warm 3. Manage 4. Good 5. Neighbour 6. Bore 7. Compete 8. Capable 9. Remove 10. mouth 1. Scholarship 2. Warmth 3. Management 4. Goodness 5. Neighbourhood 6. Boredom 7. Competition 8. Capability 9. Removal 10. Mouthful

Exercise 2: Ghp cc t hai ct to cc danh t ghp 1. baby 2. hair 3. dish 4. coffee 5. bus 6. washing 7. sun 8. credit 9. bed 10. lunch break sitter time washer machine stop maker glasses cut card 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. baby-sitter hair-cut dish-washer coffee maker bus stop washing machine sun-glasses credit card bedtime lunch break

Exercise 3: To cc danh t ghp din t: 1. A driver of taxi 2. A room where you have meals 3. A room in which you sleep 4. A brush with which we brush our teeth 5. A machine for washing clothes 6. A glass for holding wine 7. A knife for cutting paper 8. A box for holding matches 9. A desk for writing at 10. The people who love Hanoi

Exercise 4: Ghp cc t 2 ct to cc danh t ghp


1. heart 2. income 3. food 4. hay 5. human 6. birth 7. blood 8. traffic 9. mail 10. family a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. tax fever attack control planning pressure order poisoning lights rights

2. Verbs
2.1. Verb tenses Present tenses - Present simple Eg: She is a teacher. I always stay at home on Sundays. - Present continuous Eg: He is drawing a picture. We are going to the movies tonight. - Present perfect Eg: He has just gone out for a coffee. We have worked here since 2000. - Present perfect continuous Eg: I have been living here for 10 years.

Past tenses - Past simple Eg: We went to the beach yesterday. - Past continuous Eg: We were having dinner when he came. - Past perfect and past perfect continuous. Eg: When we got to the cinema, the film had begun. Eg: She had been waiting for me for 20 minutes when I came to see her.

Future tenses - Simple future Eg: Ill give you a call tomorrow. - Future continuous Eg: Ill be flying to Europe this time tomorrow. - Future perfect Eg: I will have worked for this company for 20 years by the end of the month. - Be going to Eg: We are going to have a birthday party here this weekend.

Exercise 1: Chia cc ng t sau 1 th thch hp 1. The performance (begin) at 7 o'clock and (last) for three hours. We all (enjoy) it. 2. "You (be) here before?" "Yes, I (spend) my holidays here last year. 3. He (leave) for London 2 years ago and I (not see) him since. 4. You (be) to the laboratory this week? 5. "You (find) the key which you (lose) yesterday?" "Yes. I (find) it in the pocket of my other coat. 6. I (see) him in the library today. We (be) there together. 7. We never (meet) him. We don't know what he looks like. 8. I suppose when I (come) back in two years 'time, They (pull) down all these old buildings. 9. We (finish) all our housework by tomorrow evening. 10. Your face (be) dirty, Tom." "All right, I (wash) it"

Exercise 2: Hy ch ra cc t in m sau y l danh t hay ng t: 1. You need a permit to work in this country 2. Im sorry I cant permit you to park here. 3. She objects to your proposal. 4. Dont treat me as if I were an object. 5. Our exports have increased this year. 6. We export everything that we make. 7. Ill conduct you to your seat. 8. People have been complaining about your conduct. 9. Ive bought you a present 10. Please present my compliments to him.

Exercise 3: Hy ch ra t loi ca cc t gch chn. 1. The dump was so full that it had to refuse more refuse. 2. We must polish the Polish furniture. 3. The soldier decided to desert his dessert in the desert. 4. Since there is no time like the present, he thought it was time to present the present to his mother. 5. When the shot came near, the dove dove into the bushes. 6. The medical insurance was invalid for the invalid. 7. There was a row among the oarsmen about how to row. 8. The wind was too strong for us to wind the sail in. 9. I had to subject the subject to a series of tests. 10. He was too close to the door to close it.