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Poetry

Vocabulary

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1. Alliteration: Repetition of initial consonant sounds Example: Sister Suzy sat on the seashore until suddenly she was swallowed by a shark. 2. Allusion: A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art

3. Ballad: A song-like poem that tells a story 4.Blank Verse: Poetry written in unrhymed, iambic pentameter. 5.Concrete Poem: A poem with a shape that suggests its subject Example: George Herberts Easter Wings and The Alter

6. Figurative Language: Writing that is not meant to be taken literally Example: He made me so mad I wanted to die. 7. Free Verse: Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or meter

8. Image:
A word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses Highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else Example: He is such a pig when he eats!

9. Lyric Poem:

10. Metaphor:

11. Mood:

12. Onomatopoeia:

The feeling created in the reader by a literary work

13. Personification:

The use of words that imitate sounds Example: The buzz of the bee was very loud.
A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics Example: The tree waved excitedly in the wind.

14. Repetition:
The use, more than once, of any element of language Repetition of sounds at the end of words Example: Roses are red, violets are blue..

15. Rhyme:

16. Rhyme Scheme:


A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem

17. Rhythm:

Pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written language 18. Simile:

A figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas
My love is like a red rose.

19. Stanza:

A formal division of lines in a poem considered as a unit

20. Motif Main or reoccurring theme. 21. Extended Metaphor a comparison developed over several lines of poetry.
22. Pun Double

23. Confessional poetry confession of an activity or an emotion.

24. Elegy Pays tribute to a person (usually dead)


25. Imagist poetry uses lots of images to paint a picture for the reader.

Humor
Humor in poetry can arise from a number of sources:
Surprise Exaggeration Bringing together of unrelated things

Most funny poems have two things in common:


Rhythm Rhyme

Rhythm & Rhyme


Using more spirited language makes humorous situations even more humorous

The Porcupine By Ogden Nash


Any hound a porcupine nudges Cant be blamed for harboring grudges. I know one hound that laughed all winter At a porcupine that sat on a splinter.

If you take away the rhythm and rhyme, the humor vanishes.
Any hound that touches a porcupine Cant be blamed for holding a grudge I know one hound that laughed all winter long At a porcupine that sat on a piece of wood

Limericks
A limerick is a poem of five lines The first, second, and fifth lines have three rhythmic beats and rhyme with one another. The third and fourth lines have two beats and rhyme with one another. They are always light-hearted, humorous poems.

Limericks
There once was a man with no hair. He gave everyone quite a scare. He got some Rogaine, Grew out a mane, And now he resembles a bear!

Limerick About a Bee


I wish that my room had a floor, I dont care so much for a door. But this walking around Without touching the ground Is getting to be quite a bore.

Another Limerick
There once was a very small mouse Who lived in a very small house, The oceans spray Washed it away, All that was left was her blouse!

You will create a limerick similar to this one


There once was a man from Beijing. All his life he hoped to be King. So he put on a crown, Which quickly fell down. That small silly man from Beijing.

Fill in the blanks and create your own Limerick.


There once was a _____ from _____. All the while she/he hoped ________. So she/he ____________________, And ________________________, That _________ from ___________.

The class Limerick:


There once was a _____ from _____. All the while she/he hoped ________. So she/he ____________________, And ________________________, That _________ from ___________.